Run surface analysis on a disk
For more information on the analysis feature of the format utility, see analyze Menu.
The defective area reported while your system is running might not be accurate. Because the system does disk operations many sectors at a time, it is often hard to pinpoint exactly which sector caused a given error. To find the exact sector or sectors, use How to Identify a Defective Sector by Using Surface Analysis.
Get multiple error messages from the disk driver concerning a particular portion of the disk while your system is running.
Console messages that are related to disk errors appear similar to the following:
WARNING: /io-unit@f,e0200000/sbi@0,0/QLGC,isp@1,10000/sd@3,0 (sd33): Error for command 'read' Error Level: Retryable Requested Block 126, Error Block: 179 Sense Key: Media Error Vendor 'name': ASC = 0x11 (unrecovered read error), ASCQ = 0x0, FRU = 0x0
This message indicates that block 179 might be defective. You would relocate the bad block by using the format utility's repair command. Or, you would use the analyze command with the repair option enabled.
# umount /dev/dsk/device-name
For more information, see mount(1M).
Specify disk (enter its number):1 selecting c0t2d0: [disk formatted] Warning: Current Disk has mounted partitions.
Use the parameters shown here:
analyze> setup Analyze entire disk [yes]? n Enter starting block number [0, 0/0/0]: 12330 Enter ending block number [2052287, 2035/13/71]: 12360 Loop continuously [no]? y Repair defective blocks [yes]? n Stop after first error [no]? n Use random bit patterns [no]? n Enter number of blocks per transfer [126, 0/1/54]: 1 Verify media after formatting [yes]? y Enable extended messages [no]? n Restore defect list [yes]? y Create defect label [yes]? y
analyze> read Ready to analyze (won't harm SunOS). This takes a long time, but is interruptible with Control-C. Continue? y pass 0 2035/12/1825/7/24 pass 1 Block 12354 (18/4/18), Corrected media error (hard data ecc) 25/7/24 ^C Total of 1 defective blocks repaired.
Specify disk (enter its number): 1 selecting c0t3d0 [disk formatted] format>
Enter absolute block number of defect: 12354 Ready to repair defect, continue? y Repairing block 12354 (18/4/18)...ok. format>
If you are unsure of the format that is used to identify the defective sector, see How to Identify a Defective Sector by Using Surface Analysis for more information.