3 Common Installation Tasks

This chapter describes some common tasks that should be performed prior to beginning any Oracle Fusion Middleware installation.

The following topics are covered:

3.1 Before You Begin

This section contains important information that you should read before you begin to install or upgrade your system:

3.1.1 Review System Requirements and Specifications

Before performing any upgrade or installation you should read the system requirements documentation to ensure that your environment meets the minimum installation requirements for the products you are installing.

The system requirements document covers information such as hardware and software requirements, minimum disk space and memory requirements, and required system libraries, packages, or patches:


3.1.2 Review Certification Information

Before performing any upgrade or installation you should read the certification document. The certification document covers supported installation types, platforms, operating systems, databases, JDKs, and third-party products:


3.1.3 Read and Understand Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts

If you are new to Oracle Fusion Middleware, you should read Chapter 2, "Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts" to familiarize yourself with some of the concepts and terminology you will encounter. You should also be familiar with the concepts described in Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts before proceeding with an installation or upgrade.

3.1.4 Obtain the Oracle Fusion Middleware Software

Table 3-1 describes the Oracle Web sites where you can download the latest Oracle Fusion Middleware software.

Table 3-1 Where to Download Oracle Fusion Middleware

Oracle Web Site Purpose and Location

Oracle Technology Network

If you are a developer, go to the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) to download Oracle software under the terms of the OTN Developer License:


For more information, refer to the Download and Certification Frequently Asked Questions document, which is available by clicking the FAQ icon on the main Middleware download page.

Note: Oracle Technology Network requires free registration.

My Oracle Support

If you are a customer with a valid support agreement with Oracle and you want to download software updates and fixes, then go to My Oracle Support:


To obtain the specific patch set numbers for your installation, as well as additional information about maintaining your software, refer to My Oracle Support document ID 1073776.1.

Oracle E-Delivery

If you have purchased an Oracle software license and you want to download software under the terms of that license, or if you want to download Oracle software under the terms of the Oracle Electronic Delivery Trial License then go to Oracle E-Delivery:


3.1.5 Install Oracle WebLogic Server

Most Oracle Fusion Middleware products require the presence of Oracle WebLogic Server.

When you install Oracle WebLogic Server, the installer creates a Middleware home directory, then a WebLogic Server home directory under Middleware home directory. When you install your Oracle Fusion Middleware product, an Oracle home for your product and Oracle Common home (oracle_common) directories are created. The product Oracle home contains the product binaries and support files, and the Oracle Common home contains the binary and library files required for the Oracle Enterprise Manager Fusion Middleware Control and Java Required Files (JRF).

When you configure your Oracle Fusion Middleware product to create a domain, a product domain directory is created inside the user projects directory. The product domain directory contains the Administration Server and other managed servers that host the various product components.

To determine the version of WebLogic Server required for your installation, refer to "Oracle WebLogic Server Information" in the System Requirement document:


For instructions on how to install Oracle WebLogic Server, "Running the Installation Program in Graphical Mode" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server.

For more information about the Oracle Fusion Middleware directory structure, refer to Chapter 2, "Oracle Fusion Middleware Concepts".

3.1.6 Install and Configure a Database

Some Oracle Fusion Middleware products, such as Oracle SOA Suite and Oracle WebCenter, require an metadata repository with schemas before those products can be successfully configured. To create or update schemas in a database, use the Repository Creation Utility (RCU).


It is recommended that all metadata repositories reside on a database at the same site as the products to minimize network latency issues.

For more information about managing metadata repositories, refer to "Managing the Oracle Metadata Repository" in Oracle Application Server Administrator's Guide.

For more information about running RCU, refer to Oracle Fusion Middleware Repository Creation Utility User's Guide.

3.1.7 Create Operating System Users for IBM DB2 Databases

If you are not using an IBM DB2 database, you can skip this section.

IBM DB2 databases authenticates its database users using equivalent operating system users. Therefore, prior to running RCU, one operating system user must be created on the database host for each schema. The operating system user name must match the schema owner name and must contain only lowercase letters; no all-uppercase or mixed-case names are allowed. For example, if you plan to create a schema named DEV_MDS using RCU, then the operating system user must be named dev_mds (all lowercase letters).

You can create the operating system user with the following command (this example creates the operating system user dev_mds and assigns the password welcome1):

/usr/sbin/useradd dev_mds -p welcome1 -d /scratch/dev_mds

Refer to your system documentation for more information.

3.2 Installing and Configuring Java Access Bridge (Windows Only)

If you are installing on a Windows operating system, you have the option of installing and configuring Java Access Bridge for Section 508 Accessibility. For more information on how to do this, refer to "Install and Configure Java Access Bridge (Windows Only)" in Oracle Application Server Administrator's Guide.

3.3 Installing on DHCP Hosts

If you are installing your Oracle Fusion Middleware product on a DHCP host, you must follow the configuration steps in this section for your platform.

3.3.1 For Linux x86 Platforms

On Linux x86 operating systems, configure the host to resolve host names to the loopback IP address by modifying the /etc/hosts file to contain the following entries: hostname.domainname hostname localhost.localdomain localhost

After doing so, check that the host name resolves to the loopback IP address by entering the following command:

/bin/ping hostname.domainname

3.3.2 For Windows x86 Platforms

On Windows operating systems, install a loopback adapter on the DHCP server (see Section 3.3.3, "Installing a Loopback Adapter (Windows Only)"). This assigns a local IP address to your computer.

After installing the adapter, add a line to the %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts file with the following format, immediately after the localhost line:

IP_address   hostname.domainname   hostname

Replace IP_address with the local IP address of the loopback adapter.

3.3.3 Installing a Loopback Adapter (Windows Only)

To install a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:

  1. Open the Windows Control Panel.

    Windows 2003: Select Start > Control Panel > Add Hardware.

    Windows XP: Select Start > Control Panel, then double-click Add Hardware.

  2. In the "Welcome" window, click Next.

  3. In the "Is the hardware connected?" window, select Yes, I have already connected the hardware, then click Next.

  4. In the "The following hardware is already installed on your computer" window, in the list of installed hardware, select Add a new hardware device, then click Next.

  5. In the "The wizard can help you install other hardware" window, select Install the hardware that I manually select from a list, then click Next.

  6. In the "From the list of hardware types, select the type of hardware you are installing" window, select Network adapters, then click Next.

  7. In the "Select Network Adapter" window, make the following selections:

    • Manufacturer: Microsoft

    • Network Adapter: Microsoft Loopback Adapter

  8. Click Next.

  9. In the "The wizard is ready to install your hardware" window, click Next.

  10. In the "Completing the Add Hardware Wizard" window, click Finish.

  11. If you are using Windows 2003, restart your computer.

  12. Right-click My Network Places on the desktop and choose Properties. This displays the Network Connections Control Panel.

  13. Right-click the connection that was just created. This is usually named "Local Area Connection 2". Choose Properties.

  14. On the "General" tab, select Internet Protocol (TCP/IP), then click Properties.

  15. In the "Properties" dialog box, click Use the following IP address and do the following:

    1. IP Address: Enter a non-routable IP for the loopback adapter. Oracle recommends the following non-routable addresses:

      192.168.x.x (x is any value between 1 and 255)
    2. Subnet mask: Enter

    3. Record the values you entered, which you will need later in this procedure.

    4. Leave all other fields empty.

    5. Click OK.

  16. In the "Local Area Connection 2 Properties" dialog, click OK.

  17. Close Network Connections.

  18. Restart the computer.

3.3.4 Removing a Loopback Adapter (Windows Only)

To remove a loopback adapter on Windows 2003 or Windows XP:

  1. Start the System Control panel.

    Windows 2003: Select Start > Control Panel > System.

    Windows XP: Select Start > Control Panel, then double-click System.

  2. In the "Hardware" tab, click Device Manager.

  3. In the "Device Manager" window, expand Network adapters. You should see Microsoft Loopback Adapter.

  4. Right-click Microsoft Loopback Adapter and select Uninstall.

  5. Click OK.

3.4 Installing on a Non-Networked Computer

You can install your Oracle Fusion Middleware product on a non-networked computer, such as a laptop. Because a non-networked computer has no access to other computers, you have to install all the components that you need on the computer.

In addition, you must follow the instructions in Section 3.3, "Installing on DHCP Hosts" to install a loopback adapter and modify the hosts file on your system.

3.5 Installing on a Multihomed Computer

You can install your Oracle Fusion Middleware product on a multihomed computer. A multihomed computer is associated with multiple IP addresses. This is typically achieved by having multiple network cards on the computer. Each IP address is associated with a host name; additionally, you can set up aliases for each hostname.

The installer picks up the fully qualified domain name from the first entry in /etc/hosts (on UNIX operating systems) or %SYSTEMROOT%\system32\drivers\etc\hosts (on Windows operating systems) file. So if your file looks like the following: localhost.localdomain localhost
10.222.333.444 myhost1.mycompany.com myhost1
20.222.333.444 devhost2.mycompany.com devhost2

myhost1.mycompany.com would be picked for configuration.

For specific network configuration of a system component, refer to the individual component's configuration documentation.

3.6 Creating and Starting Managed Servers on a Remote Machine

To create and start a Managed Server in a WebLogic domain on a remote machine, complete the following steps:

  • Use the pack command located in the WebLogic_Home/common/bin (on UNIX operating systems) or WebLogic_Home\common\bin (on Windows operating systems) directory to create a Managed Server template that contains a subset of the files in a domain that are required to create a Managed Server domain directory hierarchy on a remote machine.

    The -managed={true|false} parameter of the pack command specifies whether the template is to be used to create Managed Servers on remote machines.

  • Use the unpack command located in the WebLogic_Home/common/bin (on UNIX operating systems) or WebLogic_Home\common\bin (on Windows operating systems) directory to create the Managed Server domain directory on the remote machine.

For more information, see the "Creating and Starting a Managed Server on a Remote Machine" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Creating Templates and Domains Using the Pack and Unpack Commands.