The JMS SAF (store-and-forward) feature builds on the WebLogic SAF service to provide highly-available JMS message production. For example, a JMS message producer connected to a local server instance can reliably forward messages to a remote JMS destination, even though that remote destination may be temporarily unavailable when the message was sent. JMS SAF is transparent to JMS applications; therefore, JMS client code still uses the existing JMS APIs to access remote destinations.
The following sections explain:
Note:The WebLogic SAF client provides a mechanism whereby standalone clients can reliably send JMS messages to server-side JMS destinations, even when the SAF client cannot reach the JMS destination due to a network connection failure (e.g., a temporary blip or a network failure). While disconnected, messages sent by a SAF client are stored locally on the client and are forwarded to server-side JMS destinations once the client is reconnected. See "Reliably Sending Messages Using the JMS SAF Client" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming Stand-alone Clients for Oracle WebLogic Server.
JMS configuration resources are stored outside of the WebLogic domain as module descriptor files, which are defined by XML documents that conform to the
weblogic-jmsmd.xsd schema. JMS modules also provide the configuration of SAF resources that allow WebLogic Server to store-and-forward JMS messages. For more information on JMS modules, see "Understanding JMS Resource Configuration" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
When configuring SAF resources for a JMS module, you need to configure the following resources in a JMS system module or application module:
Once your JMS SAF resources are configured, a configured SAF sending agent forwards messages to the receiving side; re-transmits messages when acknowledgements do not come back in time; and, if message persistence is required, temporarily stores messages in persistent storage. For more information on configuring SAF agents, see Chapter 2, "Understanding the Store-and-Forward Service."
JMS SAF is transparent to JMS applications. Existing JMS applications can take advantage of this feature without any code changes. In fact, you only need to configure imported JMS destinations within JMS modules, which then associate remote JMS destinations to local JNDI names. JMS client code still uses the existing JMS APIs to access the imported destinations. JMS store-and-forward is only for message production; therefore, JMS clients still need to consume messages directly from imported destinations.
A SAF destination (queue or topic) is a local representation of a JMS destination (queue or topic) in a JMS module that is associated with a remote server instance or cluster. Such remote destinations are imported into the local cluster or server instance so that the local server instance or cluster can send messages to the remote server instance or cluster. All JMS destinations are automatically exported by default, unless the Export SAF Destination parameter on the destination is explicitly disabled.
A collection of imported SAF destinations is called SAF imported destinations. Each collection of imported destinations is associated with a SAF remote context. They can also share the same JNDI prefix, time-to-live default (message expiration time), and SAF error handling object.
When a JMS producer sends messages to a SAF destination, these messages are stored on the SAF destination for future delivery. A SAF agent forwards the messages to the remote JMS destination (that the imported destination represents) when the destination is reachable, using the SAF Remote Context.
A remote SAF context defines the URL of the remote server instance or cluster where the JMS destination is exported from. It also contains the security credentials to be authenticated and authorized in the remote cluster or server. A SAF remote context configuration is required to use imported destinations. A remote SAF context can be re-used by multiple SAF imported destination configurations.
Here's an example of an URL used when a remote SAF context defines a single, remote managed server from which it will import standalone JMS destinations:
<URL> t3://18.104.22.168:7001 </URL>
To import a distributed destination from a remote cluster you need to supply a comma-delimited list of DNS Server names or IP addresses. Here's an example of an URL used when a remote SAF context defines a remote cluster from which it will import distributed destination members:
<URL> t3://22.214.171.124:7001,126.96.36.199:7002,188.8.131.52:7003 </URL>
For more information about specifying the initial point of contact with a WebLogic Cluster, see "Using WebLogic JNDI in a Clustered Environment" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming JNDI for Oracle WebLogic Server.
SAF error handling resources define the action to be taken when the SAF service fails to forward messages to a remote destination. SAF error handling resources are not required for imported SAF destinations, but are recommended as a best practice.
Configuration options include the following parameters:
Error Handling Policy:
Discard – By default, expired messages are simply removed from the system. The removal is not logged and the message is not redirected to another location.
Log – Removes expired messages and writes an entry to the server log file indicating that the messages were removed from the system. You define the actual information that will be logged in the Log Format field.
Redirect – Moves expired messages from their current location into the Error Destination defined for imported SAF destinations.
Always-Forward – Ignores the SAF Default Time-to-Live value set on the imported destination and the expiration time set on the message, and so forwards the message to a remote destination even after it has expired. This options is useful for situations where an application has expiration policies set up on the remote destination, and they want that messages still go through the expiration process on the remote destination.
Log Format – If you selected the Log policy in previous step, use this field to define what information about the message is logged.
Error Destination – If you select the Redirect policy, use this field to select a local SAF destination where you want expired messages to be redirected.
Figure 3-1 illustrates how JMS messages that are produced to the
QueueSend queue in Domain1Module-jms.xml module in Domain1 are forwarded by a SAF agent to the
QueueReceive queue in the Domain2Module-jms.xml module in remote Domain2.
There are a number of ways to create SAF resources in a JMS module.
The WebLogic Server Administration Console enables you to configure, modify, target, monitor, and delete JMS system modules and JMS system resources in your environment. For a road map of the JMS SAF resource configuration tasks, see "Configure JMS SAF" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
The WebLogic Scripting Tool (WLST) enables you to create and manage JMS servers and JMS system resources. For more information, see "Using WLST to Manage JMS Servers and JMS System Module Resources" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
WebLogic Java Management Extensions (JMX) enables you to access the
SAFErrorHandlingBean management MBeans to create and manage the SAF resources in JMS modules. For more information, see "Overview of WebLogic Server Subsystem MBeans" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Developing Custom Management Utilities With JMX for Oracle WebLogic Server.
JMS Module Helper Extension APIs enable you to locate JMS runtime MBeans, as well as methods to manage (locate/create/delete) JMS system module configuration resources in a given module. For more information, see "Using JMS Module Helper to Manage Applications" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server or
JMSModuleHelper in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server API Reference.
These are the main steps when using the Administration Console to configure the SAF resources for forwarding JMS messages to remote destinations.
On the local sending side domain, configure a SAF sending agent, as described in "Create Store-and-Forward agents" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
If necessary, create JMS system modules on both the sending and receiving side to contain your JMS destination resources, as described in "Configure JMS system modules" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
For more information, see "JMS System Modules" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
In the sending side JMS module, configure a new remote SAF context resource to define the URL of the receiving side where the remote queue or topic is exported from. For step-by-step instructions, see "Create SAF remote contexts" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
In the sending side JMS module, optionally configure a SAF error handling configuration to define the action to be taken when the SAF service fails to forward messages to a remote destination. For step-by-step instructions, see "Create SAF error handling resources" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
In the sending-side JMS module, configure a SAF imported destination and associate it with the remote SAF context and SAF error handling resources you created in the module. For step-by-step instructions, see "Create SAF imported destinations in JMS system modules" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help.
Reopen the SAF imported destination you created, and configure a SAF queue and/or SAF topic to represent the remote queue and/or topic on the receiving side. The SAF queue or topic uses the same JNDI name as the remote queue or topic. For step-by-step instructions, see:
By default, all JMS destinations are available for access by SAF imported destinations. However, you can selectively specify not to export a destination by changing the destination's SAF Export Policy value to None. This way, remote users cannot send messages to a destination using store-and-forward.
Use the following information to help you design and configure a WebLogic SAF for storing and forwarding JMS messages.
Persistent JMS messages are always forwarded with Exactly-Once QOS provided by the SAF service. For non-persistent messages, three different QOS levels can be defined on imported SAF queues and topics:
Exactly-once—The highest QOS guarantees that a message is forwarded to the remote endpoint once and only once. With Exactly-once, messages survive server crashes and network down time, while guaranteeing one occurrence of each message at the endpoint.
At-least-once—Guarantees that a message is forwarded to the remote endpoint at least once, but with the possibility of duplicates. With At-least-once, multiple copies of a message might show up on the remote endpoint because of network failures or server crashes that occur when the message is in transit.
At-most-once—The lowest QOS guarantees that each message is forwarded to the remote endpoint only once, if at all. It does not guarantee that a message is forwarded to the endpoint. With At-most-once, messages may get lost because of network failures or server crashes. No duplicate messages will reach the endpoint.
A SAF application can also specify a delivery mode for each message, as follows:
Persistent messages are saved in the persistent store on the sending side until they are successfully forwarded to and acknowledged by the receiving side.
Non-persistent messages are kept in memory on the sending side until the receiving side acknowledges them. This means that non-persistent messages can be lost if the sending side crashes.
Within a cluster, a JMS producer can be associated with a message unit-of-order, which enables a stand-alone message producer, or a group of producers acting as one, to group messages into a single unit with respect to the processing order. For more information about JMS Unit-of-Order, see "Using Message Unit-of-Order" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Imported SAF destinations can use either a Hash Map or a Path Service to group ordered messages in a cluster. However, as a best practice, you should configure a Path Service. The Path Service is a persistent map that can be used to store the mapping of a group of messages to a messaging resource such as a SAF agent. For more information about configuring a Path service, see "Using the WebLogic Path Service" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
If an application message is in a transaction, saving the message in the persistent storage becomes part of the user transaction to preserve Exactly-Once semantics.
In particular, the message will be removed from the persistent storage as part of the transaction rollback if the application decides to rollback the transaction. However, forwarding is not part of the application transaction. The sending agent will not forward a transactional message until the transaction commits. Within a transaction, message ordering is preserved based on when the messages are sent.
JMS store-and-forward can compress messages when they are forwarded between different clusters. A message compression threshold can be set programmatically using a JMS API extension to the
WLMessageProducer interface, or administratively by either specifying a Default Compression Threshold value on a connection factory or on a JMS remote SAF context.
For more information, on using message compression for JMS messages, see "Compressing Messages" in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Performance and Tuning for Oracle WebLogic Server.
When an uncompressed message that exceeds the remote SAF context's compression threshold value is about to be forwarded across the SAF boundary, it is compressed. The message stays compressed until it is received by the remote endpoint. If the message has already been compressed when it crosses the SAF boundary because the compression is turned on the connection factory, the message will stay compressed across SAF boundary no matter if the SAF compression is triggered or not.
A remote endpoint can be a distributed destination. Messages to a remote distributed destination are stored and forwarded in the same way as messages that are forward to remote standalone destinations. The SAF sending agent routes the messages to a member of the distributed destination the same way as we do currently. For more information on configuring distributed destinations, see "Configuring Distributed Destinations" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Configuring and Managing JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
Generally, JMS applications can use the
JMSReplyTo header field to advertise its temporary destination name to other applications. However, the use of temporary destinations with a
JMSReplyTo field is not supported for SAF imported destinations.
For more information on using JMS temporary destinations, see "Using Temporary Destinations" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Programming JMS for Oracle WebLogic Server.
The following security measures apply to SAF imported destinations.
Secure roles and policies can be set on imported SAF queues and topics. For more information on configuring roles and policies, see the following sections in the Oracle Fusion Middleware Oracle WebLogic Server Administration Console Help:
The SAF service does not preserve a message's
JMSXUserID across SAF boundaries. A JMSXUserID is a system generated property that identifies the user sending the message. JMSXUserID is defined in the JMS Specification, published by Sun Microsystems, Inc., at