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Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Installing Oracle Database

4.1 Preinstallation Considerationstasks listed in Chapter 2, \" Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks\".

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2 Oracle Database Preinstallation TasksOracle Grid Infrastructure Installation\" before you proceed with the database preinstallation tasks. It … Oracle Grid Infrastructure Installation\" \"Preinstallation Requirements\" section in Oracle

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.4 About the Oracle Preinstallation RPMs and Oracle Validated RPMsIf your Linux distribution is Oracle Linux, then you can complete most preinstallation … configuration tasks by using the Oracle Preinstallation RPM or Oracle Validated RPM for your release, which is … Preinstallation RPM is not required, but Oracle recommends you use it to save time in setting up your … cluster servers. When

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.3 Checking the Hardware RequirementsThe system must meet the following minimum hardware requirements: Memory Requirements System Architecture Disk Space Requirements Display Requirements

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.4.4 Compiler RequirementsFor Linux x86 and Linux x86-64, Intel C++ Compiler 10.1 or later and the version of GNU C and C++ compilers listed under \"Package Requirements\" are supported with Pro*C/C++, Oracle Call Interface, Oracle C++ Call Interface, and Oracle XML Developer's Kit (XDK) for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2. Note: On Linux x86 and Linux x86-64, Intel C++ Compiler 10.1 can be used only with the standard template

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.20.1 Example of Creating a Udev Permissions File for Oracle DatabaseSee the examples mentioned in \"Configuring Storage for Oracle Database Files Using Block Devices\" for more information about creating a permissions file.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.2 Completing a Default Linux InstallationIf you do not install the Oracle Preinstallation RPM, then Oracle recommends that you install your

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.15.2 Oracle Inventory DirectoryThe Oracle Inventory directory ( oraInventory ) stores an inventory of all software installed on the system. It is required and shared by all Oracle software installations on a single system. If you have an existing Oracle Inventory path, then Oracle Universal Installer continues to use that Oracle Inventory. The first time you install Oracle software on a system, Oracle Universal Installer provides

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.4.2 Kernel RequirementsThe following are the kernel requirements for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2): For Linux x86  On Oracle Linux 4 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 2.6.9 or later On Asianux Server 3, Oracle Linux 5, and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 2.6.18 or later On Oracle Linux 6 2.6.32.100 or later On Asianux Server 4 and Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 2.6.32-71 or later On SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 2.6.16.21

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.4.3 Package RequirementsThe following are the list of packages required for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2): Oracle Database Package Requirements for Linux x86 Oracle Database Package Requirements for Linux x86-64 Oracle Database Package Requirements for IBM: Linux on System z Note: Oracle recommends that you install your Linux operating system with the default software packages (RPMs), unless you specifically intend

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.20.2 Example of Configuring Block Device Storage for Oracle DatabaseThe following procedure creates partitions for Oracle Database files on block devices: Log in as root Enter the fdisk command to format a specific storage disk. For example, /sbin/fdisk /dev/sdb Create a partition. For example, create a 280 MB partition for data files. Use the command similar to the following to update the kernel partition table for the shared storage device: /sbin/partprobe diskpath

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.3.2 System ArchitectureTo determine if the system architecture can run the software, enter the following command: # uname -m Verify that the processor architecture matches the Oracle software release to install. If you do not see the expected output, then you cannot install the software on this system.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.15.1 Oracle Base DirectoryThe Oracle base directory is a top-level directory for Oracle software installations. The Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines recommend that you use a path similar to the following for the Oracle base directory: /mount_point/app/software_owner In this example: mount_point is the mount point directory for the file system that contains the Oracle software. The examples in this guide use /u01

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.13 Checking Resource Limits for the Oracle Software Installation UsersOn Oracle Linux systems, Oracle recommends that you install Oracle Preinstallation RPMs to meet … preinstallation requirements like configuring your operating system to set the resource limits in the … limits.conf file. Oracle Preinstallation RPM only configures the limits.conf file for the oracle user

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1 About Installing the Linux Operating SystemLinux and the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel About the Oracle Preinstallation RPMs and Oracle Validated … RPMs Installing the Oracle Preinstallation RPM or Oracle Validated RPM with ULN Support Installing … the Oracle Preinstallation RPM from DVD Disks or Images Using Ksplice to Perform a Zero Downtime Update

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

For IBM: Linux on System z On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7 3.10.0-229.el7 or later On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6 2.6.32-200 or later On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 4 2.6.9 or later On Red Hat Enterprise Linux 5 2.6.18 or later On SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 10 2.6.16.60 or later On SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 2.6.32.12 or later See Also: \"About Oracle Linux and the Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel\" To determine if the required

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.15 Identifying Required Software DirectoriesYou must identify or create the following directories for the Oracle software: Oracle Base Directory Oracle Inventory Directory Oracle Home Directory Note: Ensure that the paths you select for Oracle software, such as the Oracle home path and the Oracle base path, use only ASCII characters. Because installation owner names are used by default for some paths, this ASCII character restriction applies

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.18.1 Guidelines for Placing Oracle Database Files on a File SystemIf you choose to place the Oracle Database files on a file system, then use the following guidelines when deciding where to place them: The default path suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory. You can choose either a single file system or more than one file system to store the database files: If you want to use a single

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.18.2 Creating Required DirectoriesNote: You must perform this procedure only to place the Oracle Database or recovery files on a separate file system from the Oracle base directory. To create directories for the Oracle database or recovery files on separate file systems from the Oracle base directory: Use the following to determine the free disk space on each mounted file system: # df -h From the display, identify the file systems

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.3.3 Disk Space RequirementsThe following are the disk space requirements for installing Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2): 1 GB of space in the /tmp directory To determine the amount of space available in the /tmp directory, enter the following command: # df -h /tmp If the free space available in the /tmp directory is less than what is required, then complete one of the following steps: Delete unnecessary files from the

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.6 Installation Fixup Scriptsrequired preinstallation steps. The fixup script: Checks for and sets kernel parameters to values … Database are met. You must still verify that all the preinstallation requirements are met to ensure a successful installation.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.3.4 Display RequirementsThe minimum resolution for Oracle Database 11 g Release 2 (11.2) is 1024 x 768 or higher.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.7 Verifying UDP and TCP Kernel ParametersSet TCP/IP ephemeral port range parameters to provide enough ephemeral ports for the anticipated server workload. Ensure that the lower range is set to at least 9000 or higher, to avoid Well Known ports, and to avoid ports in the Registered Ports range commonly used by Oracle and other server ports. Set the port range high enough to avoid reserved ports for any applications you may intend to use.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.11 Checking the Network SetupTypically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to the network. The computer has local storage to store the Oracle Database installation. It also contains a display monitor and DVD drive. This section describes how to install Oracle Database on computers that do not meet the typical scenario. It describes the following cases: Confirm Host Name Resolution Installing

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.17 Choosing a Storage Option for Oracle Database and Recovery FilesOracle Database files include data files, control files, redo log files, the server parameter file, and the password file. For all installations, you must choose the storage option to use for Oracle Database files. If you want to enable automated backups during the installation, then you must also choose the storage option to use for recovery files (the fast recovery area). You do not have to use

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.15.3 Oracle Home DirectoryThe Oracle home directory is the directory where you install the software for a particular Oracle product. You must install different Oracle products or different releases of the same Oracle product in separate Oracle home directories. When you run Oracle Universal Installer, it prompts you to specify the path to this directory and a name that identifies it. In accordance with the OFA guidelines,

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.5 Installing the Oracle Preinstallation RPM or Oracle Validated RPM with ULN Support, and to add the Oracle Linux channel that distributes the Oracle Preinstallation RPM or Oracle

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.4.5 Additional Software RequirementsProgramming Languages Browser Requirements Oracle Database Vault Preinstallation Requirement See Also … Preinstallation Requirement To install Oracle Database Vault, set the DB_BLOCK_SIZE initialization

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.16.1 Identifying an Existing Oracle Base DirectoryExisting Oracle base directories may not have paths that follow the Optimal Flexible Architecture (OFA) guidelines. However, if you identify an existing Oracle Inventory directory or existing Oracle home directories, then you can usually identify the Oracle base directories, as follows: Identifying an existing Oracle Inventory directory. See \"Creating the Oracle Inventory Group\" for more information.

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.7 Using Ksplice to Perform a Zero Downtime UpdateKsplice Uptrack updates provide Linux security and bug fix updates, repackaged in a form that allows these updates to be applied without restarting the kernel. To use Ksplice Uptrack: Obtain or verify your Oracle Linux premium support subscription from Unbreakable Linux Network: https://linux.oracle.com Log in as root. Ensure that you have access to the Internet on the server where you want to use

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.11.2 Installing on Multihomed ComputersYou can install Oracle Database on a multihomed computer. A multihomed computer is associated with multiple IP addresses. This is typically achieved by having multiple network cards on the computer. Each IP address is associated with a host name. In addition, you can set up aliases for the host name. By default, Oracle Universal Installer uses the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable setting to find

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.1 Completing a Minimal Linux InstallationUnbreakable Linux Network (ULN). Note: The Oracle Preinstallation RPM installs the X11 client libraries

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.22 Configuring Oracle Software Owner EnvironmentYou must run Oracle Universal Installer from the oracle or grid account. However, before you start Oracle Universal Installer, you must configure the environment of the oracle or grid user. To configure the environment, you must: Set the default file mode creation mask ( umask ) to 022 in the shell startup file. Set the DISPLAY environment variable. Caution: Use shell programs supported by your operating

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.20 Configuring Disk Devices for Oracle DatabaseThe O_DIRECT parameter enables direct read and writes to block devices, avoiding kernel overhead. With Oracle Database Release 10.2 and later, Oracle Database files are configured by default to use direct input/output. With the 2. 6 kernel or later for Red Hat Enterprise Linux, Oracle Linux, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server, you must create a permissions file to maintain permissions on Oracle database

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.10 Disabling Transparent HugePages2.10 D isabling Transparent HugePages Starting with Red Hat Enterprise Linux 6, Oracle Linux 6, SUSE 11 and Unbreakable Enterprise Kernel 2 (UEK2) kernels, Transparent HugePages are enabled by default at runtime. However, Transparent HugePages might cause delays in memory allocation because memory is allocated dynamically. Hence, Oracle recommends that you disable Transparent HugePages on all Oracle

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.12.2 Creating Database Operating System Groups and Users with Job Role Separationbecause you need it during preinstallation. The -g option specifies the primary group, which must be the

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.8 Installing the cvuqdisk Package for LinuxInstall the operating system package cvuqdisk. Without cvuqdisk, the Cluster Verification Utility (CVU) cannot find shared disks, and you receive a \"Package cvuqdisk not installed\" error when you run the Cluster Verification Utility. Use the cvuqdisk RPM for your hardware (for example, x86_64, or i386 ). To install the cvuqdisk RPM, complete the following procedure: Note: If you prefer, you can

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.9 Confirming Host Name Resolution2.9 C onfirming Host Name Resolution Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Database is connected to a network. Ensure that the computer host name is resolvable through a Domain Name System (DNS), a network information service (NIS), or a centrally-maintained TCP/IP host file, such as /etc/hosts. Use the ping command to ensure that your computer host name is resolvable. For example:

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.12.1 Creating Custom Configuration Groups and Users for Job RolesThis section provides an overview of how to create users and groups to divide access privileges by job roles. Log in as root to create these groups and users. Understanding Restrictions for Oracle Installations with Job Role Separation Database Groups for Job Role Installations Oracle Grid Infrastructure Groups for Job Role Installations 2.12.1.1 Understanding Restrictions for Oracle Installations

Database Installation Guide for Linux, 11g Release 2 (11.2)

Oracle Database Preinstallation Tasks

2.1.6 Installing the Oracle Preinstallation RPM from DVD Disks or ImagesUse the following procedure to install the Oracle Preinstallation RPM or Oracle Validated RPM from … Packages. The Packages in System Tools window opens. Select the Oracle Preinstallation RPM package