The SELECT INTO statement retrieves data from one or more database tables, and assigns the selected values to variables or collections. For a full description of the SELECT SQL statement, see Oracle Database SQL Reference.

In its default usage (SELECT ... INTO), this statement retrieves one or more columns from a single row. In its bulk usage (SELECT ... BULK COLLECT INTO), this statement retrieves an entire result set at once.


select into statement ::=

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Description of the illustration select_into_statement.gif

select item ::=

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Keyword and Parameter Description


Another (usually short) name for the referenced column, table, or view.


Stores result values in one or more collections, for faster queries than loops with FETCH statements. For more information, see "Reducing Loop Overhead for DML Statements and Queries with Bulk SQL".


A declared collection into which select_item values are fetched. For each select_item, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible collection in the list.


A user-defined function.


An array (declared in a PL/SQL host environment and passed to PL/SQL as a bind variable) into which select_item values are fetched. For each select_item, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible array in the list. Host arrays must be prefixed with a colon.


A literal that represents a number or a value implicitly convertible to a number.


A formal parameter of a user-defined function.


A user-defined or %ROWTYPE record into which rows of values are fetched. For each select_item value returned by the query, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible field in the record.


Anything that can follow the FROM clause in a SQL SELECT statement (except the SAMPLE clause).


The schema containing the table or view. If you omit schema_name, Oracle assumes the table or view is in your schema.


A SELECT statement that provides a set of rows for processing. Its syntax is similar to that of select_into_statement without the INTO clause.


A table or view that must be accessible when you execute the SELECT statement, and for which you must have SELECT privileges. For the syntax of table_reference, see "DELETE Statement".

TABLE (subquery2)

The operand of TABLE is a SELECT statement that returns a single column value, which must be a nested table or a varray. Operator TABLE informs Oracle that the value is a collection, not a scalar value.


A previously declared variable into which a select_item value is fetched. For each select_item value returned by the query, there must be a corresponding, type-compatible variable in the list.

Usage Notes

By default, a SELECT INTO statement must return only one row. Otherwise, PL/SQL raises the predefined exception TOO_MANY_ROWS and the values of the variables in the INTO clause are undefined. Make sure your WHERE clause is specific enough to only match one row

If no rows are returned, PL/SQL raises NO_DATA_FOUND. You can guard against this exception by selecting the result of an aggregate function, such as COUNT(*) or AVG(), where practical. These functions are guaranteed to return a single value, even if no rows match the condition.

A SELECT ... BULK COLLECT INTO statement can return multiple rows. You must set up collection variables to hold the results. You can declare associative arrays or nested tables that grow as needed to hold the entire result set.

The implicit cursor SQL and its attributes %NOTFOUND, %FOUND, %ROWCOUNT, and %ISOPEN provide information about the execution of a SELECT INTO statement.


Example 13-4 shows various ways to use the SELECT INTO statement.

Example 13-4 Using the SELECT INTO Statement

  deptid        employees.department_id%TYPE;
  jobid         employees.job_id%TYPE;
  emp_rec       employees%ROWTYPE;
  all_emps      emp_tab;
  SELECT department_id, job_id INTO deptid, jobid 
     FROM employees WHERE employee_id = 140;
    DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Dept Id: ' || deptid || ', Job Id: ' || jobid);
  SELECT * INTO emp_rec FROM employees WHERE employee_id = 105;
  SELECT * BULK COLLECT INTO all_emps FROM employees;
  DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('Number of rows: ' || SQL%ROWCOUNT);

For examples, see the following:

Example 1-3, "Assigning Values to Variables by SELECTing INTO"
Example 1-4, "Assigning Values to Variables as Parameters of a Subprogram"
Example 1-9, "Using WHILE-LOOP for Control"
Example 5-51, "Updating a Row Using a Record"
Example 5-52, "Using the RETURNING Clause with a Record"
Example 6-5, "Using CURRVAL and NEXTVAL"
Example 6-37, "Using ROLLBACK"
Example 6-38, "Using SAVEPOINT With ROLLBACK"
Example 6-43, "Declaring an Autonomous Function in a Package"
Example 7-1, "Examples of Dynamic SQL"
Example 7-2, "Dynamic SQL Procedure that Accepts Table Name and WHERE Clause"

Related Topics

"Assignment Statement"
"FETCH Statement"
"%ROWTYPE Attribute"