java.rmi Properties



Please Note: Unless otherwise stated, any output from these properties is sent to System.err.


Properties that are useful to set on virtual machines (VMs) that export remote objects

java.rmi.activation.port
This property is used to set the TCP port number on which this VM should communicate with rmid (by default, rmid listens on port 1098, but can be set to listen on a different port by using the -port option on the rmid command line). The default value of this property is 1098, so this property only needs to be set on VMs that need to communicate with an instance of rmid that is running on a port other than 1098.

java.rmi.dgc.leaseValue
The value of this property represents the lease duration (in milliseconds) granted to other VMs that hold remote references to objects which have been exported by this VM. Clients usually renew a lease when it is 50% expired, so a very short value will increase network traffic and risk late renewals in exchange for reduced latency in calls to Unreferenced.unreferenced. The default value of this property is 600000 milliseconds (10 minutes).
java.rmi.server.codebase
This property specifies the locations from which classes that are published by this VM (for example: stub classes, custom classes that implement the declared return type of a remote method call, or interfaces used by a proxy or stub class) may be downloaded. The value of this property is a string in URL format or a space-separated list of URLs that will be the codebase annotation for all classes loaded from the CLASSPATH of (and subsequently marshalled by) this VM.

Note: This property must be set correctly in order to dynamically download classes and interfaces using Java Remote Method Invocation (Java RMI). If this property is not set correctly, you will likely encounter exceptions when attempting to run your server or client. For more information on this property, see Dynamic code downloading using Java RMI (Using the java.rmi.server.codebase Property).

java.rmi.server.hostname
The value of this property represents the host name string that should be associated with remote stubs for locally created remote objects, in order to allow clients to invoke methods on the remote object. The default value of this property is the IP address of the local host, in "dotted-quad" format.
java.rmi.server.logCalls
If this value is true, incoming calls and exceptions thrown from incoming calls will be logged to System.err. Setting this property to true will greatly assist you in debugging your RMI programs. See also sun.rmi.server.exceptionTrace.
java.rmi.server.randomIDs
If this value is true, object identifiers for remote objects exported by this VM will be generated by using a cryptographically secure random number generator. The default value is false.
java.rmi.server.useCodebaseOnly
If this value is true, automatic loading of classes is prohibited except from the local CLASSPATH and from the java.rmi.server.codebase property set on this VM. Use of this property prevents client VMs from dynamically downloading bytecodes from other codebases.
java.rmi.server.useLocalHostname
Java RMI now uses an IP address to identify the local host when the java.rmi.server.hostname property is not specified and a fully qualified domain name for the localhost cannot be obtained. In order to force Java RMI to use the fully qualified domain name by default, you need to set the this property to true.

Properties that are useful to set on VMs that make remote method calls

java.rmi.server.codebase
This property specifies the locations from which classes that are published by this VM (for example, custom classes that implement an interface that is the declared parameter type of a remote method call) may be downloaded. The value of this property is a space-separated list of URLs that will be the codebase annotation for all classes loaded from the CLASSPATH of (and subsequently marshalled by) this VM.

Note: Classes that exist in both the server's codebase and the client's CLASSPATH will be loaded from the client's CLASSPATH, rather than from the server's codebase as intended. For more information on this property, see Dynamic code downloading using Java RMI (Using the java.rmi.server.codebase Property).

java.rmi.server.disableHttp
If this value is true, HTTP tunneling is disabled, even when http.proxyHost is set. The default value is false. If you know that your program will never need to use HTTP tunneling, then by disabling HTTP tunneling, you should see shorter timeouts for failed connections.
java.rmi.server.useCodebaseOnly
If this value is true, automatic loading of classes is prohibited except from the local CLASSPATH and from the java.rmi.server.codebase property set on this VM. Use of this property prevents client VMs from dynamically downloading bytecodes from other codebases.

Copyright © 1993, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.