Trail: Java API for XML Processing (JAXP)
Lesson: JAXP 1.5 and New Properties
New Properties
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New Properties

JAXP 1.5 defines three new properties that can be used to regulate whether or not XML processors resolve external resources as listed above. The properties are:

These API properties have corresponding system properties and jaxp.properties.

ACCESS_EXTERNAL_DTD

Name: http://javax.xml.XMLConstants/property/accessExternalDTD
Definition: Restrict access to external DTDs, external Entity References to the protocols specified.
Value: see Values of the Properties
Default value: all, connection permitted to all protocols.
System property: javax.xml.accessExternalDTD

ACCESS_EXTERNAL_SCHEMA

Name: http://javax.xml.XMLConstants/property/accessExternalSchema
Definition: restrict access to the protocols specified for external reference set by the schemaLocation attribute, Import and Include element.
Value: see Values of the Properties
Default value: all, connection permitted to all protocols.
System property: javax.xml.accessExternalSchema

ACCESS_EXTERNAL_STYLESHEET

Name: http://javax.xml.XMLConstants/property/accessExternalStylesheet
Definition: restrict access to the protocols specified for external reference set by the stylesheet processing instruction, document function, Import and Include element.
Value: see Values of the Properties
Default value: all, connection permitted to all protocols.
System property: javax.xml.accessExternalStylesheet

${java.home}/lib/jaxp.properties

These properties can be specified in jaxp.properties to define the behavior for all applications using the Java Runtime. The format is property-name=[value][,value]*. For example:

javax.xml.accessExternalDTD=file,http

The property names are the same as those of the system properties: javax.xml.accessExternalDTD, javax.xml.accessExternalSchema, and javax.xml.accessExternalStylesheet.

Values of the Properties

All of the properties have values in the same format.

Value: a list of protocols separated by comma. A protocol is the scheme portion of an URI, or in the case of the JAR protocol, "jar" plus the scheme portion separated by colon. A scheme is defined as:

scheme = alpha *( alpha | digit | "+" | "-" | "." )
where alpha = a-z and A-Z.

And the JAR protocol:
jar[:scheme]

Protocols are case-insensitive. Any whitespaces as defined by Character.isSpaceChar in the value will be ignored. Examples of protocols are file, http, jar:file.

Default value: the default value is implementation specific. In JAXP 1.5 RI, Java SE 7u40, and Java SE 8, the default value is all, granting permissions to all protocols.

Granting all access: the keyword all grants permission to all protocols. For example, setting javax.xml.accessExternalDTD=all in jaxp.properties would allow a system to work as before with no restrictions on accessing external DTDs and Entity References.

Denying any access: an empty string, that is, "", means no permission is granted to any protocol. For example, setting javax.xml.accessExternalDTD="" in jaxp.properties would instruct the JAXP processors to deny any external connections.


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