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System Administration Guide: Oracle Solaris Containers-Resource Management and Oracle Solaris Zones
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Part I Resource Management

1.  Introduction to Solaris 10 Resource Management

2.  Projects and Tasks (Overview)

3.  Administering Projects and Tasks

4.  Extended Accounting (Overview)

5.  Administering Extended Accounting (Tasks)

6.  Resource Controls (Overview)

7.  Administering Resource Controls (Tasks)

8.  Fair Share Scheduler (Overview)

9.  Administering the Fair Share Scheduler (Tasks)

10.  Physical Memory Control Using the Resource Capping Daemon (Overview)

11.  Administering the Resource Capping Daemon (Tasks)

12.  Resource Pools (Overview)

13.  Creating and Administering Resource Pools (Tasks)

14.  Resource Management Configuration Example

15.  Resource Control Functionality in the Solaris Management Console

Part II Zones

16.  Introduction to Solaris Zones

17.  Non-Global Zone Configuration (Overview)

18.  Planning and Configuring Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

19.  About Installing, Halting, Cloning, and Uninstalling Non-Global Zones (Overview)

20.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling, and Cloning Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

21.  Non-Global Zone Login (Overview)

22.  Logging In to Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

23.  Moving and Migrating Non-Global Zones (Tasks)

24.  Solaris 10 9/10: Migrating a Physical Solaris System Into a Zone (Tasks)

25.  About Packages and Patches on a Solaris System With Zones Installed (Overview)

26.  Adding and Removing Packages and Patches on a Solaris System With Zones Installed (Tasks)

27.  Solaris Zones Administration (Overview)

28.  Solaris Zones Administration (Tasks)

29.  Upgrading a Solaris 10 System That Has Installed Non-Global Zones

30.  Troubleshooting Miscellaneous Solaris Zones Problems

Part III lx Branded Zones

31.  About Branded Zones and the Linux Branded Zone

32.  Planning the lx Branded Zone Configuration (Overview)

33.  Configuring the lx Branded Zone (Tasks)

34.  About Installing, Booting, Halting, Cloning, and Uninstalling lx Branded Zones (Overview)

35.  Installing, Booting, Halting, Uninstalling and Cloning lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

36.  Logging In to lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

37.  Moving and Migrating lx Branded Zones (Tasks)

38.  Administering and Running Applications in lx Branded Zones (Tasks)





In Perl, the keyword used to create an object.


In Perl, the term used to denote class membership.

branded zone

Framework to create containers that contain alternative sets of runtime behaviors.


A limit that is placed on system resource usage.


The process of placing a limit on system resource usage.

default pool

The pool created by the system when pools are enabled.

See also resource pool.

default processor set

The processor set created by the system when pools are enabled.

See also processor set.


A type of set in which the members of the set do not overlap and are not duplicated.

dynamic configuration

Information about the disposition of resources within the resource pools framework for a given system at a point in time.

dynamic reconfiguration

On SPARC based systems, the ability to reconfigure hardware while the system is running. Also known as DR.

extended accounting

A flexible way to record resource consumption on a task basis or process basis in the Solaris Operating System.

fair share scheduler

A scheduling class, also known as FSS, that allows you to allocate CPU time that is based on shares. Shares define the portion of the system's CPU resources allocated to a project.


See fair share scheduler.

global administrator

An administrator with superuser privileges or the Primary Administrator role. When logged in to the global zone, the global administrator can monitor and control the system as a whole.

See also zone administrator.

global scope

Actions that apply to resource control values for every resource control on the system.

global zone

The zone contained on every Solaris system. When non-global zones are in use, the global zone is both the default zone for the system and the zone used for system-wide administrative control.

See also non-global zone.


Process-allocated scratch memory.

local scope

Local actions taken on a process that attempts to exceed the control value.

locked memory

Memory that cannot be paged.

memory cap enforcement threshold

The percentage of physical memory utilization on the system that will trigger cap enforcement by the resource capping daemon.

naming service database

In the Projects and Tasks (Overview) chapter of this document, a reference to both LDAP containers and NIS maps.

non-global zone

A virtualized operating system environment created within a single instance of the Solaris Operating System. The Solaris Zones software partitioning technology is used to virtualize operating system services.

non-global zone administrator

See zone administrator.

page in

To read data from a file into physical memory one page at a time.

page out

To relocate pages to an area outside of physical memory.


See resource pool.

pool daemon

The poold system daemon that is active when dynamic resource allocation is required.

processor set

A disjoint grouping of CPUs. Each processor set can contain zero or more processors. A processor set is represented in the resource pools configuration as a resource element. Also referred to as a pset.

See also disjoint.


A network-wide administrative identifier for related work.

resident set size

The size of the resident set. The resident set is the set of pages that are resident in physical memory.


An aspect of the computing system that can be manipulated with the intent to change application behavior.

resource capping daemon

A daemon that regulates the consumption of physical memory by processes running in projects that have resource caps defined.

resource consumer

Fundamentally, a Solaris process. Process model entities such as the project and the task provide ways of discussing resource consumption in terms of aggregated resource consumption.

resource control

A per-process, per-task, or per-project limit on the consumption of a resource.

resource management

A functionality that enables you to control how applications use available system resources.

resource partition

An exclusive subset of a resource. All of the partitions of a resource sum to represent the total amount of the resource available in a single executing Solaris instance.

resource pool

A configuration mechanism that is used to partition machine resources. A resource pool represents an association between groups of resources that can be partitioned.

resource set

A process-bindable resource. Most often used to refer to the objects constructed by a kernel subsystem offering some form of partitioning. Examples of resource sets include scheduling classes and processor sets.


See resident set size.


A kernel thread that identifies infrequently used pages and relocates the pages to an area outside of physical memory.

Solaris Container

A complete runtime environment for applications. Resource management and Solaris Zones software partitioning technology are both parts of the container.

Solaris Zones

See Solaris Container. A software partitioning technology used to virtualize operating system services and provide an isolated, secure environment in which to run applications.

sparse root zone

A type of non-global zone that has inherit-pkg-dir resources and optimizes the sharing of objects.

static pools configuration

A representation of the way in which an administrator would like a system to be configured with respect to resource pools functionality.


In resource management, a process collective that represents a set of work over time. Each task is associated with one project.

whole root zone

A type of non-global zone that does not have inherit-pkg-dir resources.

working set size

The size of the working set. The working set is the set of pages that the project workload actively uses during its processing cycle.


An aggregation of all processes of an application or group of applications.


See also working set size.

zone administrator

An administrator having the Zone Management profile. The privileges of a zone administrator are confined to a non-global zone.

See also global administrator.

zone state

The status of a non-global zone. The zone state is one of configured, incomplete, installed, ready, running, or shutting down.