1 Installation Overview

Oracle WebCenter, an Oracle Fusion Middleware component, is an integrated suite of components designed for creating portals, web sites, and composite applications. This chapter provides an overview of Oracle WebCenter and outlines the tasks involved in installing and configuring it.

This chapter includes the following sections:

1.1 Oracle WebCenter Components

Oracle WebCenter combines the standards-based, declarative development of Java Server Faces (JSF), the flexibility and power of portals, and a set of integrated Oracle WebCenter services to boost end-user productivity. With the set of components offered through Oracle WebCenter, you can create social applications, enterprise portals, composite applications, and Internet/Intranet web sites.

Oracle WebCenter includes the following components:

  • Oracle WebCenter Framework

    Provides the ability to embed portlets, content, and customizable components into WebCenter applications—WebCenter Spaces and WebCenter Portal applications.

    Oracle WebCenter Framework is automatically installed when you install Oracle WebCenter.

  • Oracle WebCenter Spaces

    Offers a single, integrated, web-based environment for social networking, communication, and personal productivity through a robust set of services and applications.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle Portlet Producers

    Supports deployment and execution of both standards-based portlets (JSR 286 and WSRP 1.0 and 2.0) and traditional Oracle PDK-Java based portlets. Includes the following preconfigured portlet producers: OmniPortlet, Web Clipping, WSRP Parameter Form Portlet, sample WSRP portlet producers, and sample PDK-Java portlet producers.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle WebCenter Discussions Server

    Supports integration of discussion forums and announcements into WebCenter applications.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle WebCenter Pagelet Producer

    Provides the ability to create and manage a diverse set of web resources—applications, components, and programmable functions—and blend those resources together into existing web applications or new, developer-driven mashups. It enables you to use a wide variety of web technologies, such as AJAX, REST, and JavaScript, to build pagelets.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle WebCenter Analytics Collector

    Delivers comprehensive reporting on activity and content usage within portals and composite applications.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle WebCenter Activity Graph Engines

    Provides a central repository for actions that are collected by enterprise applications. Actions include tasks such as making a connection, uploading a document, visiting a discussion forum, and so on. Enables users to analyze various statistics collected by WebCenter Analytics. The output of a WebCenter Activity Graph analysis is the collected scores for objects and users, which are used to give recommendations.

    Configuring this component is optional.

  • Oracle WebCenter Personalization

    Provides the ability to deliver application content to targeted users based on selected criteria.

    Configuring this component is optional.

1.2 Oracle WebCenter Installation Roadmap

Figure 1-1 shows the directory structure of an Oracle WebCenter installation on a single host, using all of the default values.

Figure 1-1 Directory Structure of Oracle WebCenter Installation

Description of Figure 1-1 follows
Description of "Figure 1-1 Directory Structure of Oracle WebCenter Installation"

Table 1-1 describes the high-level tasks for installing and configuring Oracle WebCenter, and specifies whether these tasks are mandatory or optional. The table also includes documentation links that you can access to get more details about each task.

Table 1-1 Oracle WebCenter Installation Procedure

Task Description Mandatory or Optional? Documentation

Task 1 - Prepare your system environment for installation

Ensure that your system environment meets the general installation requirements for Oracle Fusion Middleware, Oracle WebCenter, and Repository Creation Utility (RCU).

Oracle WebCenter requires the availability of a supported database. Ensure that you have a supported database up and running.


For system requirements information, go to:


For the latest information about supported databases, see the Oracle Fusion Middleware Supported System Configurations page on Oracle Technology Network at:


Task 2 - Create WebCenter schemas

Use the RCU to create WebCenter schemas.

Note: If you are using an IBM DB2 database, make sure you create the operating system users (one for each schema) before running the RCU.


In Oracle Fusion Middleware Repository Creation Utility User's Guide, refer to the following sections:

  • See section "Oracle WebCenter Schemas" for information about WebCenter schemas that must be created depending on the WebCenter components you plan to install.

  • See section "Creating Schemas" for information about how to create schemas.

Task 3 - Install Oracle WebLogic Server

Install Oracle WebLogic Server.


See the Oracle Fusion Middleware Certification Document to determine the exact version required for your installation:


See "Product Distribution" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server for instructions on how to download the latest Oracle WebLogic Server.

See "Running the Installation Program in Graphical Mode" in Oracle Fusion Middleware Installation Guide for Oracle WebLogic Server for installation instructions.

Task 4 - Install Oracle WebCenter

Use the WebCenter installer to install Oracle WebCenter.

The installer lays down the binaries for all Oracle WebCenter products.

Within the Middleware home directory, the installer creates the Oracle home directory (Oracle_WC1 by default) and the Oracle Common home directory (oracle_common), as shown in Figure 1-1.


Chapter 2, "Installing Oracle WebCenter"

Task 5 - Configure Oracle WebCenter

Create a domain for Oracle WebCenter and choose the components you want to install.

The Configuration Wizard creates the Domain home and Application home directories, along with the domain for the products you choose to configure. The Domain home and Application home directories can reside anywhere on your system.

While creating your WebCenter domain, if you choose not to configure one or more WebCenter components, you can add them later by extending your WebCenter domain.


Chapter 3, "Configuring Oracle WebCenter"

Task 6 - Start the Administration Server and managed servers

To start Oracle WebCenter, you must first start the Administration Server.

To start working with any Oracle WebCenter component, you must start the managed server to which that component is deployed. You can then access the component's URL and configure the component according to your requirements.


Section 3.2.1, "Starting the Servers"

Task 7 - Install and configure an external LDAP-based identity store

By default, Oracle WebCenter uses Oracle WebLogic Server's embedded LDAP identity store. For a production environment, you must reassociate Oracle WebCenter with an external LDAP-based authentication provider.

Mandatory for production environment

Section 3.3, "Setting Up an External LDAP-Based Identity Store"

Task 8 - Install and configure back-end components for WebCenter services

Developers and applications users can integrate WebCenter services into WebCenter applications. Certain services, such as Documents, rely on back-end components, such as Oracle Content Server. To provide for service integration into WebCenter applications, you must install and configure required back-end components.

WebCenter Spaces provides several prebuilt workflows for Space membership notifications, Space subscription requests, and so on. To enable them, you must install and configure a Business Process Execution Language (BPEL) server.


Chapter 5, "Preparing Back-End Components for WebCenter Services"

1.3 Additional Documentation

Oracle Fusion Middleware Quick Installation Guide for Oracle WebCenter contains instructions for installing all Oracle WebCenter products in a single domain on a single host. This scenario is useful if you are trying to set up an evaluation or test environment.

Oracle Fusion Middleware Enterprise Deployment Guide for Oracle WebCenter contains information for configuring Oracle WebCenter in a distributed environment, where you may have various components on a variety of different hosts.

If you are installing Oracle WebCenter in an environment that contains other Fusion Middleware or third-party products and you intend to configure your Oracle WebCenter components to be used in conjunction with these other products, refer to Oracle Fusion Middleware Interoperability and Compatibility Guide to verify compatibility and interoperability.

If you are installing Oracle WebCenter in a high availability environment, refer to the section "Configuring High Availability for Oracle ADF and WebCenter Applications" in Oracle Fusion Middleware High Availability Guide.