Use the CREATE CONTEXT statement to:

  • Create a namespace for a context (a set of application-defined attributes that validates and secures an application)

  • Associate the namespace with the externally created package that sets the context

You can use the DBMS_SESSION.SET_CONTEXT procedure in your designated package to set or reset the attributes of the context.

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To create a context namespace, you must have CREATE ANY CONTEXT system privilege.



Specify OR REPLACE to redefine an existing context namespace using a different package.


Specify the name of the context namespace to create or modify. Context namespaces are always stored in the schema SYS.

See Also:

"Schema Object Naming Rules" for guidelines on naming a context namespace


Specify the schema owning package. If you omit schema, then Oracle Database uses the current schema.


Specify the PL/SQL package that sets or resets the context attributes under the namespace for a user session.

To provide some design flexibility, Oracle Database does not verify the existence of the schema or the validity of the package at the time you create the context.


The INITIALIZED clause lets you specify an entity other than Oracle Database that can initialize the context namespace.

EXTERNALLY EXTERNALLY indicates that the namespace can be initialized using an OCI interface when establishing a session.

See Also:

Oracle Call Interface Programmer's Guide for information on using OCI to establish a session

GLOBALLY GLOBALLY indicates that the namespace can be initialized by the LDAP directory when a global user connects to the database.

After the session is established, only the designated PL/SQL package can issue commands to write to any attributes inside the namespace.

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This clause indicates that any application context set in namespace is accessible throughout the entire instance. This setting lets multiple sessions share application attributes.


Creating an Application Context: Example 

This example uses a PL/SQL package empno_ctx, which validates and secures the hr application. See Oracle Database Security Guide for the example that creates this application context. The following statement creates the context namespace hr_context and associates it with the package empno_ctx:

CREATE CONTEXT hr_context USING empno_ctx;

You can control data access based on this context using the SYS_CONTEXT function. For example, suppose the empno_ctx package has defined an attribute employee_id as a particular employee identifier. You can secure the base table employees by creating a view that restricts access based on the value of employee_id, as follows:

CREATE VIEW hr_org_secure_view AS
   SELECT * FROM employees
   WHERE employee_id = SYS_CONTEXT('empno_ctx', 'employee_id');

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