MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 8.0

For integer data types, * M* indicates
the maximum display width. The maximum display width is 255.
Display width is unrelated to the range of values a type can
store, as described in
Section 11.1.6, “Numeric Type Attributes”.

For floating-point and fixed-point data types,
* M* is the total number of digits that
can be stored.

As of MySQL 8.0.17, the display width attribute is deprecated for integer data types and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version.

If you specify `ZEROFILL`

for a numeric column,
MySQL automatically adds the `UNSIGNED`

attribute to the column.

As of MySQL 8.0.17, the `ZEROFILL`

attribute is
deprecated for numeric data types and support for it will be
removed in a future MySQL version. Consider using an alternative
means of producing the effect of this attribute. For example,
applications could use the `LPAD()`

function to zero-pad numbers up to the desired width, or they
could store the formatted numbers in
`CHAR`

columns.

Numeric data types that permit the `UNSIGNED`

attribute also permit `SIGNED`

. However, these
data types are signed by default, so the
`SIGNED`

attribute has no effect.

As of MySQL 8.0.17, the `UNSIGNED`

attribute is
deprecated for columns of type
`FLOAT`

,
`DOUBLE`

, and
`DECIMAL`

(and any synonyms) and
support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version.
Consider using a simple `CHECK`

constraint
instead for such columns.

`SERIAL`

is an alias for ```
BIGINT
UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT UNIQUE
```

.

`SERIAL DEFAULT VALUE`

in the definition of an
integer column is an alias for ```
NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT
UNIQUE
```

.

Warning

When you use subtraction between integer values where one is
of type `UNSIGNED`

, the result is unsigned
unless the
`NO_UNSIGNED_SUBTRACTION`

SQL
mode is enabled. See Section 12.11, “Cast Functions and Operators”.

A bit-value type.

indicates the number of bits per value, from 1 to 64. The default is 1 if`M`

is omitted.`M`

`TINYINT[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

A very small integer. The signed range is

`-128`

to`127`

. The unsigned range is`0`

to`255`

.These types are synonyms for

`TINYINT(1)`

. A value of zero is considered false. Nonzero values are considered true:mysql>

+------------------------+ | IF(0, 'true', 'false') | +------------------------+ | false | +------------------------+ mysql>`SELECT IF(0, 'true', 'false');`

+------------------------+ | IF(1, 'true', 'false') | +------------------------+ | true | +------------------------+ mysql>`SELECT IF(1, 'true', 'false');`

+------------------------+ | IF(2, 'true', 'false') | +------------------------+ | true | +------------------------+`SELECT IF(2, 'true', 'false');`

However, the values

`TRUE`

and`FALSE`

are merely aliases for`1`

and`0`

, respectively, as shown here:mysql>

+--------------------------------+ | IF(0 = FALSE, 'true', 'false') | +--------------------------------+ | true | +--------------------------------+ mysql>`SELECT IF(0 = FALSE, 'true', 'false');`

+-------------------------------+ | IF(1 = TRUE, 'true', 'false') | +-------------------------------+ | true | +-------------------------------+ mysql>`SELECT IF(1 = TRUE, 'true', 'false');`

+-------------------------------+ | IF(2 = TRUE, 'true', 'false') | +-------------------------------+ | false | +-------------------------------+ mysql>`SELECT IF(2 = TRUE, 'true', 'false');`

+--------------------------------+ | IF(2 = FALSE, 'true', 'false') | +--------------------------------+ | false | +--------------------------------+`SELECT IF(2 = FALSE, 'true', 'false');`

The last two statements display the results shown because

`2`

is equal to neither`1`

nor`0`

.`SMALLINT[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

A small integer. The signed range is

`-32768`

to`32767`

. The unsigned range is`0`

to`65535`

.`MEDIUMINT[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

A medium-sized integer. The signed range is

`-8388608`

to`8388607`

. The unsigned range is`0`

to`16777215`

.`INT[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

A normal-size integer. The signed range is

`-2147483648`

to`2147483647`

. The unsigned range is`0`

to`4294967295`

.`INTEGER[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

This type is a synonym for

`INT`

.`BIGINT[(`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`M`

A large integer. The signed range is

`-9223372036854775808`

to`9223372036854775807`

. The unsigned range is`0`

to`18446744073709551615`

.`SERIAL`

is an alias for`BIGINT UNSIGNED NOT NULL AUTO_INCREMENT UNIQUE`

.Some things you should be aware of with respect to

`BIGINT`

columns:All arithmetic is done using signed

`BIGINT`

or`DOUBLE`

values, so you should not use unsigned big integers larger than`9223372036854775807`

(63 bits) except with bit functions! If you do that, some of the last digits in the result may be wrong because of rounding errors when converting a`BIGINT`

value to a`DOUBLE`

.MySQL can handle

`BIGINT`

in the following cases:When using integers to store large unsigned values in a

`BIGINT`

column.In

`MIN(`

or)`col_name`

`MAX(`

, where)`col_name`

refers to a`col_name`

`BIGINT`

column.When using operators (

`+`

,`-`

,`*`

, and so on) where both operands are integers.

You can always store an exact integer value in a

`BIGINT`

column by storing it using a string. In this case, MySQL performs a string-to-number conversion that involves no intermediate double-precision representation.The

`-`

,`+`

, and`*`

operators use`BIGINT`

arithmetic when both operands are integer values. This means that if you multiply two big integers (or results from functions that return integers), you may get unexpected results when the result is larger than`9223372036854775807`

.

`DECIMAL[(`

[,`M`

])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

A packed “exact” fixed-point number.

is the total number of digits (the precision) and`M`

is the number of digits after the decimal point (the scale). The decimal point and (for negative numbers) the`D`

`-`

sign are not counted in. If`M`

is 0, values have no decimal point or fractional part. The maximum number of digits (`D`

) for`M`

`DECIMAL`

is 65. The maximum number of supported decimals () is 30. If`D`

is omitted, the default is 0. If`D`

is omitted, the default is 10. (There is also a limit on how long the text of`M`

`DECIMAL`

literals can be; see Section 12.25.3, “Expression Handling”.)`UNSIGNED`

, if specified, disallows negative values. As of MySQL 8.0.17, the`UNSIGNED`

attribute is deprecated for columns of type`DECIMAL`

(and any synonyms) and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version. Consider using a simple`CHECK`

constraint instead for such columns.All basic calculations (

`+, -, *, /`

) with`DECIMAL`

columns are done with a precision of 65 digits.`DEC[(`

,[,`M`

])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

`NUMERIC[(`

,[,`M`

])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

`FIXED[(`

[,`M`

])] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

These types are synonyms for

`DECIMAL`

. The`FIXED`

synonym is available for compatibility with other database systems.`FLOAT[(`

,`M`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

A small (single-precision) floating-point number. Permissible values are

`-3.402823466E+38`

to`-1.175494351E-38`

,`0`

, and`1.175494351E-38`

to`3.402823466E+38`

. These are the theoretical limits, based on the IEEE standard. The actual range might be slightly smaller depending on your hardware or operating system.is the total number of digits and`M`

is the number of digits following the decimal point. If`D`

and`M`

are omitted, values are stored to the limits permitted by the hardware. A single-precision floating-point number is accurate to approximately 7 decimal places.`D`

`FLOAT(`

is a nonstandard MySQL extension. As of MySQL 8.0.17, this syntax is deprecated and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version.,`M`

)`D`

`UNSIGNED`

, if specified, disallows negative values. As of MySQL 8.0.17, the`UNSIGNED`

attribute is deprecated for columns of type`FLOAT`

(and any synonyms) and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version. Consider using a simple`CHECK`

constraint instead for such columns.Using

`FLOAT`

might give you some unexpected problems because all calculations in MySQL are done with double precision. See Section B.3.4.7, “Solving Problems with No Matching Rows”.`FLOAT(`

) [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`p`

A floating-point number.

represents the precision in bits, but MySQL uses this value only to determine whether to use`p`

`FLOAT`

or`DOUBLE`

for the resulting data type. Ifis from 0 to 24, the data type becomes`p`

`FLOAT`

with noor`M`

values. If`D`

is from 25 to 53, the data type becomes`p`

`DOUBLE`

with noor`M`

values. The range of the resulting column is the same as for the single-precision`D`

`FLOAT`

or double-precision`DOUBLE`

data types described earlier in this section.`UNSIGNED`

, if specified, disallows negative values. As of MySQL 8.0.17, the`UNSIGNED`

attribute is deprecated for columns of type`FLOAT`

(and any synonyms) and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version. Consider using a simple`CHECK`

constraint instead for such columns.`FLOAT(`

syntax is provided for ODBC compatibility.)`p`

`DOUBLE[(`

,`M`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

A normal-size (double-precision) floating-point number. Permissible values are

`-1.7976931348623157E+308`

to`-2.2250738585072014E-308`

,`0`

, and`2.2250738585072014E-308`

to`1.7976931348623157E+308`

. These are the theoretical limits, based on the IEEE standard. The actual range might be slightly smaller depending on your hardware or operating system.is the total number of digits and`M`

is the number of digits following the decimal point. If`D`

and`M`

are omitted, values are stored to the limits permitted by the hardware. A double-precision floating-point number is accurate to approximately 15 decimal places.`D`

`DOUBLE(`

is a nonstandard MySQL extension. As of MySQL 8.0.17, this syntax is deprecated and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version.,`M`

)`D`

`UNSIGNED`

, if specified, disallows negative values. As of MySQL 8.0.17, the`UNSIGNED`

attribute is deprecated for columns of type`DOUBLE`

(and any synonyms) and support for it will be removed in a future MySQL version. Consider using a simple`CHECK`

constraint instead for such columns.`DOUBLE PRECISION[(`

,,`M`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

`REAL[(`

,`M`

)] [UNSIGNED] [ZEROFILL]`D`

These types are synonyms for

`DOUBLE`

. Exception: If the`REAL_AS_FLOAT`

SQL mode is enabled,`REAL`

is a synonym for`FLOAT`

rather than`DOUBLE`

.