MySQL Enterprise Backup User's Guide (Version 8.0.18)

1.2 Overview of Backup Types

When it comes to formulating your backup strategy, performance and storage space are the key considerations. You want the backup to complete quickly, with as little CPU overhead on the database server as possible. You also want the backup data to be compact, so you can keep multiple backups on hand to restore at a moment's notice. Transferring the backup data to a different system should be quick and convenient. Under such considerations, various strategies for backing up your database often give you different advantages, for the different trade-offs you make when choosing a particular strategy. To choose the strategy that best fits your needs, you have to understand the nature of each kind of backups that MySQL Enterprise Backup can perform, for which this section is giving a brief overview.

Kinds of backups according to the level of service disruption

Depending on how the database operations would be disrupted during a backup, the backup is classified as hot,warm, or cold:

Kinds of backups according to whether all data, or recent changes only are backed up

According to whether you want to include all data into your backup or only the recent changes, and according to recent changes since when, you can perform either a full backup, a differential backup, or an incremental backup. The three types of backups have different levels of requirements for CPU overhead and disk space, thus are suitable for different situations:

Compressed versus uncompressed backups

Backup compression saves you storage space and network traffic to transfer the backup data onto a different server. Compression does add some CPU overhead, but the overhead is algorithm dependent and it is fairly low for the default algorithm used by MySQL Enterprise Backup. Also, compression often reduces the IO overhead by a great deal, which might shorten the restore time, especially for slower IO devices. However, during the restore process, you need time for decompression and also storage space for both the compressed and decompressed data at the same time. So, take into account the additional storage space and the extra time needed during a restore when considering whether to create compressed backups.

When streaming backup data to another server, you might want to compress the backup either on the original server or the destination server, depending on which server has more spare CPU capacity and how much network traffic the compression could save.

For more on techniques and tradeoffs involving backup and restore performance, see Chapter 13, Performance Considerations for MySQL Enterprise Backup.