Skip Headers

Oracle® Text Application Developer's Guide
10g Release 1 (10.1)

Part Number B10729-01
Go to Documentation Home
Go to Book List
Book List
Go to Table of Contents
Go to Index
Go to Master Index
Master Index
Go to Feedback page

Go to previous page
Go to next page
View PDF


This guide explains how to build query applications with Oracle Text. This preface contains these topics:


Oracle Text Application Developer's Guide is intended for users who perform the following tasks:

To use this document, you need to have experience with the Oracle object relational database management system, SQL, SQL*Plus, and PL/SQL.


This document contains:

Chapter 1, " Oracle Text Application Development"

This chapter explains the basic features of the query, catalog, and classification applications that you can build with Oracle Text.

Chapter 2, " Getting Started with Oracle Text"

This chapter explains how to get started on building a simple query applications using Oracle Text.

Chapter 3, " Indexing"

This chapter describes how to index your document set. It discusses considerations for indexing as well as how to create CONTEXT, CTXCAT, and CTXRULE indexes.

Chapter 4, " Querying"

This chapter describes how to query your document set. It gives examples for how to use the CONTAINS, CATSEARCH, and MATCHES operators.

Chapter 5, " Document Presentation"

This chapter describes how to present documents to the user of your query application.

Chapter 6, " Document Classification"

This chapter describes how to build classification applications.

Chapter 7, " Performance Tuning"

This chapter describes how to tune your queries to improve response time and throughput.

Chapter 8, " Document Section Searching"

This chapter describes how to enable section searching in HTML and XML.

Chapter 9, " Working With a Thesaurus"

This chapter describes how to work with a thesaurus in your application. It also describes how to augment your knowledge base with a thesaurus.

Chapter 10, " Administration"

This chapter describes Oracle Text administration.

Chapter 11, " Migrating Applications from Earlier Releases"

This chapter describes how to migrate your applications from earlier versions of Oracle Text.

Appendix A, " CONTEXT Query Application"

This appendix describes a sample Oracle Text CONTEXT Web application and the wizard used to produce it.

Appendix B, " CATSEARCH Query Application "

This appendix describes an Oracle Text CATSEARCH example Web application.

Related Documentation

For more information about Oracle Text, refer to:

For more information about Oracle Database, refer to:

For more information about PL/SQL, refer to:

You can obtain Oracle Text technical information, collateral, code samples, training slides and other material at:

Many books in the documentation set use the sample schemas of the seed database, which is installed by default when you install Oracle Database. Refer to Oracle Database Sample Schemas for information on how these schemas were created and how you can use them yourself.

Printed documentation is available for sale in the Oracle Store at

To download free release notes, installation documentation, white papers, or other collateral, please visit the Oracle Technology Network (OTN). You must register online before using OTN; registration is free and can be done at

If you already have a username and password for OTN, then you can go directly to the documentation section of the OTN Web site at


This section describes the conventions used in the text and code examples of the this documentation set. It describes:

Conventions in Text

We use various conventions in text to help you more quickly identify special terms. The following table describes those conventions and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
Bold Bold typeface indicates terms that are defined in the text or terms that appear in a glossary, or both. The C datatypes such as ub4, sword, or OCINumber are valid.

When you specify this clause, you create an index-organized table.

Italics Italic typeface indicates query terms, book titles, emphasis, syntax clauses, or placeholders. Oracle9i Concepts

You can specify the parallel_clause.

Run Uold_release.SQL where old_release refers to the release you installed prior to upgrading.

UPPERCASE monospace (fixed-width font) Uppercase monospace typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. Such elements include parameters, privileges, datatypes, RMAN keywords, SQL keywords, SQL*Plus or utility commands, packages and methods, as well as system-supplied column names, database objects and structures, user names, and roles. You can specify this clause only for a NUMBER column.

You can back up the database using the BACKUP command.

Query the TABLE_NAME column in the USER_TABLES table in the data dictionary view.

Specify the ROLLBACK_SEGMENTS parameter.


lowercase monospace (fixed-width font) Lowercase monospace typeface indicates executables and sample user-supplied elements. Such elements include computer and database names, net service names, and connect identifiers, as well as user-supplied database objects and structures, column names, packages and classes, user names and roles, program units, and parameter values. Enter sqlplus to open SQL*Plus.

The department_id, department_name, and location_id columns are in the hr.departments table.

Set the QUERY_REWRITE_ENABLED initialization parameter to true.

Connect as oe user.

Conventions in Code Examples

Code examples illustrate SQL, PL/SQL, SQL*Plus, or other command-line statements. They are displayed in a monospace (fixed-width) font and separated from normal text as shown in this example:

SELECT username FROM dba_users WHERE username = 'MIGRATE';

The following table describes typographic conventions used in code examples and provides examples of their use.

Convention Meaning Example
[ ] Brackets enclose one or more optional items. Do not enter the brackets. DECIMAL (digits [ , precision ])
{ } Braces enclose two or more items, one of which is required. Do not enter the braces. {ENABLE | DISABLE}
A vertical bar represents a choice of two or more options within brackets or braces. Enter one of the options. Do not enter the vertical bar. {ENABLE | DISABLE}


... Horizontal ellipsis points indicate either:

That we have omitted parts of the code that are not directly related to the example

That you can repeat a portion of the code

CREATE TABLE ... AS subquery;

SELECT col1, col2, ... , coln FROM employees;




Vertical ellipsis points indicate that we have omitted several lines of code not directly related to the example.
Other notation You must enter symbols other than brackets, braces, vertical bars, and ellipsis points as it is shown. acctbal NUMBER(11,2);

acct CONSTANT NUMBER(4) := 3;

Italics Italicized text indicates variables for which you must supply particular values. CONNECT SYSTEM/system_password
UPPERCASE Uppercase typeface indicates elements supplied by the system. We show these terms in uppercase in order to distinguish them from terms you define. Unless terms appear in brackets, enter them in the order and with the spelling shown. However, because these terms are not case sensitive, you can enter them in lowercase. SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;


DROP TABLE hr.employees;

lowercase Lowercase typeface indicates programmatic elements that you supply. For example, lowercase indicates names of tables, columns, or files. SELECT last_name, employee_id FROM employees;

sqlplus hr/hr

Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible, with good usability, to the disabled community. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For additional information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

JAWS, a Windows screen reader, may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, JAWS may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.