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Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Distributed Database Administration

Authentication Without PasswordsWhen using a connected user or current user database link, you can use an external authentication source such as Kerberos to obtain end-to-end security. In end-to-end authentication, credentials are passed from server to server and can be authenticated by a database server belonging to the same domain. For example, if jane is authenticated externally on a local database, and wants to use a connected

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.6 Reviewing Accounts and Passwords… Before using these accounts, you must unlock them and reset their passwords. Table 5-1 describes … these accounts and lists their user names and default passwords. See Also: The \"Unlocking and … Resetting User Passwords\" section for information about unlocking and resetting passwords. Note: Use the

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.3 Unlocking and Changing PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP are … when specifying passwords: Passwords must be between 8 and 30 characters long. Passwords must be from … the ASCII character set. Passwords must not start with a numeral. Passwords must

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Specifying CREATE DATABASE Statement Clauses

Protecting Your Database: Specifying Passwords for Users SYS and SYSTEMThe clauses of the CREATE DATABASE statement used for specifying the passwords for users SYS and … clauses, these users are assigned the default passwords change_on_install and manager, respectively. A … record is written to the alert log indicating that the default passwords were used. To protect your … database, you must change

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7 Unlocking and Resetting User PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSMP are … Accounts and Reset Passwords Using SQL*Plus to Unlock Accounts and Reset Passwords Unlocking and … Changing Passwords Note: If you are creating a database using Database Configuration Assistant, you can

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Keeping Your Oracle Database Secure

Guidelines for Securing Passwordscharacters, when it expires, and so on. You can strengthen passwords by using password policies. See … also \"Configuring Password Protection\" for additional ways to protect passwords. Follow these … guidelines to further strengthen passwords: Choose passwords carefully. \"Minimum Requirements for … Passwords\"

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Configuring Authentication

Minimum Requirements for PasswordsPasswords must not exceed 30 characters. For greater security, however, follow the additional … guidelines described in \"Guidelines for Securing Passwords\". To create passwords for users, you can use … also enable you to create passwords. Example 3-1 shows several SQL statements that create passwords

Database Upgrade Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Upgrading to the New Release

Database Links with PasswordsOracle Database 10 g Release 1 (10.1), any passwords in database links are encrypted. To downgrade to the … original release, all of the database links with encrypted passwords must be dropped prior to the

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.1 Using Database Control to Unlock Accounts and Reset PasswordsTo unlock and reset user account passwords using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control: Log in

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.2 Using SQL*Plus to Unlock Accounts and Reset PasswordsTo unlock and reset user account passwords using SQL*Plus: Start SQL*Plus and log in as the SYS … about: Unlocking and changing passwords after installation Oracle security procedures Best security practices

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Oracle Database Users

Changing Non-SYS User PasswordsMost users can change their own passwords with the PASSWORD statement, as follows: PASSWORD andy … his or her own password. Encourage users to change their passwords frequently. \"Guidelines for … Securing Passwords\" provides advice on the best ways to secure passwords. You can find existing users … SQL statement

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Application Developers

Securing Passwords in Application Design: General Guidelines for Securing Passwords in Applications Securing Passwords Using an External Password … Store Securing Passwords Using the orapwd Utility Example of Reading Passwords in Java See Also … : \"Minimum Requirements for Passwords\" Chapter 10, \"Keeping Your Oracle Database Secure\" for

Database Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.2 Unlocking and Changing PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP are … (#) characters. Do not start passwords with a numeral. Do not use a user name for a password. Do … account using one of the following methods: Using SQL*Plus to Unlock and Change Passwords Using … Enterprise Manager Database Control

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Application Developers

Example of Reading Passwords in JavaExample 5-1 demonstrates how to create a Java package that can be used to read passwords. Example 5 … -1 Java Code for Reading Passwords // Change the following line to a name for your version of this

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Configuring Authentication

Authenticating Database Administrators by Using Their Passwordsdictionary. Passwords that are too short, chosen perhaps for ease of typing, are vulnerable if an

Database Upgrade Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

After Upgrading to the New Release

Reset ASM Passwords to Enforce Case-SensitivityStarting with Oracle Database 11 g Release 1 (11.1), you can enforce case sensitivity for passwords … releases, passwords were not case sensitive. To take advantage of enforced case-sensitive passwords … , you must reset the passwords of existing users during the database upgrade procedure. For new ASM … Release

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Application Developers

General Guidelines for Securing Passwords in ApplicationsApplications to Handle Password Input Configuring Password Formats and Behavior Handling Passwords in … for viewing by all operating system users on the same host computer. As a result, passwords entered … interactively prompt for passwords. For command-line utilities, do not force users to expose passwords at a

Database Installation Guide for Microsoft Windows, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7 Reviewing User Accounts and Passwords… Before using these other accounts, you must unlock them and reset their passwords. Table 5-1 describes … these accounts, listing their user names and passwords. See Also: \"Unlocking and Changing … Passwords\" for information about using Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control to view a complete list

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Application Developers

Securing Passwords Using an External Password StoreYou can store password credentials for connecting to a database by using a client-side Oracle wallet. An Oracle wallet is a secure software container that stores the authentication and signing credentials needed for a user to log in. See \"Managing the Secure External Password Store for Password Credentials\" for more information about the secure external password store. See also Oracle Database Advanced

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Managing Security for Application Developers

Securing Passwords Using the orapwd UtilityYou can create a password file for users who need to connect to an application using the SYSDBA or SYSOPER privileges over a network. To create the password file, use the ORAPWD utility. See Oracle Database Administrator's Guide for more information about creating and maintaining a password file.

Database Upgrade Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

After Upgrading to the New Release

Change Passwords for Oracle-Supplied Accountspasswords, thus requiring new passwords to be specified when the accounts are unlocked. Note: If … the default Oracle Database 11 g Release 1 (11.1) security settings are in place, then passwords must … be at least 8 characters, and passwords such as welcome and oracle are not allowed. See Oracle … and expire

Database PL/SQL Language Reference, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Wrapping PL/SQL Source Code

Limitations of WrappingWrapping is not a secure method for hiding passwords or table names. Wrapping a PL/SQL unit

Database Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Configuring Authentication

Configuring an External Service to Authenticate Users and PasswordsThis section contains: About External Authentication Advantages of External Authentication Creating a User Who Is Authenticated Externally Authenticating User Logins Using the Operating System Authentication User Logins Using Network Authentication

Pro*C/C++ Programmer's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

New Features

Changing Passwords at Runtimethrough a simple extension to the EXEC SQL CONNECT statement. See \"Using the ALTER AUTHORIZATION Clause to Change Passwords\".

Real Application Clusters Installation Guide for Linux and UNIX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Installing Oracle Database 11g with Oracle Real Application Clusters

2.10 Selecting Database PasswordsApply the following guidelines when specifying passwords: Passwords must be between 8 and 30 … characters long. Passwords must be from the ASCII character set. Passwords must not start with a numeral … . Passwords must not be the same as the user name. Passwords must not be Oracle reserved

Pro*COBOL Programmer's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Concepts

Changing Passwords at RuntimePro*COBOL provides client applications with a convenient way to change a user password at runtime through the optional ALTER AUTHORIZATION clause. The syntax for the ALTER AUTHORIZATION clause is shown here: EXEC SQL CONNECT.. ALTER AUTHORIZATION:NEWPSWD END-EXEC. Using this clause indicates that you want to change the account password to the value indicated by NEWPSWD. After the change is made, an

Warehouse Builder Installation and Administration Guide for Windows and UNIX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Implementing Security in Warehouse Builder

Managing Passwords in Warehouse BuilderYou can manage passwords within Warehouse Builder in the following ways: Changing Passwords that … Access Control Centers Encrypting Passwords to Warehouse Builder Locations

SQL*Plus User's Guide and Reference, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

SQL*Plus Error Messages

SP2-0650 New passwords do not matchcreated successfully, and verify that the device you are writing to is still available. SP2-0650 New passwords do not match

Warehouse Builder Installation and Administration Guide for Windows and UNIX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Implementing Security in Warehouse Builder

Changing Passwords that Access Warehouse BuilderIn keeping with standard security practices, you may want to periodically change the passwords used … to access Warehouse Builder repositories. Changing Passwords that Access Design Repositories Manage … the password to design repositories as you would any other Oracle Database. Changing Passwords that

Warehouse Builder Installation and Administration Guide for Windows and UNIX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Implementing Security in Warehouse Builder

Encrypting Passwords to Warehouse Builder Locationsthese various sources and targets. Warehouse Builder can store these passwords in the repository in an

Ultra Search Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Oracle Ultra Search Postinstallation Information

Changing Oracle Ultra Search Schema Passwordspasswords using the Application Server Control Console so the password is updated in both the database … component guides in the Oracle Application Server Documentation Library for details on how to alter the passwords for the components you have installed.

Pro*C/C++ Programmer's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Concepts

Using the ALTER AUTHORIZATION Clause to Change PasswordsPro*C/C++ provides client applications with a convenient way to change a user password at runtime through a simple extension to the EXEC SQL CONNECT statement. This section describes the possible outcomes of different variations of the ALTER AUTHORIZATION clause. Standard CONNECT If an application issues the following statement EXEC SQL CONNECT..; /* No ALTER AUTHORIZATION clause */ it performs a

Database Concepts, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Security

Password Management PolicyDatabase security systems dependent on passwords require that passwords be kept secret at all times … . But, passwords are vulnerable to theft, forgery, and misuse. To allow for greater control over

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

About Database Administrator Security and Privileges

Administrative User Accountspasswords and do not accept the default passwords \"change_on_install\" or \"manager\", respectively. If you … create the database manually, Oracle strongly recommends that you specify passwords for SYS and … SYSTEM at database creation time, rather than using these default passwords. Please refer to … \"Protecting

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Oracle Database Postinstallation Tasks

4.5.9 Obfuscating PlsqlDatabasePassword Parameteruse the dadTool.pl utility to obfuscate passwords in the dads.conf file. You can find the dadTool.pl … Passwords To obfuscate passwords, run dadTool.pl by following the instructions in the dadTool.README file.

Database 2 Day + Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Securing Oracle Database User Accounts

Requirements for Creating Passwordscharacters, when it expires, and so on. You can strengthen passwords by using password policies. At … a minimum, passwords must be no longer than 30 characters. However, for greater security, follow … password. Oracle Database Security Guide describes more ways that you can further secure passwords. See … Also: \"Finding and Changing

Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Administering a Database on Windows

Automatically Encrypted Database PasswordsWith Oracle Database, the password used to verify a remote database connection is automatically encrypted. Whenever a user attempts a remote login, Oracle Database encrypts the password before sending it to the remote database. If the connection fails, then the failure is noted in the operating system audit log. Note: Configuration parameter ORA_ENCRYPT_LOGIN is retained for backward compatibility

Providers for ASP.NET Developer's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Preface

Passwords in Code ExamplesFor simplicity in demonstrating this product, code examples do not perform the password management techniques that a deployed system normally uses. In a production environment, follow the Oracle Database password management guidelines, and disable any sample accounts. See Oracle Database Security Guide for password management guidelines and other security recommendations.

Database SQL Language Reference, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Schema Object Names and Qualifiers

Schema Object Naming Examples: a_very_very_long_and_valid_name Although column aliases, table aliases, usernames, and passwords are not objects

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Considerations After Creating a Database

Some Security Considerationswith their Oracle-supplied passwords, these accounts are initially locked with their passwords … the integrity of your database, it is important that new passwords for user accounts SYS and SYSTEM … and change passwords Oracle Database SQL Language Reference for the syntax of the ALTER USER statement used for unlocking

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Considerations After Creating a Database

Creating a Secure External Password Storepasswords in application code, batch jobs, or scripts. This reduces the risk of exposing passwords in the … code each time usernames and passwords change. In addition, not having to change application code also

Database Installation Guide for Solaris Operating System, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.3 Unlocking and Changing PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP are … when specifying passwords: Passwords must be between 8 and 30 characters long. Passwords must be from … the ASCII character set. Passwords must not start with a numeral. Passwords must

Database Installation Guide for Solaris Operating System, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.6 Reviewing Accounts and Passwords… Before using these accounts, you must unlock them and reset their passwords. Table 5-1 describes … these accounts and lists their user names and default passwords. See Also: The \"Unlocking and … Resetting User Passwords\" section for information about unlocking and resetting passwords. Note: Use the

Database Installation Guide for AIX Based Systems, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.6 Reviewing Accounts and Passwords… Before using these accounts, you must unlock them and reset their passwords. Table 5-1 describes … these accounts and lists their user names and default passwords. See Also: The \"Unlocking and … Resetting User Passwords\" section for information about unlocking and resetting passwords. Note: Use the

Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Postinstallation Configuration Tasks on Windows

Resetting Passwords for Default Accountsall user passwords immediately after installation. See Also: Oracle Database Administrator's Guide … for more information on default database accounts and passwords

Database Installation Guide for HP-UX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.3 Unlocking and Changing PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP are … when specifying passwords: Passwords must be between 8 and 30 characters long. Passwords must be from … the ASCII character set. Passwords must not start with a numeral. Passwords must

Database 2 Day + Security Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Securing Oracle Database User Accounts

Finding and Changing Default Passwordswithout default passwords. During installation, you either create a password the account (always an … schemas, locked with their passwords expired. If you have upgraded from a previous release of Oracle … Database, you may have database accounts that have default passwords. These are default accounts that … vulnerable to intruders.

Database Installation Guide for HP-UX, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.6 Reviewing Accounts and Passwords… Before using these accounts, you must unlock them and reset their passwords. Table 5-1 describes … these accounts and lists their user names and default passwords. See Also: The \"Unlocking and … Resetting User Passwords\" section for information about unlocking and resetting passwords. Note: Use the

Database Enterprise User Security Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Administering Enterprise User Security

5.2.2 Setting Enterprise User Passwordspasswords in Oracle Internet Directory. The enterprise user password is used for: Directory logon

Database Installation Guide for AIX Based Systems, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5.7.3 Unlocking and Changing PasswordsPasswords for all Oracle system administration accounts except SYS, SYSTEM, SYSMAN, and DBSNMP are … when specifying passwords: Passwords must be between 8 and 30 characters long. Passwords must be from … the ASCII character set. Passwords must not start with a numeral. Passwords must

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Getting Started with Oracle Database

5 Getting Started with Oracle Databaseabout Oracle database accounts, passwords, and file locations. It includes information about the … Database with SQL*Plus Accessing Oracle Database with SQL Developer Reviewing Accounts and Passwords … Unlocking and Resetting User Passwords Identifying Databases Locating the Server Parameter File

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Distributed Database Administration

Distributed Database SecurityAuthentication Without Passwords Supporting User Accounts and Roles Centralized User and Privilege

Database Concepts, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Security

Multitier Authentication and Authorizationwith or without passwords. However, if a middle tier is outside or on a firewall, then security is … , lightweight sessions without passwords might be appropriate. Oracle Database 11 g enables you to implement

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Import/Export and the Scheduler

Import/Export and the Schedulerpasswords in these credentials are not exported. After you import Scheduler credentials, you must reset the … passwords using the SET_ATTRIBUTE procedure of the DBMS_SCHEDULER package. See Also: Oracle Database Utilities for details on Data Pump

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Distributed Database Administration

Authentication Through Database Linkssession. Hence, the link is a connected user database link. Passwords must be synchronized between the … passwords to be different on the two databases, but the local database link password must match the

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Creating and Maintaining a Password File

Using ORAPWD(Optional) If y, passwords are treated as case-insensitive. NOSYSDBA (Optional) For Data Vault … named orapworcl that allows up to 30 privileged users with different passwords. orapwd FILE=orapworcl ENTRIES=30

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Administrator Authentication

Preparing to Use Password File Authenticationprocess, DBCA creates a password file. Beginning with Oracle Database 11 g Release 1, passwords in the … password. Keep in mind that beginning with Oracle Database 11 g Release 1, database passwords are case

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Distributed Database Administration

Centralized User and Privilege Managementglobal users who are authenticated through SSL or by using passwords, then manage these users and their

Database Concepts, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Database Security

Authentication by the Operating System, Oracle Database need not store or manage user passwords, though it still maintains user names in the

Database Administrator's Guide, 11g Release 1 (11.1)

Predefined User Accounts

Predefined User Accounts… Examples are HR, SH, and OE. You must unlock these accounts and reset their passwords before using them