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Administering Web Services
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1 Overview of Web Services Administration

Companies worldwide are actively deploying service-oriented architectures (SOA) using Web services, both in intranet and internet environments. While Web services offer many advantages over traditional alternatives (for example, distributed objects or custom software), deploying networks of interconnected Web services still presents key challenges, particularly in terms of security and administration.

This chapter provides an overview of Web services administration in Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c.

1.1 Web Services Administration in Oracle Fusion Middleware 12c

Oracle Fusion Middleware supports the following categories of Web services:

  • Oracle Infrastructure Web services—Application Development Framework (ADF) services

  • Java EE (WebLogic) Web services

  • RESTful Web services

At development time, application developers can secure Web services by attaching policies using Oracle JDeveloper or programmatically using annotations. Post-deployment, system administrators can secure Web services by attaching policies to the service endpoints or globally by reference to a range of endpoints. For details about securing the Web services and managing Web services policies, see Securing Web Services and Managing Policies with Oracle Web Services Manager.

In addition to securing the Web services, system administrators may need to:

  • Deploy, configure, test, and monitor Web services.

  • Enable, publish, and register Web services.

  • Manage policy lifecycle to transition from a test to production environment.

  • Test interoperability with other Web services.

1.2 Roadmap for Web Service Administration Tasks

Table 1-1 defines the tools that system administrators can use to secure and administer Web services. For information about how to access these administration tools, see Chapter 2, "Accessing the Administration Tools."

Table 1-1 Tools Used for Web Service Administration Tasks

Use this tool... To perform the following tasks...

Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control

  • Deploy Web service applications.

  • View and configure RESTful and Oracle Infrastructure Web services and clients.

  • View Java EE (WebLogic) Web services and clients.

  • Secure Java EE, RESTful, and Oracle Infrastructure Web Services with OWSM policies. For more information about securing Web services using OWSM, see Securing Web Services and Managing Policies with Oracle Web Services Manager.

  • Test Web services.

  • Monitor the run-time performance and audit Web services.

  • Manage diagnostic and message logs.

  • Register Web services and sources, and publish registered Web services.

Note: Please note:

WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST)

  • View and configure Oracle Infrastructure Web services and clients.

  • View Java EE Web services and clients.

  • Secure Oracle Infrastructure Web Services and Java EE Web services with OWSM policies. For more information about securing Web services using OWSM, see Securing Web Services and Managing Policies with Oracle Web Services Manager.

  • Manage application migration between environments, such as from test to production.

Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console

Secure and manage Java EE Web services.

For more information about using the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console to secure and administer Java EE Web services, see "Web Services" in the Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Online Help.

Note: If available, Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control is the preferred graphical user interface (GUI) tool for securing and managing Java EE Web services.