MySQL 5.5 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 7.2 Reference Guide CREATE USER Statement

    user [auth_option] [, user [auth_option]] ...

    (see Section 6.2.4, “Specifying Account Names”)

auth_option: {
    IDENTIFIED BY [PASSWORD] 'auth_string'
  | IDENTIFIED WITH auth_plugin [AS 'auth_string']

The CREATE USER statement creates new MySQL accounts. An error occurs if you try to create an account that already exists.

To use CREATE USER, you must have the global CREATE USER privilege, or the INSERT privilege for the mysql system database. When the read_only system variable is enabled, CREATE USER additionally requires the SUPER privilege.


CREATE USER may be recorded in server logs or on the client side in a history file such as ~/.mysql_history, which means that cleartext passwords may be read by anyone having read access to that information. For information about password logging in the server logs, see Section, “Passwords and Logging”. For similar information about client-side logging, see Section, “mysql Client Logging”.

For each account, CREATE USER creates a new row in the mysql.user system table with no privileges and assigns the account an authentication plugin. Depending on the syntax used, CREATE USER may also assign the account a password.

An account when first created has no privileges. To assign privileges, use the GRANT statement.

Each user value naming an account may be followed by an optional auth_option value that specifies how authentication occurs for clients that use the account. This part of CREATE USER syntax is shared with GRANT, so the description here applies to GRANT as well.

Each account name uses the format described in Section 6.2.4, “Specifying Account Names”. For example:

CREATE USER 'jeffrey'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'password';

The host name part of the account name, if omitted, defaults to '%'.

The server assigns an authentication plugin and password to each account as follows, depending on whether the user specification clause includes IDENTIFIED BY or IDENTIFIED WITH to specify authentication information:

If the account has no password, the password information in the account row in the mysql.user table remains empty, which is insecure. To set the password, use SET PASSWORD. See Section, “SET PASSWORD Statement”.

If the server assigns no plugin to the account, the plugin column in the account's mysql.user table row remains empty.

For client connections that use a given account, the server invokes the authentication plugin assigned to the account and the client must provide credentials as required by the authentication method that the plugin implements. If the server cannot find the plugin, either at account-creation time or connect time, an error occurs.

If an account's mysql.user table row has a nonempty plugin column:

If an account's mysql.user table row has an empty plugin column:

CREATE USER examples:

For additional information about setting passwords and authentication plugins, see Section 6.2.9, “Assigning Account Passwords”, and Section 6.2.10, “Pluggable Authentication”.