Coherence includes facilities for managing and monitoring Coherence resources via the Java Management Extensions (JMX) API. JMX is a Java standard for managing and monitoring Java applications and services. It defines a management architecture, design patterns, APIs, and services for building general solutions to manage Java-enabled resources. This section assumes familiarity with JMX terminology. If you are new to JMX a good place to start is with this article.
To manage Coherence using JMX:
Coherence Enterprise Edition and higher support clustered JMX, allowing access to JMX statistics for the entire cluster from any member. Coherence Standard Edition provides only local JMX information.
If you would like to manage a Coherence cluster using JMX you will need to ensure that you have the necessary JMX 1.0 or later classes (javax.management.*) in the classpath of at least one Coherence cluster node, known as an MBeanServer host. The cluster nodes that are not MBeanServer hosts will be managed by the MBeanServer host(s) via the Coherence Invocation service.
All compliant J2SE 5.0 JREs and J2EE application servers supply a JMX 1.0 or later implementation; therefore, if the MBeanServer host node is running within a J2SE 5.0 JVM or J2EE application server, no additional actions are necessary. However, for standalone applications running within a pre-J2SE 5.0 JVM, you can download the necessary JMX libraries here and add them to the classpath.
In the majority of cases, enabling JMX management can be done by simply setting a Java system property on all Coherence cluster nodes that are acting as MBeanServer hosts:
and the following Java system property on all cluster nodes:
Note that the use of dedicated JMX cluster members is a common pattern. This approach avoids loading JMX software into every single cluster member, while still providing fault-tolerance should a single JMX member run into issues.
In general, the Coherence Management Framework is configured by the management-configuration operational configuration element in the Coherence Operational Configuration deployment descriptor (tangosol-coherence.xml). The following sub-elements control the behavior of the Management Framework:
For additional information on each of these attributes, please see the Operational Configuration Elements.
Once you have configured the Coherence Management Framework and launched one or more Coherence cluster nodes (at least one being an MBeanServer host) you will be able to view and manipulate the Coherence MBeans registered by all cluster nodes using standard JMX API calls. See the JavaDoc for com.tangosol.net.management.Registry for details on the various MBean types registered by Coherence clustered services.
Coherence ships with two examples that demonstrate accessing Coherence MBeans via JMX. The first uses the HttpAdapter that is shipped as part of the JMX reference implementation (jmxtools.jar). To run the example on a pre-J2SE 5.0 JVM, start the Coherence command line application using the following command on Windows (note that it is broken up into multiple lines here only for formatting purposes; this is a single command typed on one line):
Once the Coherence command line application has started, type "jmx 8082" and hit enter. This starts the HttpAdapter on http://localhost:8082 in the cluster node's JVM and makes the cluster node an MBeanServer host. You can now use the HttpAdapter web application to view and manipulate Coherence MBeans registered by all cluster nodes:
Alternatively, you can run this example with the Sun J2SE 5.0 JVM and use the JConsole utility included with the Sun J2SE 5.0 JDK to view and manipulate Coherence MBeans. To do so, start the Coherence command line application using the following command (note that it is broken up into multiple lines here only for formatting purposes; this is a single command typed on one line):
Once the Coherence command line application has started, launch the JConsole utility (located in the bin directory of the Sun J2SE 5.0 JDK distribution) and open a new connection to the JVM running the Coherence command line application:
The second example is a JSP page (JmxCacheExplorer.jsp) that displays basic information on each running Coherence cache using JMX API calls. You can find this example in the examples/jsp/explore directory under the root of your Coherence installation.
Additional JMX examples may be found on the Coherence Forums.
As of version 3.3, Coherence ships with a program to launch a cluster node as a dedicated MBeanServer host. This program provides access to Coherence MBeans via the JMX Remote API using RMI or the HTTP server provided by Sun's JMX RI. The RMI and HTTP ports are user configurable, allowing for access through a firewall. The server is started using the following command (note that it is broken up into multiple lines here only for formatting purposes; this is a single command typed on one line):
To allow access via JMX RMI, include the -rmi flag. To allow access via HTTP and a web browser, include the -http flag. Both flags may be included; however at least one must present for the node to start.
The following are optional properties that can be used for JMX RMI configuration:
|tangosol.coherence.management.remote.host||The host that the JMX server will bind to. Default is localhost. (NOTE: on Redhat Linux this may have to be changed to the host name or IP address)|
|tangosol.coherence.management.remote.registryport||The port used for the JMX RMI registry. Default is 9000.|
|tangosol.coherence.management.remote.connectionport||The port used for the JMX RMI connection. Default is 3000.|
The following are optional properties that can be used for HTTP configuration. (NOTE: This flag requires Sun's JMX RI in the classpath):
|tangosol.coherence.management.remote.httpport||The port used for the HTTP connection. Default is 8888.|
To connect via JConsole with default settings use the following command:
To connect via HTTP with default settings use the following URL: