Oracle8i SQL Reference
Release 3 (8.1.7)

Part Number A85397-01





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SQL Statements:



Use the ALTER CLUSTER statement to redefine storage and parallelism characteristics of a cluster.

Note: You cannot use this statement to change the number or the name of columns in the cluster key, and you cannot change the tablespace in which the cluster is stored. 

See Also:



The cluster must be in your own schema or you must have ALTER ANY CLUSTER system privilege.


Keywords and Parameters


Specify the schema containing the cluster. If you omit schema, Oracle assumes the cluster is in your own schema.


Specify the name of the cluster to be altered.


Use this clause to change the values of the PCTUSED, PCTFREE, INITRANS, and MAXTRANS parameters of the cluster.

See Also:

CREATE CLUSTER for a description of these parameters 


Use the STORAGE clause to change the storage characteristics for the cluster.

Restriction: You cannot change the values of the storage parameters INITIAL and MINEXTENTS for a cluster.

See Also:


SIZE integer

Use the SIZE clause to specify the number of cluster keys that will be stored in data blocks allocated to the cluster.

Restriction: You can change the SIZE parameter only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

See Also: CREATE CLUSTER for a description of the SIZE parameter 


Specify the ALLOCATE EXTENT clause to explicitly allocate a new extent for the cluster.

Restriction: You can allocate a new extent only for an indexed cluster, not for a hash cluster.

SIZE integer 

Use the SIZE parameter to specify the size of the extent in bytes. Use K or M to specify the extent size in kilobytes or megabytes.

When you explicitly allocate an extent with this clause, Oracle does not evaluate the cluster's storage parameters and determine a new size for the next extent to be allocated (as it does when you create a table). Therefore, specify SIZE if you do not want Oracle to use a default value. 

DATAFILE 'filename' 

Use the DATAFILE parameter to specify one of the datafiles in the cluster's tablespace to contain the new extent. If you omit this parameter, Oracle chooses the datafile.  

INSTANCE integer 

Use the INSTANCE parameter to make the new extent available to the specified instance. An instance is identified by the value of its initialization parameter INSTANCE_NUMBER. If you omit INSTANCE, the extent is available to all instances.  


Note: Use this parameter only if you are using Oracle with the Parallel Server option in parallel mode.  


Specify the DEALLOCATE UNUSED clause to explicitly deallocate unused space at the end of the cluster and makes the freed space available for other segments. Only unused space above the high water mark can be freed.

KEEP integer 

Use the KEEP parameter to specify the number of bytes above the high water mark that the cluster will have after deallocation. If the number of remaining extents is less than MINEXTENTS, then MINEXTENTS is set to the current number of extents. If the initial extent becomes smaller than INITIAL, then INITIAL is set to the value of the current initial extent. If you omit KEEP, all unused space is freed.  

See Also:

ALTER TABLE for a more complete description of this clause 


Specify the parallel_clause to change the default degree of parallelism for queries and DML on the cluster.

Restriction: If the tables in cluster contain any columns of LOB or user-defined object type, this statement as well as subsequent INSERT, UPDATE, or DELETE operations on cluster are executed serially without notification.


The syntax of the parallel_clause supersedes syntax appearing in earlier releases of Oracle. Superseded syntax is still supported for backward compatibility, but may result in slightly different behavior. 


Specify NOPARALLEL for serial execution. This is the default. 


Specify PARALLEL if you want Oracle to select a degree of parallelism equal to the number of CPUs available on all participating instances times the value of the PARALLEL_THREADS_PER_CPU initialization parameter. 

PARALLEL integer 

Specification of integer indicates the degree of parallelism, which is the number of parallel threads used in the parallel operation. Each parallel thread may use one or two parallel execution servers. Normally Oracle calculates the optimum degree of parallelism, so it is not necessary for you to specify integer

See Also: "Notes on the parallel_clause" for CREATE TABLE  


Modifying a Cluster Example

The following statement alters the CUSTOMER cluster in the schema scott:

ALTER CLUSTER scott.customer 
    SIZE 512 

Oracle allocates 512 bytes for each cluster key value. Assuming a data block size of 2 kilobytes, future data blocks within this cluster contain 4 cluster keys per data block, or 2 kilobytes divided by 512 bytes. The cluster can have a maximum of 25 extents.

Deallocating Unused Space Example

The following statement deallocates unused space from the CUSTOMER cluster, keeping 30 kilobytes of unused space for future use:

ALTER CLUSTER scott.customer 

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