|PL/SQL User's Guide and Reference
Part Number A89856-01
PL/SQL Language Elements, 16 of 52
EXCEPTION_INIT associates an exception name with an Oracle error number. That lets you refer to any internal exception by name and to write a specific handler for it instead of using the
OTHERS handler. For more information, see "Associating a PL/SQL Exception with a Number: Pragma EXCEPTION_INIT".
This is any valid Oracle error number. These are the same error numbers returned by the function
This identifies a user-defined exception previously declared within the current scope.
This keyword signifies that the statement is a pragma (compiler directive). Pragmas are processed at compile time, not at run time. They do not affect the meaning of a program; they simply convey information to the compiler.
You can use
EXCEPTION_INIT in the declarative part of any PL/SQL block, subprogram, or package. The pragma must appear in the same declarative part as its associated exception, somewhere after the exception declaration.
Be sure to assign only one exception name to an error number.
The following pragma associates the exception
deadlock_detected with Oracle error 60:
DECLARE deadlock_detected EXCEPTION; PRAGMA EXCEPTION_INIT(deadlock_detected, -60); BEGIN ... EXCEPTION WHEN deadlock_detected THEN -- handle the error ... END;
AUTONOMOUS_TRANSACTION Pragma, Exceptions, SQLCODE Function