MySQL 5.6 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 7.3-7.4 Reference Guide

11.3.3 The YEAR Type

The YEAR type is a 1-byte type used to represent year values. It can be declared as YEAR(4) or YEAR(2) to specify a display width of four or two characters. The default is four characters if no width is given.


The YEAR(2) data type has certain issues that you should consider before choosing to use it. Also, as of MySQL 5.6.6, YEAR(2) is deprecated. YEAR(2) columns in existing tables are treated as before, but YEAR(2) in new or altered tables are converted to YEAR(4). For more information, see Section 11.3.4, “YEAR(2) Limitations and Migrating to YEAR(4)”.

YEAR(4) and YEAR(2) differ in display format, but have the same range of values. For 4-digit format, MySQL displays YEAR values in YYYY format, with a range of 1901 to 2155, or 0000. For 2-digit format, MySQL displays only the last two (least significant) digits; for example, 70 (1970 or 2070) or 69 (2069).

You can specify input YEAR values in a variety of formats:

MySQL converts invalid YEAR values to 0000.

See also Section 11.3.8, “Two-Digit Years in Dates”.