OUTLINE statement to create a stored outline, which is a set of attributes used by the optimizer to generate an execution plan. You can then instruct the optimizer to use a set of outlines to influence the generation of execution plans whenever a particular SQL statement is issued, regardless of changes in factors that can affect optimization. You can also modify an outline so that it takes into account changes in these factors.
Note:The SQL statement you want to affect must be an exact string match of the statement specified when creating the outline.
To create a public or private outline, you must have the
OUTLINE system privilege.
If you are creating a clone outline from a source outline, you must also have the role.
USE_STORED_OUTLINES parameter to use public outlines.
USE_PRIVATE_OUTLINES parameter to use private stored outlines.
Note:None of the clauses after
outlineare required. However, you must specify at least one clause after
outline, and it must be either the
FROMclause or the
REPLACE to replace an existing outline with a new outline of the same name.
PUBLIC if you are creating an outline for use by
PUBLIC. This is the default.
PRIVATE to create an outline for private use by the current session only. The data of this outline is stored in the current schema.
Note:To create a private outline, you must provide an outline editing table to hold the outline data in your schema by executing the
DBMS_OUTLN_EDIT.CREATE_EDIT_TABLESprocedure. You must have the
EXECUTEobject privilege on the
DBMS_OUTLN_EDITpackage to execute this procedure.
Specify the unique name to be assigned to the stored outline. If you do not specify
outline, then the database generates an outline name.
See Also:"Creating an Outline: Example"
FROM clause to create a new outline by copying an existing one. By default, Oracle Database looks for
source_category in the public area. If you specify
PRIVATE, then the database looks for the outline in the current schema.
See Also:"Creating a Private Clone Outline: Example" and "Publicizing a Private Outline to the Public Area: Example"
Specify an optional name used to group stored outlines. For example, you could specify a category of outlines for end-of-week use and another for end-of-quarter use. If you do not specify
category, then the outline is stored in the
Specify the SQL statement for which the database will create an outline when the statement is compiled. This clause is optional only if you are creating a copy of an existing outline using the
You can specify any one of the following statements:
If you specify the
ON clause, you cannot specify the
You cannot create an outline on a multitable
The SQL statement in the
ON clause cannot include any DML operation on a remote object.
Note:You can specify multiple outlines for a single statement, but each outline for the same statement must be in a different category.
CREATE OUTLINE salaries FOR CATEGORY special ON SELECT last_name, salary FROM employees;
When this same
SELECT statement is subsequently compiled, if the
USE_STORED_OUTLINES parameter is set to
special, the database generates the same execution plan as was generated when the outline
salaries was created.
Creating a Private Clone Outline: Example The following statement creates a stored private outline
my_salaries based on the public category
salaries created in the preceding example. In order to create a private outline, the user creating the private outline must have the
EXECUTE object privilege on the
DBMS_OUTLN_EDIT package and must execute the
CREATE_EDIT_TABLES procedure of that package.
EXECUTE DBMS_OUTLN_EDIT.CREATE_EDIT_TABLES; CREATE OR REPLACE PRIVATE OUTLINE my_salaries FROM salaries;
CREATE OR REPLACE OUTLINE public_salaries FROM PRIVATE my_salaries;