2 Oracle Audit Vault Server Preinstallation Requirements

This chapter describes the following Oracle Audit Vault Server (Audit Vault Server) preinstallation requirements. This chapter includes the following sections:

2.1 Becoming Familiar with the Features of Oracle Audit Vault

To plan the installation process, you must be familiar with the features of Oracle Audit Vault. Oracle Audit Vault Administrator's Guide discusses the basic features of Oracle Audit Vault.

2.2 Installing as a User Name in the Administrators Group

On Microsoft Windows, Audit Vault Server must be installed by a Windows username in the Administrators group. The username is automatically added to the Windows local group ORA_DBA.

2.3 Checking the Hardware Requirements

Table 2-1 lists the required hardware components for Oracle Audit Vault Server.

Table 2-1 Hardware Requirements

Requirement Minimum Value

Physical memory (RAM)

256 MB minimum; 512 MB recommended

Virtual memory

Double the amount of RAM

Hard disk space

4.73 GB Total

See Table 2-2 for details.

Video adapter

256 colors


550 MHz minimum

2.3.1 Hard Disk Space Requirements

This section lists system requirements for Windows platforms that use the NT File System (NTFS) file systems. Note that FAT32 File Systems are not supported. Oracle recommends installing Oracle components on NTFS.

The NTFS system requirements listed in this section are more accurate than the hard disk values reported by the Oracle Universal Installer Summary window. The Summary window does not include the space required to create a database or the size of compressed files that are expanded on the hard drive.

The hard disk requirements for Oracle Database Client components include space required to install Java Runtime Environment (JRE) and Oracle Universal Installer on the partition where the operating system is installed. If sufficient space is not detected, then installation fails and an error message appears.

Table 2-2 lists the space requirements for NTFS.

Table 2-2 Disk Space Requirements for NTFS

TEMP Space Oracle Home Data Files Total

102 MB

3.38 GB

1.25 GB

4.73 GB

See Also:

"NTFS File System and Windows Registry Permissions" in Oracle Database Platform Guide for Microsoft Windows (32-Bit)

The 3.38 GB of disk space for the Oracle home is the disk space for the Oracle Audit Vault Server software files in the Oracle Base. The TEMP space required is 44 MB.

The 1.25 GB of disk space for the Oracle Audit Vault database files is only if the database storage option is on the file system. For other storage options, such as ASM, the database files will be stored elsewhere. Also, this 1.25 GB disk space is only the starting size. The Oracle Audit Vault administrator must take future growth of the database size into consideration, especially as the server collects more and more audit data.

To ensure that the system meets these requirements, perform the following tasks:

  1. Determine the physical RAM size. For a computer using Windows 2003, for example, open System in the Windows Control Panel and select the General tab. If the size of the physical RAM installed in the system is less than the required size, then you must install more memory before continuing.

  2. Determine the size of the configured virtual memory (also known as paging file size). For a computer using Windows 2003, for example, open System in the Control Panel, select the Advanced tab, and click Settings in the Performance section. Then select the Advanced tab. The virtual memory is listed in the Virtual Memory section.

    If necessary, see your operating system documentation for information about how to configure additional virtual memory.

  3. Determine the amount of free disk space on the system. For a computer using Windows 2003, for example, open My Computer, right-click the drive where the Oracle software is to be installed, and choose Properties.

  4. Determine the amount of disk space available in the temp directory. This is equivalent to the total amount of free disk space, minus what will be needed for the Oracle software to be installed.

    If there is less than 100 MB of disk space available in the temp directory, then first delete all unnecessary files. If the temp disk space is still less than 100 MB, then set the TEMP or TMP environment variable to point to a different hard drive. For a computer using Windows 2003, for example, open System in the Control Panel, select the Advanced tab, and click Environment Variables.

2.4 Checking the Operating System Requirements

Table 2-3 lists the software requirements for Audit Vault Server.


Oracle Universal Installer performs checks on your system to verify that it meets the listed requirements. To ensure that these checks pass, verify the requirements before you start Oracle Universal Installer.

Table 2-3 Software Requirements

Requirement Value

System Architecture

Processor: Intel (x86), AMD64, and Intel EM64T

Note: The 32-bit Audit Vault version, which this installation guide describes, runs on the 32-bit version of Windows on either x86 or x64 hardware.

For additional information, visit My Oracle Support (formerly OracleMetaLink) at:


Operating System

Oracle Audit Vault collection agent for Windows is supported on the following operating systems:

  • Windows 2000 with service pack 1 or later. All editions, including Terminal Services and Microsoft Windows 2000 MultiLanguage Edition (MLE), are supported.

  • Windows Server 2003 – all editions

  • Windows Server 2003 R2

  • Windows XP Professional (single instance only)

The underlying file system must be NTFS. A FAT32 file system is not supported; if a FAT32 file system is detected, the installation will not proceed.

Windows NT is not supported.

Windows Multilingual User Interface Pack is supported on Windows Server 2003, and Windows XP Professional.

Network protocol

The Oracle Net foundation layer uses Oracle protocol support to communicate with the following industry-standard network protocols:

  • TCP/IP

  • TCP/IP with SSL

  • Named Pipes

2.5 Reviewing Oracle Audit Vault Server Hardware and Software Certification

The platform-specific hardware and software requirements included in this installation guide were current at the time this guide was published. However, because new platforms and operating system software versions might be certified after this guide is published, review the certification matrix on the My Oracle Support Web site for the most up-to-date list of certified hardware platforms and operating system versions. This Web site also provides compatible client an database versions, patches, and workaround information for bugs. The My Oracle Support Web site is available at the following URL:


You must register online before using My Oracle Support. After logging in, select the More tab and then select Certifications. Under Find Certification Information, fill in the following fields: Product Line, select Oracle Database Products. Under Product Family, Product Area, and Product, select Oracle Audit Vault. Under Product Release, select 10gR2, and under Product Version, select Under Tier, Tier Product, and Tier Product Version, select the tier products that apply to your site. Under Platform, Platform Version, and Certification Status, select the platform information that applies to your site. Then click Search.

The following sections provide certification information:

2.5.1 Windows Telnet Services Support

Windows 2000, Windows 2003, and Windows XP include a Telnet Service that allows remote users to log on to the operating system and run console programs using the command line. Oracle supports database command line utilities such as sqlplus, sqlldr, import, and export using this feature, but does not support the database GUI tools such as Oracle Universal Installer, Database Configuration Assistant, and Oracle Net Configuration Assistant.


Ensure that the Telnet service is started on the Windows Services utility.

2.5.2 Windows Terminal Services and Remote Desktop Support

Oracle supports installing, configuring, and running Oracle Database through Terminal Services on Windows 2000, Windows 2003, and Windows XP. If you encounter problems with the installation through Terminal Server, Oracle recommends that you try connecting to the Terminal Services console session of the server (using mstsc/console).

Platform-specific support information is as follows:

  • Windows 2000: Oracle supports installing, configuring, and running Oracle Database from a remote Terminal Services Client.

  • Windows 2003: You can configure Windows 2003 to use Terminal Services in Remote Desktop for Administration Mode or Terminal Server Mode.

  • Windows XP: The Remote Desktop is only available in Single User Mode.

See Also:

2.5.3 Windows Support

The following components are not supported on Windows XP as stated:

  • DCE Adapter Support

  • Entrust PKI Support

  • Generic Connectivity

  • Oracle Messaging Gateway

  • Oracle Real Application Clusters, including Cluster File System and Server Management

  • Oracle Clusterware

  • nCipher Accelerator Support

  • Oracle Fail Safe Server.

2.5.4 Web Browser Support

The following Web browsers are supported for iSQL*Plus and Oracle Enterprise Manager Database Control:

  • Netscape Navigator 7.2 and later

  • Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0

  • Mozilla version 1.7 and later

  • Safari 1.2

  • Firefox 1.0.4

2.6 Checking the Network Setup

Typically, the computer on which you want to install Oracle Audit Vault Server is connected to the network, has local storage to contain the Oracle Audit Vault Server installation, has a display monitor, and has a CD-ROM or DVD drive.

This section describes how to install Oracle Audit Vault on computers that do not meet the typical scenario. It covers the following cases:

2.6.1 Installing on DHCP Computers

Dynamic host configuration protocol (DHCP) assigns dynamic IP addresses on a network. Dynamic addressing enables a computer to have a different IP address each time it connects to the network. In some cases, the IP address can change while the computer is still connected. You can have a mixture of static and dynamic IP addressing in a DHCP system.

In a DHCP setup, the software tracks IP addresses, which simplifies network administration. This lets you add a new computer to the network without having to manually assign that computer a unique IP address.

Do not install Audit Vault Server in an environment where the IP addresses of the Audit Vault Server or the Oracle Audit Vault collection agent can change. If your environment uses DHCP, ensure that all Oracle Audit Vault systems use static IP addresses.

2.6.2 Installing on Multi-homed Computers

You can install Oracle Audit Vault on a multi-homed computer. A multiple-homed computer has multiple network cards, which in turn, allows it to have multiple IP addresses. Each IP address is associated with a host name. In addition, you can set up aliases for the host name. By default, Oracle Universal Installer uses the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable setting to find the host name. If the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable is not set and you are installing Oracle Audit Vault on a computer that has multiple network cards, then Oracle Universal Installer determines the host name by using the first entry in the hosts file, typically located in SYSTEM_DRIVE:\WINDOWS\system32\drivers\etc on Windows 2003 and Windows XP, or on Windows 2000 SYSTEM_DRIVE:\WINNIT\system32\drivers\etc.

Clients must be able to access the computer either by using this host name or by using aliases for this host name. To verify this, ping the host name from the client computers using the short name (host name only) and the full name (host name and domain name). Both tests must be successful.

Setting the ORACLE_HOSTNAME Environment Variable

To set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable:

  1. Display System in the Windows Control Panel.

  2. In the System Properties dialog box, click Advanced.

  3. In the Advanced tab, click Environment Variables.

  4. In the Environment Variables dialog box, under System Variables, click New.

  5. In the New System Variable dialog box, enter the following information:

    • Variable name: ORACLE_HOSTNAME

    • Variable value: The host name of the computer that you want to use.

  6. Click OK, then in the Environment Variables dialog box, click OK.

  7. Click OK in the Environment Variables dialog box, then in the System Properties dialog box, click OK.

2.6.3 Installing on Computers with Multiple Aliases

A computer with multiple aliases is registered with the naming service under a single IP address. The naming service resolves all of those aliases to the same computer. Before installing Oracle Audit Vault on a computer with multiple aliases, set the ORACLE_HOSTNAME environment variable to the computer whose host name you want to use.

2.7 Creating Directories for Oracle Audit Vault Database Files

If you choose to place the Oracle Audit Vault database files on a file system, then use the following guidelines when deciding where to place them:

  • The default path suggested by Oracle Universal Installer for the database file directory is a subdirectory of the Oracle base directory.

  • You can choose either a single file system or more than one file system to store the database files:

    • If you want to use a single file system, then choose a file system on a physical device that is dedicated to the database.

      For best performance and reliability, choose a RAID device or a logical volume on more than one physical device and implement the stripe-and-mirror-everything (SAME) methodology.

    • If you want to use more than one file system, then choose file systems on separate physical devices that are dedicated to the database.

      This method enables you to distribute physical I/O and create separate control files on different devices for increased reliability. It also enables you to fully implement the OFA guidelines.

  • For optimum performance, the file systems that you choose should be on physical devices that are used only by the database.

  • The user with Administrators privilege or who is a member of the ORA_DBA group performing the installation has write permissions to create the files in the path that you specify.

2.8 Setting the Correct Locale

Ensure that the NLS_LANG environment variable is not set. From the Start Bar, select Settings, then from the Control Panel double click System, select the Advanced tab, select Environment Variables, then under System Variables look for NLS_LANG. If NLS_LANG is set, remove the setting by selecting it and clicking Delete, and then click OK to save your change.