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accepted quantity
The quantity of inventory items received from a customer, based on a return authorization for which you credit the customer. See also received quantity.
Account Generator
A feature that uses Oracle Workflow to provide various Oracle Applications with the ability to construct Accounting Flexfield combinations automatically using custom construction criteria. You define a group of steps that determine how to fill in your Accounting Flexfield segments. You can define additional processes and/or modify the default process(es), depending on the application. See also activity (Workflow), function, item type, lookup type, node, process, protection level, result type, transition, Workflow Engine.
accounting rule start date
The date Oracle Receivables uses for the first accounting entry it creates when you use an accounting rule to recognize revenue.
accounting rules
Rules that Oracle Receivables AutoInvoice uses to specify revenue recognition schedules for transactions. You can define an accounting rule where revenue is recognized over a fixed or variable period of time. For example, you can define a fixed duration accounting rule with monthly revenue recognition for a period of 12 months.
action result
A possible outcome of an order cycle action. You can assign any number of results to a cycle action. Combinations of actions/results are used as order cycle action prerequisites. See also order cycle, cycle action.
activity (Workflow)
An Oracle Workflow unit of work performed during a business process. See also activity attribute, function activity.
activity attribute
A parameter for an Oracle Workflow function activity that controls how the function activity operates. You define an activity attribute by displaying the activity's Attributes properties page in the Activities window of Oracle Workflow Builder. You assign a value to an activity attribute by displaying the activity node's Attribute Values properties page in the Process window.
An arrangement with a customer that sets business terms for sales orders in advance. Oracle Order Entry lets you assign pricing, accounting, invoicing, and payments terms to an agreement. You can assign discounts to agreements that are automatically applied. You can refer to an agreement when you enter an order for a particular customer, and have relevant default values automatically fill in the order using standard value rule sets. See also customer family agreement, generic agreement.
agreement type
A classification for agreements. Reference agreement types in defining discounts or automatic note rules, classify your agreements to control selection of agreements during order entry, and for reporting purposes.
alert input
A parameter that determines the exact definition of an alert condition. You can set the input to different values depending upon when and to whom you are sending the alert. For example, an alert testing for users to change their passwords uses the number of days between password changes as an input. Oracle Alert does not require inputs when you define an alert.
alert output
A value that changes based on the outcome at the time Oracle Alert checks the alert condition. Oracle Alert uses outputs in the message sent to the alert recipient, although you do not have to display all outputs in the alert message.
approval action
A cycle action you can define in your order cycle to require explicit approval of an order or order line before it progresses further through the order cycle. You can define an approval step at the order or order line level. When you define an approval step, you must approve all orders or order lines using that order cycle, depending on the approval step level. You can also use approvals in order cycles for returns (RMAs). See also configure-to-order.
assemble-to-order (ATO)
An environment where you open a final assembly order to assemble items that customers order. Assemble-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to standard, model, and option class items.
assemble-to-order (ATO) item
An item you make in response to a customer order.
assemble-to-order (ATO) model
A configuration you make in response to a customer order that includes optional items.
See assemble-to-order.
ATO item
See assemble-to-order item.
ATO model
See assemble-to-order model.
See available to promise.
See available to reserve.
See activity attribute, item type attribute.
A feature that lets you determine how the Accounting Flexfields for your revenue, receivable, freight, tax, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue account types are created
A program that imports invoices, credit memos, and on account credits from other systems to Oracle Receivables.
automatic note
A standard note to which you assign addition rules so it can be applied automatically to orders, returns, order lines, and return lines. See also one-time note, standard note.
automatic sourcing
A Purchasing feature which allows you to specify for predefined items a list of approved suppliers and to associate source documents for these suppliers. When you create a requisition or purchase order line for the item, Purchasing automatically provides appropriate pricing for the specified quantity based on the top-ranked open source document for the supplier with the highest percentage allocation.
Available To Promise (ATP)
The quantity of current on-hand stock, outstanding receipts and planned production which has not been committed through a reservation or placing demand. In Oracle Inventory, you define the types of supply and demand that should be included in your ATP calculation.
available-to-promise rule
A set of Yes/No options for various entities that the user enters in Oracle Inventory. The combination of the various entities are used to define what is considered supply and demand when calculating available to promise quantity.
Available To Reserve (ATR)
The quantity of on-hand stock available for reservation. It is the current on-hand stock less any reserved stock.


An unfulfilled customer order or commitment. Oracle Order Entry allows you to create backorders automatically or manually from released order lines. See also Pick Release.
backordered lines
Unfulfilled order line details which have failed to be released at least once by Pick Release or have been backordered by Ship Confirm.
balancing segment
An Accounting Flexfield segment you define so that Oracle General Ledger automatically balances all journal entries for each value of this segment. For example, if your company segment is a balancing segment, Oracle General Ledger ensures that within every journal entry, the total debits to company 01 equal the total credits to company 01.
batch sources
A source you define in Oracle Receivables to identify where your invoicing activity originates. The batch source also controls invoice defaults and invoice numbering. Also known as invoice batch sources.
best discount
The most advantageous discount for the customer. For example, suppose you have a customer discount of 15% and a item discount of 25% for Product B. If you enter an order line for the customer for Product A, the line is discounted 15%. If you enter an order line for the customer for product B, the line is discounted 25%.
bill of lading
A carrier's contract and receipt of goods transported from one location to another.
bill of material
A list of component items associated with a parent item and information about how each item relates to the parent item. Oracle Manufacturing supports standard, model, option class, and planning bills. The item information on a bill depends on the item type and bill type. The most common type of bill is a standard bill of material. A standard bill of material lists the components associated with a product or subassembly. It specifies the required quantity for each component plus other information to control work in process, material planning, and other Oracle Manufacturing functions. Also known as product structures.
bill-to address
The customer's billing address. It is also known as invoice-to address. It is used as a level of detail when defining a forecast. If a forecast has a bill-to address associated with it, a sales order only consumes that forecast if the bill-to address is the same.
An action on an order signifying that the order has all the necessary information to be a firm order and be processed through its order cycle.
business purpose
The function a particular customer location serves. For example, you would assign the business purpose of Ship To an address if you ship to that address. If you also send invoices to that address, you could also assign the business purpose Bill To.
Bill To and Ship To are the only business purposes recognized in Oracle Order Entry.
Each customer location must serve at least one function.
Person responsible for placing item resupply orders with suppliers and negotiating supplier contracts.


cancellation code
A reason that justifies the cancellation of an order or order line. To cancel an order you must enter a cancellation code to record why the customer wants to nullify the order or order line.
See freight carrier.
Code used to group items with similar characteristics, such as plastics, metals, or glass items.
category set
A feature in Inventory where users may define their own group of categories. Typical category sets include purchasing, materials, costing, and planning.
closed order
An order and its order lines that have completed all actions of the order cycle and on which the Close Orders program has been run.
COGS Account
See Cost of Goods Sold Account.
combination of segment values
A combination of segment values uniquely describes the information stored in a field made up of segments. A different combination of segment values results when you change the value of one or more segments. When you alter the combination of segment values, you alter the description of the information stored in the field.
A contractual guarantee with a customer for future purchases, usually with deposits or prepayments. You can then create invoices against the commitment to absorb the deposit or prepayment. Oracle Receivables automatically records all necessary accounting entries for your commitments. Oracle Order Entry allows you to enter order lines against commitments.
A journal entry you make to record an anticipated expenditure as indicated by approval of a requisition. Also known as pre-commitment, pre-encumbrance or pre-lien.
component item
An item associated with a parent item on a bill of material.
concurrent manager
Components of your applications concurrent processing facility that monitor and run time-consuming tasks for you without tying up your terminal. Whenever you submit a request, such as running a report, a concurrent manager does the work for you, letting you perform many tasks simultaneously.
concurrent process
A task in the process of completing. Each time you submit a task, you create a new concurrent process. A concurrent process runs simultaneously with other concurrent processes (and other activities on your computer) to help you complete multiple tasks at once with no interruptions to your terminal.
concurrent queue
A list of concurrent requests awaiting completion by a concurrent manager. Each concurrent manager has a queue of requests waiting in line. If your system administrator sets up simultaneous queuing, your request can wait to run in more than one queue.
concurrent request
A request to complete a task for you. You issue a request whenever you submit a task, such as running a report. Once you submit a task, the concurrent manager automatically takes over for you, completing your request without further involvement from you, or interruption to your work. Concurrent managers process your request according to when you submit the request and the priority you assign to your request. If you do not assign a priority to your request, your application prioritizes the request for you.
A product a customer orders by choosing a base model and a list of options. It can be shipped as individual pieces as a set (kit) or as an assembly (configuration item).
configuration bill of material
The bill of material for a configuration item.
configuration item
The item that corresponds to a base model and a specific list of options. Bills of Material creates a configuration item for assemble-to-order models.
A form that allows you to choose options available for a particular model, thus defining a particular configuration for the model.
An environment where you enter customer orders by choosing a base model and then selecting options from a list of choices.
A representative responsible for communication between you and a specific part of your customer's agency. For example, your customer may have a shipping contact person who handles all questions regarding orders sent to that address.
The contact's responsibility is the contact role.
contact role
A responsibility you associate to a specific contact. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping provides 'Bill To', 'Ship To', and 'Statements,' but you can enter additional responsibilities.
The receptacle (box, tank, etc.) in which items to be shipped are placed.
context field prompt
A question or prompt to which a user enters a response, called a context field value. When Oracle Applications displays a descriptive flexfield pop-up window, it displays your context field prompt after it displays any global segments you have defined. Each descriptive flexfield can have up to one context prompt.
context field value
A response to your context field prompt. Your response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context prompt, such as 1500, Journal Batch ID, or 2000, Budget Formula Batch ID. The context field value determines which additional descriptive flexfield segments appear.
context response
See context field value.
context segment value
A response to your context-sensitive segment. The response is composed of a series of characters and a description. The response and description together provide a unique value for your context-sensitive segment, such as Redwood Shores, Oracle Corporation Headquarters, or Minneapolis, Merrill Aviation's Hub.
context-sensitive segment
A descriptive flexfield segment that appears in a second pop-up window when you enter a response to your context field prompt. For each context response, you can define multiple context segments, and you control the sequence of the context segments in the second pop-up window. Each context-sensitive segment typically prompts you for one item of information related to your context response.
Converts foreign currency transactions to your functional currency.
corporate exchange rate
An exchange rate you can optionally use to perform foreign currency conversion. The corporate exchange rate is usually a standard market rate determined by senior financial management for use throughout the organization.
Cost of Goods Sold Account
The general ledger account number affected by receipts, issuances and shipments of an inventory item. Oracle Order Entry allows dynamic creation of this account number for shipments recording using the OE Account Generator item type in Oracle Workflow. See also Account Generator.
credit check
An Oracle Order Entry feature that automatically checks a customer order total against predefined order and total order limits. If an order exceeds the limit, Oracle Order Entry places the order on hold for review by your finance group. See also credit profile class, credit check rule.
credit check rule
A rule that defines the components used to calculate a customer's outstanding credit balance. Components include open receivables, uninvoiced orders, and orders on hold. You can include or exclude components in the equation to derive credit balances consistent with your company's credit policies.
credit memo
A document that partially or fully reverses an original invoice.
credit memo reasons
Standard explanations as to why you credit your customers.
See also return reason.
current on-hand quantity
Total quantity of the item on-hand before a transaction is processed.
current date
The present system date.
customer address
A location where your customer can be reached. A customer may have many addresses. You can also associate business purposes with addresses. Also known as customer location. See also customer site.
customer agreement
See agreement.
customer agreement type
See agreement type.
customer bank
A bank account you define when entering customer information to allow funds to be transferred from these accounts to your remittance bank accounts as payment for goods or services provided. See also remittance bank.
customer business purpose
See business purpose.
customer class
A method to classify your customers by their business type, size, or location. You can create an unlimited number of customer classes.
customer family agreement
An agreement for a specific customer, available to any related customer. See also agreement, generic agreement.
customer interface
A program that transfers customer data from foreign systems into Oracle Receivables.
customer interface tables
A series of two Oracle Receivables tables from which Customer Interface inserts and updates valid customer data into your customer database.
Customer/Item model
Allows you to define specific attributes for items per customer class, customer and ship-to/bill-to location. The loading order forward/reverse - inverted/non-inverted is an example of this attribute.
customer merge
A program that merges business purposes and all transactions associated to that business purpose for different sites of the same customer or for unrelated customers.
customer phone
A phone number associated with a customer. You can also assign phone numbers to your contacts.
customer product line number
A customer (trading partner) may have several production lines at their manufacturing facility. The production line number identifies a specific production line, where goods should be delivered to as per the customers specifications.
customer production sequence number
A customer (trading partner) may have a particular sequence in which items are built into an assembly. For example, the customer may specify that the front axle of a car has a production sequence 45 assigned to it, while the production sequence of the rear axle is 46. See also loading order sequence, planning production sequence number.
customer profile
A method used to categorize customers based on credit information. Oracle Receivables uses credit profiles to assign statement cycles, dunning letter cycles, salespersons, and collectors to your customers. You can also decide whether you want to charge your customers interest. Oracle Order Entry uses the order and total order limits when performing credit checking.
customer profile class
A category for your customers based on credit information, payment terms, currency limits and correspondence types.
customer relationship
An association that exists between customers that allows you to share agreements and bill-to and ship-to addresses.
customer status
The Active/Inactive flag you use to deactivate customers with whom you no longer do business. In Oracle Order Entry, you can only enter orders, agreements, and returns for active customers, but you can continue to process returns for inactive customers. In Receivables, you can only create invoices for active customers, but you can continue collections activities for inactive customers.
cycle action
A cycle action is a discrete event that can occur one or more times during the life of an order. Actions can occur at the order level (where all lines on the order are processed together), such as credit or legal reviews. Actions can also occur at the line level (where each line can be processed independently), such as shipping confirmation or backordering. Oracle Order Entry uses actions to identify each step in your order cycle. See also action result, order cycle.


default value
Information Oracle Order Entry automatically enters depending on other information you enter. See also standard value.
A set of order lines to be shipped to a customer's ship-to location on a given date in a given vehicle. Multiple deliveries can be grouped into a single departure. A single delivery may include items from different sales orders and may include backorders as well as regular orders.
delivery line
A shippable and booked line from the planning pool which has been allocated to a delivery. After allocation, the line is no longer available in the planning pool. After the delivery is closed, the delivery line will also be considered closed.
Projected inventory issue transactions against an item. For Order Entry, it is an action you take to communicate current or future product needs to manufacturing.
demand class
A classification of demand to allow the master scheduler to track and consume different types of demand. A demand class may represent a particular grouping of customers, such as government and commercial customers. Demand classes may also represent different sources of demand, such as retail, mail order, and wholesale.
demand interface
A data collection point that collects and stores all sales order demand and reservation information.
demand management
The function of recognizing and managing all demands for products, to ensure the master scheduler is aware of them. This encompasses forecasting, order entry, order promising (available to promise), branch warehouse requirements, and other sources of demand.
A set of order lines that will be shipped in a specific vehicle on a given date/time. The departure may include multiple deliveries if items being shipped are destined for different customers or customer ship-to locations.
departure planned lines
Scheduled delivery lines that have been planned for a specific departure.
departure planning
The process of planning the necessary vehicles and grouping the scheduled shipments that will be included in a given departure. Planning the departure requires consideration of vehicle load capacities, container capacities and, in the case of 866 (sequenced) transactions, the loading order required to satisfy the customer's specified unload order.
departure planning mandatory
A flag that indicates whether a scheduled shipment line must be departure planned before it can be pick released. The value of this flag is set for the customer/item. Also known as planning mandatory.
departure planning pool
All of the scheduled shipment lines available to be departure planned. These include scheduled shipment lines that have not been shipped and are not currently part of a planned departure. Also known as planning pool.
Departure Planning Workbench (DPW)
Related windows that manage departures and deliveries. These integrated forms are presented to the user as a workbench.
A reduction of the list price of an item. In Oracle Order Entry, you can associate discounts with price lists and apply them either automatically or manually to an order or order line.
See also best discount, earned discounts, fixed price discount, price adjustment.
document sets
A grouping of shipping documents you can run from the Confirm Shipments window.
drop shipment
A method of fulfilling sales orders by selling products without handling, stocking, or delivering them. The selling company buys a product from a supplier and has the supplier ship the product directly to customers.
dunning letters
A letter you send to your customers to inform them of past due debit items. Oracle Receivables lets you specify the text and format of each letter. You can choose to include unapplied and on-account payments.


earned discounts
Discounts your customers are allowed to take if they pay for their invoices on or before the discount date. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping takes into account any discount grace days you assign to this customer's credit profile. For example, if the discount due date is the 15th of each month, but discount grace days is 5, your customer must pay on or before the 20th to receive the earned discount. Discounts are determined by the terms you assign to an invoice during invoice entry. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping differentiates between earned and unearned discounts. An earned discount is a discount you give to a customer who pays on or before the discount date or within the discount grace period. For example, a customer may earn a 2% discount off the original invoice if payment is received within 10 days. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping lets you decide whether to allow unearned discounts. If you allow unearned discounts, Oracle Order Entry/Shipping lets you give a customer the unearned discount if the customer pays after the discount date or after the discount grace day period. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping defaults the discount taken to zero if the discount is unearned. If the discount is earned, Oracle Order Entry/Shipping defaults discount taken to the amount of the earned discount. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping lets you override the discount taken amount during payment entry and warns you if you are taking an unearned discount.
See Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Electronic Data Interchange (EDI)
Exchanging business documents electronically between trading partners. EDI subscribes to standard formats for conducting these electronic transactions as stated by various standards.
exchange rate
A rate that represents the amount of one currency you can exchange for another at some point in time. Oracle Applications use the daily, periodic, and historical exchange rates you maintain to perform foreign currency conversion, re-evaluation, and translation.
exchange rate type
A specification of the source of an exchange rate. For example, a user exchange rate or a corporate exchange rate. See also corporate exchange rate, spot exchange rate.


feeder program
A custom program you write to transfer your transaction information from an original system into Oracle Application interface tables. The type of feeder program you write depends on the environment from which you are importing data.
FIFO costing
Costing method where it is assumed that items that were received earliest are transacted first.
fixed price discount
A discount that fixes the final selling price of the item so it is not affected by changes to the list price of the item. It is a method of implementing discounts to the list price where the final price is contractually fixed regardless of changes to the list price, as is the case with GSA prices. For example, if Item A has a list price of $100, a fixed price discount specifying a selling price of $90 results in a selling price of $90 even if the list price later increases to $110.
flexfield segment
One of the parts of your key flexfield, separated from the other parts by a symbol you choose (such as -, /, or \). Each segment typically represents a cost center, company, item family, or color code.
See freight on board.
foreign currency
A currency you define for your set of books for recording and conducting accounting transactions in a currency other than your functional currency. See also exchange rate, functional currency
freight on board
(FOB) The point or location where the ownership title of goods is transferred from the seller to the buyer.
freight carrier
A commercial company used to send item shipments from one address to another.
freight charges
A shipment-related charge added during ship confirmation and billed to your customer.
freight terms
An agreement indicating who pays the freight costs of an order and when they are to be paid. Freight terms do not affect accounting freight charges.
A PL/SQL stored procedure referenced by an Oracle Workflow function activity that can enforce business rules, perform automated tasks within an application, or retrieve application information. The stored procedure accepts standard arguments and returns a completion result. See also function activity.
function activity
An automated Oracle Workflow unit of work that is defined by a PL/SQL stored procedure. See also function.
functional currency
Currency you use to record transactions and maintain your accounting information. The functional currency is generally the currency used to perform most of your company's business transactions. You determine the functional currency for the set of books you use in your organization. Also called base currency.


General Services Administration
See GSA.
generic agreement
An agreement without a specified customer, so it is available to all customers. See also agreement, customer family agreement.
(General Services Administration)
A customer classification that indicates the customer is a U.S. government customer and pricing for products on the GSA price sheet should reflect the fixed pricing of the GSA contract. Whenever a product is on the GSA price sheet, it cannot be sold to commercial customers for the same or less price than the government customer.
gross weight
The weight of the fully loaded vehicle, container, or item, including packed items and packaging material.
A contractual obligation to purchase a specified amount of goods or services over a predefined period of time.


A feature that prevents an order or order line from progressing through the order cycle. You can place a hold on any order or order line.
hold parameter
A criterion you use to place a hold on an order or order line. Valid hold parameters are customer, customer site, order and item.
hold source
An instruction for Order Entry to place a hold on all orders or lines that meet criteria you specify. Create a hold source when you want to put all current and future orders for a particular customer or for a particular item on automatic hold. Order Entry gives you the power to release holds for specific orders or order lines, while still maintaining the hold source. Oracle Order Entry holds all new and existing orders for the customer or item in your hold source until you remove the hold source.
hold type
Indicates the kind of hold you place on an order or order line.


included item
A standard mandatory component in a bill, indicating that it ships (if shippable) whenever its parent item is shipped. Included items are components of models, kits, and option classes.
independent demand
Demand for an item unrelated to the demand for other items.
intangible item
A non-physical item sold to your customers such as consulting services or a warranty. Intangible items are non-shippable and do not appear on pick slips and pack slips. See also shippable item.
internal requisition
See internal sales order, purchase requisition.
internal sales order
A request within your company for goods or services. An internal sales order originates from an employee or from another process as a requisition, such as inventory or manufacturing, and becomes an internal sales order when the information is transferred from Purchasing to Order Entry. Also known as internal requisition or purchase requisition.
inventory item
Items you stock in inventory. You control inventory for inventory items by quantity and value. Typically, the inventory item remains an asset until you consume it. You recognize the cost of an inventory item as an expense when you consume it or sell it. You generally value the inventory for an item by multiplying the item standard cost by the quantity on hand.
inventory organization
An organization that tracks inventory transactions and balances, and/or that manufactures or distributes products.
A document you create in Oracle Receivables that lists amounts owed for the purchases of goods or services. This document may list any tax and freight charges.
invoice batch
A group of invoices you enter together to ensure accurate invoice entry. Invoices within the same batch share the same batch source and batch name. Receivables displays any differences between the control and actual counts and amounts. An invoice batch can contain invoices in different currencies.
invoice number
A number or combination of numbers and characters that uniquely identifies an invoice within your system. Usually generated automatically by your receivables system to avoid assigning duplicate numbers. Invoice numbering may be based on the delivery name/number or generated sequentially.
invoice value
The total outstanding order value that needs to be invoiced.
invoicing rules
Rules that Oracle Receivables uses to determine when you bill your invoices. You can bill In Advance or In Arrears.
Anything you make, purchase, or sell, including components, subassemblies, finished products, or supplies. Oracle Manufacturing also uses items to represent planning items that you can forecast, standard lines that you can include on invoices, and option classes you can use to group options in model and option class bills.
item attributes
Specific characteristics of an item, such as order cost, item status, revision control, COGS account, etc.
item category
See category.
item groups
A group of related products that can be added to one or more price lists.
item type
A term used by Oracle Workflow to refer to a grouping of all items of a particular category that share the same set of item attributes, used as a high level grouping for processes. For example, each Account Generator item type (e.g. FA Account Generator) contains a group of processes for determining how an Accounting Flexfield code combination is created. See also item type attribute.
item type attribute
A feature of a particular Oracle Workflow item type, also known as an item attribute. An item type attribute is defined as a variable whose value can be looked up and set by the application that maintains the item. An item type attribute and its value is available to all activities in a process.
Item Validation Organization
The organization that contains your master list of items. You define it by setting the OE: Item Validation Organization profile option.
You must define all items and bills in your Item Validation Organization, but you also need to maintain your items and bills in separate organizations if you want to ship them from other warehouses. Order Entry refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Entry forms and reports.
See also organization.



key indicators
A report that lists statistical information that lets you review trends and projections.
Also, an Oracle Applications feature you use to gather and retain information about your productivity, such as the number of invoices paid. You define key indicators periods, and Oracle Order Entry/Shipping provides a report that shows productivity indicators for your current and prior period activity.
An item that has a standard list of components (or included items) you ship when you process an order for that item. A kit is similar to a pick-to-order model because it has shippable components, but it has no options and you order it directly by its item number, not using the configuration selection screen.


LIFO costing
Costing method where it is assumed that items that were received most recently are transacted first.
list price
Your base item cost to your customers. You define the item list price on a price list and Oracle Order Entry applies all price adjustments against the item list price.
load definition
You can record actual sequenced delivery for a departure at Ship Confirm after Pick Release for unplanned picking line details.
loading order
Determines the order in which items are loaded on a truck for delivery in the requested production sequence. The loading order can be forward, reverse - inverted, or non-inverted.
loading sequence number
The number that results by manually selecting loading order at Departure Planning Workbench. This will be stored in the delivery line.
A shorthand name for an address. Location appears in address lists of values to let you select the correct address based on an intuitive name. For example, you may want to give the location name of 'Receiving Dock' to the Ship To business purpose of 100 Main Street.
Physical area within a subinventory where you store material, such as a row, aisle, bin, or shelf.
A service commercial banks offer corporate customers to enable them to outsource their accounts receivable payment processing. Lockbox processors set up special postal codes to receive payments, deposit funds and provide electronic account receivable input to corporate customers. A lockbox operation can process millions of transactions a month.
logical organization
A business unit that tracks items for accounting purposes but does not physically exist. See organization.
lookup code
The internal name of a value defined in an Oracle Workflow lookup type. See also lookup type.
lookup type
An Oracle Workflow predefined list of values. Each value in a lookup type has an internal and a display name. See also lookup code.
A specific batch of an item identified by a number.


mandatory component
A component in a bill that is not optional. Bills of Material distinguishes required components from options in model and option class bills of material. Mandatory components in pick-to-order model bills are often referred to as included items, especially if they are shippable.
A list of contents and/or weight and counts for one or more deliveries in a departure.
material transaction
Transfer between, issue from, receipt to, or adjustment to an inventory organization, subinventory, or locator. Receipt of completed assemblies into inventory from a job or repetitive schedule. Issue of component items from inventory to work in process.
message distribution
A line on the bottom of your form that displays helpful hints, warning message, and basic entry errors. See also distribution list.
modal window
Certain actions that you perform may cause a modal window to display. A modal window requires you to act on its contents before you can continue, usually by choosing OK or Cancel.
(model item) An item whose bill of material lists options and option classes available when you place an order for the model item.
model bill of material
A bill of material for a model item. A model bill lists option classes and options available when you place an order for the model item.
model item
An item whose bill of material lists options and option classes available when you place an order for the model item.


net weight
Weight of the contained load. Commonly calculated as GROSS - TARE, this includes the weight of any packing materials (paper, cardboard separators, Styrofoam peanuts, etc.).
An instance of an activity in an Oracle Workflow process diagram as shown in the Process window of Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
non-quota sales credit
See non-revenue sales credit.
non-revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople not associated to your invoice lines. This is sales credit given in excess of your revenue sales credit. See also revenue sales credit.


A region in Order Entry such as order, line, shipment schedule, and so on. You can provide Security Rules for objects. See also attribute, default value, security rules, standard value rule set.
on account
Payments where you intentionally apply all or part of the payment amount to a customer without reference to a debit item. On account examples include prepayments and deposits.
on-account credits
Credits you assign to your customer's account that are not related to a specific invoice. You can create on account credits in the Transaction window or through AutoInvoice.
on-hand quantity
The physical quantity of an item existing in inventory.
one-time item
An item you want to order but do not want to maintain in the Items window. You define a one-time item when you create a requisition or purchase order. You can report or query on a one-time item by specifying the corresponding item class.
one-time note
A unique message you can attack to an order, return, order line, or return line to convey important information.
open interface
A Manufacturing function that lets you import or export data from other systems through an open interface. An example is a bar code reader device accumulating data you later import into your manufacturing system for further processing.
An optional item component in an option class or model bill of material.
option class
A group of related option items. An option class is orderable only within a model. An option class can also contain included items.
option class bill of material
A bill of material for an option class item that contains a list of related options.
option class item
An item whose bill of material contains a list of related options.
option item
A non-mandatory item component in an option class or model bill of material.
order cycle
A sequence of actions you or Oracle Order Entry perform on an order to complete the order. An order cycle lets you define the activity an order follows from initial entry through closing. You can define as many order cycles as your business requires. Order cycles are assigned to order types. See also action result.
order cycle action
See cycle action.
order scheduling
See scheduling.
order type
Classification of an order. In Order Entry, this controls an order's order cycle, order numbering source, credit check point, transaction type, and standard value rule set.
An Order Entry open interface that allows you to import your transaction information from an original system into Oracle Order Entry/Shipping. See also feeder program.
A business unit such as a plant, warehouse, division, department, and so on. Order Entry refers to organizations as warehouses on all Order Entry windows and reports.
original system
The external system from which you are transferring data into Oracle Order Entry/Shipping tables.


pack slip
An external shipping document that accompanies a shipment itemizing in detail the contents of that shipment.
packing instructions
Notes that print on the pack slip. These instructions are for external shipping personnel. For example, you might wish to warn your carriers of a fragile shipment or your customer's receiving hours.
A variable used to restrict information in a report, or determine the form of a report. For example, you may want to limit your report to the current month, or display information by supplier number instead of supplier name.
passing result
A passing result signals successful completion of an order cycle approval action. Once an order or order line has achieved an approval action passing result, it no longer appears on the approval window. See also approval action, order cycle.
payment terms
The due date and discount date for payment of an invoice. For example, the payment term '2% 10, Net 30' lets a customer take a two percent discount if payment is received within 10 days, with the balance due within 30 days of the invoice date.
A status where a process or transaction is waiting to be completed.
pick release
An order cycle action to notify warehouse personnel that orders are ready for picking.
pick release batch
See picking batch.
pick release rule
A user-defined set of criteria to define what order lines should be selected during pick release.
pick release sequence rule
The rule for pick release that decides the order in which eligible order line details request item reservations from Oracle Inventory.
pick slip
Internal shipping document pickers use to locate items to ship for an order. If you use standard pick slips, each order will have its own pick slip within each picking batch. If you use the consolidated pick slip, the pick slip contains all orders released in that picking batch.
pick slip grouping rule
Criterion for grouping together various types of pick slips. The rule dictates how the Pick Slip Report program groups released lines into different pick slips.
A configure-to-order environment where the options and included items in a model appear on pick slips and order pickers gather the options when they ship the order. Alternative to manufacturing the parent item on a work order and then shipping it. Pick-to-order is also an item attribute that you can apply to standard, model, and option class items.
pick-to-order (PTO) item
A predefined configuration order pickers gather as separately finished included items just before they ship the order. See also kit.
pick-to-order (PTO) model
An item with an associated bill of material with optional and included items. At order entry, the configurator is used to choose the optional items to include for the order. The order picker gets a detailed list of the chosen options and included items to gather as separately finished items just before the order is shipped.
The process of withdrawing items from inventory to be shipped to a customer.
picking header
Internal implementation of picking header that identifies distinct combinations of Pick Release criteria (Warehouse, Sales Order, Shipping Priority, Freight Carrier, Ship To, Backorder) in the previous product design. Picking Headers will be generated internally at Pick Release to ensure compatibility with the View Orders. However, when a delivery is closed in the Ship Confirm window, Picking Headers will be updated internally again to ensure all picking lines of a Picking Header are associated with the same delivery. The reason to maintain Picking Headers at Ship Confirm again is for the compatibility of the Update Shipment program. Update Shipment will process all Picking Headers associated with a delivery.
picking line
An instruction to pick a specific quantity of a specific item for a specific order. Each pick slip contains one or more picking lines, depending on the number of distinct items released on the pick slip.
planning production sequence number
Number generated by the Demand Processor to guarantee a unique production sequence code for departure planning. The customer production sequence number may be insufficient because it is not necessarily unique.
See purchase order.
A combination of a specific order cycle action and an associated result that must occur before an order progresses to its next action in an order cycle. See also cycle action, order cycle, passing result.
price adjustment
The difference between the list price of an item and its actual selling price. Price adjustments can have a positive or negative impact on the list price. Price adjustments that lower the list price are also commonly known as discounts. Price adjustments can be for an order line or the entire order.
price list
A register of all the products you offer and the selling price for each.
pricing components
Combinations of pricing parameters you use when defining pricing rules. Pricing components can be made up of one or multiple pricing parameters.
pricing parameters
A parameter you use to create components to be used in a pricing rule. Valid pricing parameters include segments of your item flexfield or Pricing Attributes descriptive flexfield.
pricing rule
A mathematical formula used to define item pricing. You create a pricing rule by combining pricing components and assigning a value to the components. Oracle Order Entry automatically creates list prices based on formulas you define. See also pricing components.
primary customer information
Address and contact information for your customer's headquarters or principal place of business. Primary addresses and contacts can provide defaults during order entry. See also standard value.
primary role
Your customer contact's principle business function according to your company's terminology. For example, people in your company may refer to accounting responsibilities such as Controller or Receivables Supervisor.
primary salesperson
The salesperson that receives 100% of the sales credits when you first enter your order invoice or commitment.
primary unit of measure
The stocking unit of measure for an item in a particular organization.
A set of Oracle Workflow activities that need to be performed to accomplish a business goal. See also Account Generator, process activity, process definition.
process activity
An Oracle Workflow process modelled as an activity so that it can be referenced by other processes; also known as a subprocess. See also process.
process definition
An Oracle Workflow process as defined in the Oracle Workflow Builder. See also process.
A finished item that you sell. See also finished good.
product configuration
See configuration.
profile option
A set of changeable options that affect the way your applications run. In general, profile options can be set at one or more of the following levels: site, application, responsibility, and user.
A unit of work broken down into one or more tasks, for which you specify revenue and billing methods, invoice formats, a managing organization, and project manager and bill rates schedules. You can charge costs to a project, as well as generate and maintain revenue, invoice, unbilled receivable and unearned revenue information for a project.
project manufacturing
The type of project that uses Projects with Manufacturing to track the costs of a manufacturing-related project against a project budget.
project subinventory
A subinventory with a project reference into which terms can be delivered and out of which items can be issued and transferred.
project task
A subdivision of Project Work. Each project can have a set of top level tasks and a hierarchy of subtasks below each top level task. You can charge costs to tasks at the lowest level only. See also Work Breakdown Structure.
promise date
The date on which you agree you can ship the products to your customer, or that your customer will receive the products.
protection level
In Oracle Workflow, a numeric value ranging from 0 to 1000 that represents who the data is protected from for modification. When workflow data is defined, it can either be set to customizable (1000), meaning anyone can modify it, or it can be assigned a protection level that is equal to the access level of the user defining the data. In the latter case, only users operating at an access level equal to or lower than the data's protection level can modify the data. See also Account Generator.
PTO item
See pick-to-order item.
PTO model
See pick-to-order model.
purchase order
A type of purchase order you issue when you request delivery of goods or services for specific dates and locations. You can order multiple items for each planned or standard purchase order. Each purchase order line can have multiple shipments and you can distribute each shipment across multiple accounts. See standard purchase order and planned purchase order
purchase requisition
An internal request for goods or services. A requisition can originate from an employee or from another process, such as inventory or manufacturing. Each requisition can include many lines, generally with a distinct item on each requisition line. Each requisition line includes at least a description of the item, the unit of measure, the quantity needed, the price per item, and the Accounting Flexfield you are charging for the item. See also internal sales order.
purchased item
An item that you buy and receive. If an item is also an inventory item, you may also be able to stock it. See also inventory item.
A technique for deleting data in Oracle Manufacturing that you no longer need to run your business.


quantity on hand
Current quantity of an item in inventory.
Codes that you define for the activities and terminology you use in your business.
For example, you can define QuickCodes for sales channels so that you can specify the various sales channels used for different kinds of orders.
quota sales credits
See revenue sales credit, non-revenue sales credit.


A shipment from one supplier that can include many items ordered on many purchase orders.
received quantity
The quantity of an inventory item returned by a customer for which you are not issuing a credit. Sometimes this is temporary, while you evaluate the condition of the item; at other times you return the items to the customer, or keep them but do not allow a credit. See also accepted quantity.
receiving and inspection
A condition of a returned inventory item signifying it has been received but is being inspected for damage. If in acceptable condition, the items are transferred to stock and a credit can be issued. If unacceptable, the items can be returned to the customer or scrapped.
receiving organization
For drop-ship orders, the purchasing organization that records receipt of a drop-shipped item.
reciprocal customer relationship
An equal relationship shared between two customers. Both customers share agreements, enter invoices against each others commitments, and pay off each other's debit items.
reference document type
The kind of source used to provide default information on a return, such as a sales order, purchase order entered on a sales order, or an invoice. See also reference source.
reference source
Provides default information on a return by allowing the user to enter a unique combination of reference document type, document number and line number, that identifies the original sales order for the returning item. See also reference document type.
release reason
Justification for removing a hold on an order or order line.
remit-to addresses
The address to which your customers remit their payments.
remittance bank
The bank in which you deposit your receipts.
replacement order
A sales order created to replace goods being returned by a customer.
An organized display of Oracle Applications information. A report can be viewed on-line or sent to a printer. The content of information in a report can range from a summary to a complete listing of values.
request date
The date the customer requests the products be either shipped or received.
A guaranteed allotment of product to a specific sales order. A hold is placed on specific terms that assures that a certain quantity of an item is available on a certain date when transacted against a particular charge entity. Once reserved, the product cannot be allocated to another sales order or transferred in Inventory. Oracle Order Entry checks ATR (Available to Reserve) to verify an attempted reservation. Also known as hard reservation.
See action result.
result code
In Oracle Workflow, the internal name of a result value, as defined by the result type. See also result type, result value.
result type
In Oracle Workflow, the name of the lookup type that contains an activity's possible result values. See also result code, result value.
result value
In Oracle Workflow, the value returned by a completed activity, such as Approved. See also result code, result type.
In Purchasing, an AutoCreate option that lets a buyer return a requisition line and all other unpurchased requisition lines on the same requisition to the requisition preparer. In Order Entry, it is the opposite of a sales order. It involves receipt of goods previously sold to a customer, credit to a customer, and possibly replacement with an identical or similar product.
return material authorization (RMA)
Permission for a customer to return items. Receivables allows you to authorize the return of your sales orders as well as sales made by other dealers or suppliers, as long as the items are part of your item master and price list.
Return of Material Goods
(RMG) See Return Material Authorization.
return reason
Justification for a return of product. Many companies have standard reasons that are assigned to returns to be used to analyze the quantity and types of returns. See also credit memo reasons.
return to supplier
A transaction that allows you to return to the supplier items from a fully or partially received purchase order and receive credit for them.
revenue recognition
The schedule for which revenue for a particular transaction is recorded in your general ledger.
revenue sales credit
Sales credit you assign to your salespeople that is based on your invoice lines. The total percentage of all revenue sales credit must be equal to 100% of your invoice lines amount. Also known as quota sales credits. See also non-revenue sales credit, sales credit.
A particular version of an item, bill of material, or routing.
revision control
An inventory control option that tracks inventory by item revision and forces you to specify a revision for each material transaction.
See request for quotation.
See Return Material Authorization.
(Return of Material Goods) See Return Material Authorization.


sales channel
A term that indicates the method used to generate a sales order, such as Telemarketing or Direct Marketing. You can use this attribute of an order to classify orders for reporting purposes.
sales credit
Credits that you assign to your salespeople when you enter orders, invoices and commitments. Credits can be either quota or non-quota and can be used in determining commissions. See also non-revenue sales credit, revenue sales credit.
sales tax structure
The collection of taxing bodies that you will use to determine your tax authority. 'State.County.City' is an example of a Sales Tax Structure. Oracle Order Entry/Shipping adds together the tax rates for all of these components to determine a customer's total tax liability for an order.
A person responsible for the sale of products or services. Salespeople are associated with orders, returns, invoices, commitments, and customers. You can also assign sales credits to your salespeople.
schedule date
The date for a master schedule entry for an item. A schedule for an item has a schedule date and an associated quantity. For Order Entry, it is considered the date the order line should be ready to ship, the date communicated from Order Entry to Inventory as the required date any time you reserve or place demand for an order line.
Order scheduling includes assigning demand or reservations, warehouses, shipment dates, and lots or subinventories to an order line.
security rules
(Order Entry) The control over the steps in the order process where you no longer allow users to add, delete or cancel order or return lines or change order or return information.
senior tax authority
The first tax location in your sales tax structure. This segment does not have a parent location. For example, if your sales tax structure is 'State.County.City', then State is the senior tax authority.
serial number
A number assigned to each unit of an item and used to track the item.
serial number control
A manufacturing technique for enforcing use of serial numbers during a material transaction.
A benefit or privilege that can be applied to a product. Oracle Service categorizes the items you define as serviceable, thereby making them serviceable items. You can order or apply service to serviceable items.
service item
An inventory item used to define a service program or warranty. Service items can be recorded against serviceable products. A synonym for serviceable item is a serviceable product.
service item feature
A particular service component, such as implementation or telephone support, that you include with a service item. Once you classify an inventory item as a service type item and enter the service program related attributes for it, you can list the specific services your service item includes.
service order
An order containing service order lines. Service may be for new products or for existing, previously ordered products.
serviceable item
An inventory item that your organization supports and services, either directly or through the supplier of the item, regardless of who actually manufactures the item. A serviceable item can be an end item, both an end item and a component or part in other end items, or just a component.
serviceable item class
A category that groups serviceable items. Each class must be of the type Serialized or Non-Serialized. You can group serialized serviceable items in a serialized serviceable item class; you can group non-serialized serviceable items in a non-serialized serviceable item class. A given item may be the member of only one item class at any given time.
serviced customer product
An entity that identifies a service your customer has recorded against a particular product installation. If you order service against a product in Oracle Order Entry, Oracle Service automatically links the product and the service being recorded against the product by creating a serviced customer product. A customer product installation may have more than one serviced product.
set of books
A financial reporting entity that partitions General Ledger information and uses a particular chart of accounts, functional currency, and accounting calendar. This concept is the same whether or not the Multi-organization support feature is implemented.
ship confirm
A feature that allows shipping personnel to verify that they have shipped or backordered the items of an order line.
ship confirmation
to enter shipped quantity and inventory controls for specific shippable lines. You can ship confirm the same delivery/departure repeatedly until you close the delivery/departure. Once it is closed, no more changes can be made into a delivery/departure.
ship date
The date upon which a shippable item is shipped.
Ship Partial
An order attribute indicating whether you allow partial shipments of an order. If you enter Yes for the Ship Partial field on an order, individual order lines can be shipped as they are available and you can assign different ship to locations and other order line details to different shipments in an order line. See also Ship Together.
ship set
A group of order lines, linked by a common number, for which you want the full quantity to ship all together.
ship-to address
A location where items are to be shipped.
Ship Together
An order attribute indicating that you do not allow partial shipments of the order. You can also specify a configuration as Ship Together by setting the Ship Model Complete item attribute for the model item to Yes. See also Ship Partial, ship together model.
Ship Together model
A model item with the Ship Model Complete item attribute set to Yes. This indicates that the entire configuration must be delivered in the same shipment. If the item attribute is set to No, components can ship separately. ATO items and configurations are inherently Ship Together models. See also ship set.
ship via
See freight carrier.
An individual package sent to a customer. Thus, a shipment might contain an entire order, if all items in that order are pick released and packed together. A shipment might contain just part of an order that is pick released and packed. A shipment might also contain only part of a released order line, where some of the items on the picking slip are not in stock.
shipment priority
A term that indicates the urgency with which an order should be shipped to the customer.
shipment schedule
An itemized list of when, how, where, and in what quantities to ship an order line.
shippable item
An item with the Shippable inventory item attribute set to Yes, indicating that this item will appear on pick slips and pack slips. See also intangible item.
shippable lines
Picking line details that have been pick released and are now eligible for Ship Confirm.
shipping documents
Shipping related reports, such as the Bill of Lading, Commercial Invoice, Mailing Label, Pack Slip, Vehicle Load Sheet Summary, and Waybill.
shipping instructions
Notes that print on the pick slip. These instructions are intended for internal use.
SIC code
(Standard Industry Classification Code) A standard classification created by the government used to categorize your customers.
site use
See business purpose.
soft reservation
The planning process considers sales order demand soft reservation.
The action of identifying a purchasing source or supplier for goods or services. To identify the best sources for your purchases, you can create RFQs that you send to your suppliers, enter quotations from your supplier, and evaluate these quotations for each item you purchase.
split amount
A dollar amount that determines the number of invoices over and under this amount, as well as the total amounts remaining. For example, your company generates invoices that are either $300 or $500. You choose $400 as your split amount so that you can review how much of your open receivables are comprised of your $300 business and how much corresponds to your $500 business.
spot exchange rate
A daily exchange rate you use to perform foreign currency conversion. The spot exchange rate is usually a quoted market rate that applies to the immediate delivery of one currency for another.
standard actions
Order Entry provides a selection of predefined actions, called standard actions. Use these actions, along with those you define yourself, to create your customized order cycles. See also cycle action, order cycle.
standard bill of material
A bill of material for a standard item, such as a manufactured product or assembly.
standard component
A mandatory component used to assemble an ATO (assemble-to-order) item or configuration.
standard item
Any item that can have a bill or be a component on a bill except planning items, option classes, or models. Standard items include purchased items, subassemblies, and finished products.
standard note
A routine message you can predefine and automatically or manually attach to orders, returns, order lines, and return lines to convey important information. See also one-time note, automatic note.
standard value
The default value Order Entry automatically places in an attribute to improve the efficiency and accuracy with which you enter an order. The standard value for an attribute is frequently based on other values in the order. See also attribute, default value, object, standard value rule set.
standard value rule set
A collection of attributes and associated standard value sources. You associate a rule set with an order type to control the source and priority of default information on the Sales Orders window. See also attribute, default value, object, order type.
standard value source
The attribute or value Oracle Order Entry/Shipping uses to provide a standard value or default for an order attribute.
See customer status.
Subdivision of an organization, representing either a physical area or a logical grouping of items, such as a storeroom or receiving dock.
supply reserved
A schedule status showing that Oracle Work in Process (WIP) has recognized the demand for an item or configuration and opened a work order to supply the demand. Once the work order is complete and the finished product is received in inventory, WIP transfers a reservation for the finished product to the sales order. The schedule status for the order line or order line detail is then changed to be Reserved.
System Items Flexfield
A flexfield that allows you to define the structure of your item identifier according to your business requirements. You can choose the number and order of segments (such as product and product line), the length of each segment, and much more. You can define up to twenty segments for your item. Also known as Item Flexfield.


tax authority
A governmental entity that collects taxes on goods and services purchased by a customer from a supplier. In some countries, there are many authorities (e.g. state, local and federal governments in the U.S.), while in others there may be only one. Each authority may charge a different tax rate. Within Oracle Order Entry/Shipping tax authority consists of all components of your tax structure. For example: (California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores) for (State.County.City) Oracle Order Entry/Shipping adds together the tax rates for all of these locations to determine a customer's total tax liability order.
tax codes
Codes to which you assign sales tax or value-added tax rates. Oracle Receivables lets you choose state codes as the tax code when you define sales tax rates for the United States.
tax exempt
A customer, business purpose, or item free from tax charges.
tax location
A specific tax location within your tax authority. For example 'Redwood Shores' is a tax location in the Tax Authority (California.San Mateo.Redwood Shores).
tare weight
The weight of an item, excluding packaging or included items.
A feature that lets you categorize your customers or salespeople. For example, you can group your customers by geographic region or industry type.
Territory Flexfield
A key flexfield you can use to categorize customers and salespersons.
tolerance percentage
The percentage amount by which customers are allowed to exceed their credit limit and still pass the credit check.
transaction interface
An open interface table through which you can import transactions. See open interface.
transaction manager
A concurrent program that controls your manufacturing transactions.
transaction type
An invoice control feature that lets you specify default values for invoice printing, posting, to the general ledger, and updating of open receivable balances.
In Oracle Workflow, the relationship that defines the completion of one activity and the activation of another activity within a process. In a process diagram, the arrow drawn between two activities represents a transition. See also activity, Workflow Engine.


ultimate ship-to location
The final destination of a shipment.
unit of measure
The unit that the quantity of an item is expressed.
unit of measure class
A group of units of measure and their corresponding base unit of measure. The standard unit classes are Length, Weight, Volume, Area, Time, and Pack.
unit of measure conversions
Numerical factors that enable you to perform transactions in units other than the primary unit of the item being transacted.
unreleased lines
Order line details that are unfulfilled by Pick Release.
The removal of the schedule status for an order line or detail if a line or detail is either demanded or reserved; unscheduling will return the status to blank.


Data you enter in a parameter. A value can be a date, a name, or a code, depending on the parameter.
See supplier.


See organization.
A document containing a list of goods and shipping instructions relative to a shipment.
waybill number
The number associated with a waybill that you record for the shipping batch at ship confirmation.
See work in process.
work in process
An item in various phases of production in a manufacturing plant. This includes raw material awaiting processing up to final assemblies ready to be received into inventory.
Workflow Engine
The Oracle Workflow component that implements a workflow process definition. The Workflow Engine manages the state of all activities, automatically executes functions, maintains a history of completed activities, and detects error conditions and starts error processes. The Workflow Engine is implemented in server PL/SQL and activated when a call to an engine API is made. See also Account Generator, activity, function, item type.




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