This manual describes how to build portlets for Oracle Portal (Oracle Portal) using a variety of tools and technologies. This manual includes information that helps you understand the various technology choices open to you, choose the technology that best meets your requirements, and use the appropriate tools to build and deploy your portlets.

Intended Audience

This manual is intended primarily for portal developers, but page designers may also find it useful. This manual guides you through the process of first understanding and choosing a portlet technology, and then building your portlets with that technology.

What Is a Portal Developer? A portal developer is a user who writes code to help make a portal meet the specific requirements of an organization. For example, a portal developer may build portlets and make them available to page designers and other users for inclusion on their pages. This type of portal developer is also referred to as a portlet developer. A portal developer may also use the public APIs provided with OracleAS Portal to perform certain portal tasks programmatically, rather than through the product's user interface. A portal developer will generally, although not always, be someone with at least some programming knowledge. The privileges assigned to a portal developer depend on the type of tasks that developer performs.

What Is a Portlet Developer? A portlet developer is a user with the following global privileges: Create All Portal DB Providers and Manage All Shared Components. Since OracleAS Portal offers such a wide spectrum of tools and technologies for building portlets, a portlet developer may or may not have substantial programming background.


You can find information on using Portlet Builder in Appendix A "Creating Portlets with the Portlet Builder" of the Oracle Fusion Middleware Developer's Guide for Oracle Portal 10g Release 2 (10.1.4) in the Oracle Fusion Middleware 10g Release 2 ( library located on the Oracle Technology Network (OTN) (

What Is a Page Designer? A page designer, also known as a page manager, is a user with the Manage privilege on a page. A user with this privilege can perform any action on the page and can create sub-pages under the page. The page designer is often responsible for designing the layout (or region configuration) of the page and assigning privileges on the page to other users (for example, to determine who can add content to the page).

The scope of a page designer's control over a page may be limited if the page is based on a template.

More on Portal Center

For information about the different privileges in Oracle Portal and how these affect the tasks you can perform, see the Oracle Portal User's Guide.


For the portable document format (PDF) version of this manual, when a URL breaks onto two lines, the full URL data is not sent to the browser when you click it. To get to the correct target of any URL included in the PDF, copy and paste the URL into your browser's address field. In the HTML version of this manual, you can click a link to directly display its target in your browser.

Documentation Accessibility

Our goal is to make Oracle products, services, and supporting documentation accessible to all users, including users that are disabled. To that end, our documentation includes features that make information available to users of assistive technology. This documentation is available in HTML format, and contains markup to facilitate access by the disabled community. Accessibility standards will continue to evolve over time, and Oracle is actively engaged with other market-leading technology vendors to address technical obstacles so that our documentation can be accessible to all of our customers. For more information, visit the Oracle Accessibility Program Web site at

Accessibility of Code Examples in Documentation

Screen readers may not always correctly read the code examples in this document. The conventions for writing code require that closing braces should appear on an otherwise empty line; however, some screen readers may not always read a line of text that consists solely of a bracket or brace.

Accessibility of Links to External Web Sites in Documentation

This documentation may contain links to Web sites of other companies or organizations that Oracle does not own or control. Oracle neither evaluates nor makes any representations regarding the accessibility of these Web sites.

Deaf/Hard of Hearing Access to Oracle Support Services

To reach Oracle Support Services, use a telecommunications relay service (TRS) to call Oracle Support at 1.800.223.1711. An Oracle Support Services engineer will handle technical issues and provide customer support according to the Oracle service request process. Information about TRS is available at, and a list of phone numbers is available at

Related Documents

For more information, see the following manuals in the Oracle Portal documentation set:


You can find all documentation related to Oracle Portal on the Oracle Fusion Middleware Documentation Library.

You may also find the following manuals in the Oracle Fusion Middleware documentation set useful:


You can find documentation related to Oracle Fusion Middleware on OTN (


The following text conventions are used in this document:

Convention Meaning
boldface Boldface type indicates graphical user interface elements associated with an action, or terms defined in text or the glossary.
italic Italic type indicates book titles, emphasis, or placeholder variables for which you supply particular values.
monospace Monospace type indicates commands within a paragraph, URLs, code in examples, text that appears on the screen, or text that you enter.
< > Angle brackets enclose user-supplied names.
[ ] Brackets enclose optional clauses from which you can choose one or none.
... Ellipsis points in an example mean that information not directly related to the example has been omitted.
MW_HOME Represents the full path of the Middleware home.
ORACLE_HOME Represents the full path of the Oracle home.
ORACLE_INSTANCE Represents the full path of the instance home associated with ORACLE_HOME.
INFRA_ORACLE_HOME Represents the full path of the Oracle Application Server Infrastructure Oracle home, and is used where it is necessary to distinguish between the middle tier, Oracle Application Server Infrastructure, or Oracle Metadata Repository.
METADATA_REP_ORACLE_HOME Represents the full path of the OracleAS Infrastructure home containing the Oracle Metadata Repository, and is used where it is necessary to distinguish between the middle tier, Oracle Application Server Infrastructure, or Oracle Metadata Repository.