MySQL 8.0 Reference Manual Including MySQL NDB Cluster 8.0

25.34 The INFORMATION_SCHEMA ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS Table

The ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS table provides information about available spatial reference systems for spatial data. This table is based on the SQL/MM (ISO/IEC 13249-3) standard.

Entries in the ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS table are based on the European Petroleum Survey Group (EPSG) data set, except for SRID 0, which corresponds to a special SRS used in MySQL that represents an infinite flat Cartesian plane with no units assigned to its axes. For additional information about SRSs, see Section 11.5.5, “Spatial Reference System Support”.

The ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS table has these columns:

Notes

Example

mysql> SELECT * FROM ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS
       WHERE SRS_ID = 4326\G
*************************** 1. row ***************************
                SRS_NAME: WGS 84
                  SRS_ID: 4326
            ORGANIZATION: EPSG
ORGANIZATION_COORDSYS_ID: 4326
              DEFINITION: GEOGCS["WGS 84",DATUM["World Geodetic System 1984",
                          SPHEROID["WGS 84",6378137,298.257223563,
                          AUTHORITY["EPSG","7030"]],AUTHORITY["EPSG","6326"]],
                          PRIMEM["Greenwich",0,AUTHORITY["EPSG","8901"]],
                          UNIT["degree",0.017453292519943278,
                          AUTHORITY["EPSG","9122"]],
                          AXIS["Lat",NORTH],AXIS["Long",EAST],
                          AUTHORITY["EPSG","4326"]]
             DESCRIPTION:

This entry describes the SRS used for GPS systems. It has a name (SRS_NAME) of WGS 84 and an ID (SRS_ID) of 4326, which is the ID used by the European Petroleum Survey Group (EPSG).

The DEFINITION values for projected and geographic SRSs begin with PROJCS and GEOGCS, respectively. The definition for SRID 0 is special and has an empty DEFINITION value. The following query determines how many entries in the ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS table correspond to projected, geographic, and other SRSs, based on DEFINITION values:

mysql> SELECT
         COUNT(*),
         CASE LEFT(DEFINITION, 6)
           WHEN 'PROJCS' THEN 'Projected'
           WHEN 'GEOGCS' THEN 'Geographic'
           ELSE 'Other'
         END AS SRS_TYPE
       FROM ST_SPATIAL_REFERENCE_SYSTEMS
       GROUP BY SRS_TYPE;
+----------+------------+
| COUNT(*) | SRS_TYPE   |
+----------+------------+
|        1 | Other      |
|     4668 | Projected  |
|      483 | Geographic |
+----------+------------+

To enable manipulation of SRS entries stored in the data dictionary, MySQL provides these SQL statements: