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Creating Templates and Domains Using the Pack and Unpack Commands

1 Overview of the Pack and Unpack Commands

The pack and unpack commands provide a simple, one-step method for creating WebLogic domains and templates from the command line. The pack and unpack commands are available in the ORACLE_HOME\oracle_common\common\bin directory.

Notes:

You cannot, however, use these commands to customize the contents of your WebLogic domain or template in the same way as with the other tools.

In addition to the pack and unpack commands, you can use the Configuration Wizard, Domain Template Builder, or WebLogic Scripting Tool to create WebLogic domains and templates.

You can create the following types of templates by using the pack command, and then use them in the unpack command to create either a WebLogic domain or a Managed Server domain:

  • Domain template: This type of template defines the full set of resources within a WebLogic domain, including infrastructure components, applications, services, security options, and general environment and operating system options. You can use a domain template as the basis for new WebLogic domains.

  • Managed Server template: This type of template defines the subset of resources within a WebLogic domain that are required to create a Managed Server domain directory on a remote machine. You can create a Managed Server template by using the pack command, with the -managed=true option.

    Subsequently, when you use the Managed Server template with the unpack command, the Managed Server domain directory that is created contains sufficient bootstrap information to start the Managed Server on the remote machine. You can start the Managed Server on the remote machine by using either the Node Manager or customized start scripts created when you unpacked the template on the remote machine.

1.1 Introduction to the Pack Command

The pack command provides an alternative method for creating a template from the command line in one simple step. Though the pack command does not allow you to customize the contents of your template in the same way as the Domain Template Builder, it helps you do the following tasks quickly:

  • Create a domain template that contains a snapshot of an entire working WebLogic domain.

    You can then use this template as the basis for a new WebLogic domain that you create by using either the unpack command, Configuration Wizard, or WLST.

  • Create a Managed Server template that contains a subset of the files in a WebLogic domain that are required to create a Managed Server domain directory hierarchy on a remote machine.

    You can then create the Managed Server domain directory on the remote machine by using the unpack command.

1.2 Introduction to the Unpack Command

The unpack command provides a one-step method for creating a WebLogic domain quickly from an existing template by using the default settings defined in the template. When creating a WebLogic domain, unpack does not provide the same customization options as the Configuration Wizard or WLST. If, however, you use the unpack command with a domain template, you can do the following:

  • Change the password for the default administrative user defined in the template.

  • Add an administrative user when the default administrative user already has a password specified in the template.

  • Specify the JDK and start mode for the WebLogic domain.

  • Specify an applications directory, if one is supported by the template.

By using unpack, you can also create a Managed Server domain directory based on a Managed Server template created with the pack command. The Managed Server uses the settings defined for the Administration Server; so you cannot change the JDK or the start mode, add administrative users, or change the administrator password.

Note:

You cannot use unpack to extend a WebLogic domain.