|Oracle9i SQL Reference
Release 2 (9.2)
Part Number A96540-02
PLAN statement to determine the execution plan Oracle follows to execute a specified SQL statement. This statement inserts a row describing each step of the execution plan into a specified table. You can also issue the
PLAN statement as part of the SQL trace facility.
If you are using cost-based optimization, then this statement also determines the cost of executing the statement. If any domain indexes are defined on the table, then user-defined CPU and I/O costs will also be inserted.
The definition of a sample output table
PLAN_TABLE is available in a SQL script on your distribution media. Your output table must have the same column names and datatypes as this table. The common name of this script is
UTLXPLAN.SQL. The exact name and location depend on your operating system.
Oracle provides information on cached cursors through several dynamic performance views:
To issue an
PLAN statement, you must have the privileges necessary to insert rows into an existing output table that you specify to hold the execution plan.
You must also have the privileges necessary to execute the SQL statement for which you are determining the execution plan. If the SQL statement accesses a view, then you must have privileges to access any tables and views on which the view is based. If the view is based on another view that is based on a table, then you must have privileges to access both the other view and its underlying table.
To examine the execution plan produced by an
PLAN statement, you must have the privileges necessary to query the output table.
PLAN statement is a data manipulation language (DML) statement, rather than a data definition language (DDL) statement. Therefore, Oracle does not implicitly commit the changes made by an
PLAN statement. If you want to keep the rows generated by an
PLAN statement in the output table, then you must commit the transaction containing the statement.
Specify the value of the
STATEMENT_ID column for the rows of the execution plan in the output table. You can then use this value to identify these rows among others in the output table. Be sure to specify a
STATEMENT_ID value if your output table contains rows from many execution plans. If you omit this clause, then the
STATEMENT_ID value defaults to null.
Specify the name of the output table, and optionally its schema and database. This table must exist before you use the
If you omit
schema, then Oracle assumes the table is in your own schema.
dblink can be a complete or partial name of a database link to a remote Oracle database where the output table is located. You can specify a remote output table only if you are using Oracle's distributed functionality. If you omit
dblink, then Oracle assumes the table is on your local database.
"Referring to Objects in Remote Databases" for information on referring to database links
If you omit
INTO altogether, then Oracle assumes an output table named
PLAN_TABLE in your own schema on your local database.
REBUILD statement for which the execution plan is generated.
parallel_clause, then the resulting execution plan will indicate parallel execution. However,
PLANactually inserts the statement into the plan table, so that the parallel DML statement you submit is no longer the first DML statement in the transaction. This violates the Oracle restriction of one parallel DML statement in a single transaction, and the statement will be executed serially. To maintain parallel execution of the statements, you must commit or roll back the
PLANstatement, and then submit the parallel DML statement.
PLANmust be run from the same session, because the data in temporary tables is session specific.
The following statement determines the execution plan and cost for an
UPDATE statement and inserts rows describing the execution plan into the specified
plan_table table with the
STATEMENT_ID value of 'Raise in Tokyo':
EXPLAIN PLAN SET STATEMENT_ID = 'Raise in Tokyo' INTO plan_table FOR UPDATE employees SET salary = salary * 1.10 WHERE department_id = (SELECT department_id FROM departments WHERE location_id = 1200);
SELECT statement queries the
plan_table table and returns the execution plan and the cost:
SELECT LPAD(' ',2*(LEVEL-1))||operation operation, options, object_name, position FROM plan_table START WITH id = 0 AND statement_id = 'Raise in Tokyo' CONNECT BY PRIOR id = parent_id AND statement_id = 'Raise in Tokyo';
The query returns this execution plan:
OPERATION OPTIONS OBJECT_NAME POSITION -------------------- --------------- --------------- ---------- UPDATE STATEMENT 2 UPDATE EMPLOYEES 1 TABLE ACCESS FULL EMPLOYEES 1 VIEW index$_join$_00 1 2 HASH JOIN 1 INDEX RANGE SCAN DEPT_LOCATION_I 1 X INDEX FAST FULL SCAN DEPT_ID_PK 2
The value in the
POSITION column of the first row shows that the statement has a cost of 1.
The sample table
sh.sales is partitioned on the
time_id column. Partition
sales_q3_2000 contains time values less than Oct. 1, 2000, and there is a local index
sales_time_bix on the
Consider the query:
:h represents an already declared bind variable.
PLAN executes this query with
PLAN_TABLE as the output table. The basic execution plan, including partitioning information, is obtained with the following query: