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Oracle GlassFish Server Message Queue 4.5 Administration Guide
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Document Information


Part I Introduction to Message Queue Administration

1.  Administrative Tasks and Tools

2.  Quick-Start Tutorial

Part II Administrative Tasks

3.  Starting Brokers and Clients

4.  Configuring a Broker

5.  Managing a Broker

6.  Configuring and Managing Connection Services

7.  Managing Message Delivery

8.  Configuring Persistence Services

9.  Configuring and Managing Security Services

10.  Configuring and Managing Broker Clusters

11.  Managing Administered Objects

12.  Configuring and Managing Bridge Services

13.  Monitoring Broker Operations

Monitoring Services

Introduction to Monitoring Tools

Configuring and Using Broker Logging

Logger Properties

Log Message Format

Default Logging Configuration

Changing the Logging Configuration

To Change the Logger Configuration for a Broker

Changing the Output Channel

Changing Log File Rollover Criteria

Sending Metrics Data to Log Files

Logging Dead Messages

Using the Command Utility to Display Metrics Interactively

imqcmd metrics

To Use the metrics Subcommand

Metrics Outputs: imqcmd metrics

Brokerwide Metrics

Connection Service Metrics

Physical Destination Metrics

imqcmd query

Using the JMX Administration API

Using the Java ES Monitoring Console

Using the Message-Based Monitoring API

Setting Up Message-Based Monitoring

To Set Up Message-based Monitoring

Security and Access Considerations

Metrics Outputs: Metrics Messages

14.  Analyzing and Tuning a Message Service

15.  Troubleshooting

Part III Reference

16.  Command Line Reference

17.  Broker Properties Reference

18.  Physical Destination Property Reference

19.  Administered Object Attribute Reference

20.  JMS Resource Adapter Property Reference

21.  Metrics Information Reference

22.  JES Monitoring Framework Reference

Part IV Appendixes

A.  Distribution-Specific Locations of Message Queue Data

B.  Stability of Message Queue Interfaces

C.  HTTP/HTTPS Support

D.  JMX Support

E.  Frequently Used Command Utility Commands


Configuring and Using Broker Logging

The Message Queue Logger takes information generated by broker code, a debugger, and a metrics generator and writes that information to a number of output channels: to standard output (the console), to a log file, and, on Solaris platforms, to the syslog daemon process. You can specify the type of information gathered by the Logger as well as the type of information the Logger writes to each of the output channels. For example, you can specify that you want metrics information written out to a log file.

This section describes the configuration and use of the Logger for monitoring broker activity. It includes the following topics:

Logger Properties

The imq.log.file.dirpath and imq.log.file.filename broker properties identify the log file to use and the property specifies whether console output is directed to stdout or stderr.

The imq.log.level property controls the categories of metric information that the Logger gathers: ERROR, WARNING, or INFO. Each level includes those above it, so if you specify, for example, WARNING as the logging level, error messages will be logged as well.

There is also an imq.destination.logDeadMsgs property that specifies whether to log entries when dead messages are discarded or moved to the dead message queue.

The imq.log.console.output and imq.log.file.output properties control which of the specified categories the Logger writes to the console and the log file, respectively. In this case, however, the categories do not include those above them; so if you want, for instance, both errors and warnings written to the log file and informational messages to the console, you must explicitly set imq.log.file.output to ERROR|WARNING and imq.log.console.output to INFO.

On Solaris platforms another property, imq.log.syslog.output, specifies the categories of metric information to be written to the syslog daemon.

In the case of a log file, you can specify the point at which the file is closed and output is rolled over to a new file. Once the log file reaches a specified size (imq.log.file.rolloverbytes) or age (imq.log.file.rolloversecs), it is saved and a new log file created.

See Monitoring Properties for additional broker properties related to logging and subsequent sections for details about how to configure the Logger and how to use it to obtain performance information.

Log Message Format

A logged message consists of a time stamp, a message code, and the message itself. The volume of information included varies with the logging level you have set. The broker supports three logging levels: ERROR, WARNING , and INFO (see Table 13-2). Each level includes those above it (for example, WARNING includes ERROR).

Table 13-2 Logging Levels

Logging Level
Serious problems that could cause system failure
Conditions that should be heeded but will not cause system failure
Metrics and other informational messages

The default logging level is INFO, so messages at all three levels are logged by default. The following is an example of an INFO message:

[13/Sep/2000:16:13:36 PDT] [B1004]: Starting the broker service using tcp [25374,100] with min threads 50 and max threads of 500

You can change the time zone used in the time stamp by setting the broker configuration property imq.log.timezone (see Table 17-13).

Default Logging Configuration

A broker is automatically configured to save log output to a set of rolling log files. The log files are located in a directory identified by the instance name of the associated broker:


Note - For a broker whose life cycle is controlled by GlassFish Server, the log files are located in a subdirectory of the domain directory for the domain for which the broker was started:


The log files are simple text files. The system maintains nine backup files named as follows, from earliest to latest:

log.txt log_1.txt log_2.txt log_9.txt

By default, the log files are rolled over once a week. You can change this rollover interval, or the location or names of the log files, by setting appropriate configuration properties:

See Table 17-13 for further information on these properties.

Changing the Logging Configuration

Log-related properties are described in Table 17-13.

To Change the Logger Configuration for a Broker

  1. Set the logging level.
  2. Set the output channel (file, console, or both) for one or more logging categories.
  3. If you log output to a file, configure the rollover criteria for the file.

    You complete these steps by setting Logger properties. You can do this in one of two ways:

    • Change or add Logger properties in the file for a broker before you start the broker.

    • Specify Logger command line options in the imqbrokerd command that starts the broker. You can also use the broker option -D to change Logger properties (or any broker property).

    Options passed on the command line override properties specified in the broker instance configuration files. The following imqbrokerd options affect logging:

    -metrics interval

    Logging interval for broker metrics, in seconds

    -loglevel level

    Logging level (ERROR, WARNING, INFO, or NONE)


    Silent mode (no logging to console)


    Log all messages to console

    The following sections describe how you can change the default configuration in order to do the following:

    • Change the output channel (the destination of log messages)

    • Change rollover criteria

Changing the Output Channel

By default, error and warning messages are displayed on the terminal as well as being logged to a log file. (On Solaris, error messages are also written to the system’s syslog daemon.)

You can change the output channel for log messages in the following ways:

Note - Before changing Logger output channels, you must make sure that logging is set at a level that supports the information you are mapping to the output channel. For example, if you set the logging level to ERROR and then set the imq.log.console.output property to WARNING, no messages will be logged because you have not enabled the logging of WARNING messages.

Changing Log File Rollover Criteria

There are two criteria for rolling over log files: time and size. The default is to use a time criteria and roll over files every seven days.

If you set both the time-related and the size-related rollover properties, the first limit reached will trigger the rollover. As noted before, the broker maintains up to nine rollover files.

You can set or change the log file rollover properties when a broker is running. To set these properties, use the imqcmd update bkr command.

Sending Metrics Data to Log Files

This section describes the procedure for using broker log files to report metrics information. For general information on configuring the Logger, see Configuring and Using Broker Logging.

To Use Log Files to Report Metrics Information

  1. Configure the broker’s metrics generation capability:
    1. Confirm imq.metrics.enabled=true

      Generation of metrics for logging is turned on by default.

    2. Set the metrics generation interval to a convenient number of seconds.


      This value can be set in the file or using the -metrics interval command line option when starting up the broker.

  2. Confirm that the Logger gathers metrics information:

    This is the default value. This value can be set in the file or using the -loglevel level command line option when starting up the broker.

  3. Confirm that the Logger is set to write metrics information to the log file:

    This is the default value. It can be set in the file.

  4. Start up the broker.

    The following shows sample broker metrics output to the log file:

    [21/Jul/2004:11:21:18 PDT]
    Connections: 0    JVM Heap: 8323072 bytes (7226576 free) Threads: 0 (14-1010)
          In: 0 msgs (0bytes) 0 pkts (0 bytes)
         Out: 0 msgs (0bytes) 0 pkts (0 bytes)
     Rate In: 0 msgs/sec (0 bytes/sec) 0 pkts/sec (0 bytes/sec)
    Rate Out: 0 msgs/sec (0 bytes/sec) 0 pkts/sec (0 bytes/sec)

    For reference information about metrics data, see Chapter 21, Metrics Information Reference

Logging Dead Messages

You can monitor physical destinations by enabling dead message logging for a broker. You can log dead messages whether or not you are using a dead message queue.

If you enable dead message logging, the broker logs the following types of events:

If a dead message queue is in use, logging also includes the following types of events:

The following is an example of the log format for dead messages:

[29/Mar/2006:15:35:39 PST] [B1147]: Message 8-
35251-1143675279400 from destination Q:q0 has been placed on the DMQ because 
[B0053]: Message on destination Q:q0 Expired: expiration time 1143675279402, 
arrival time 1143675279401, JMSTimestamp 1143675279400

Dead message logging is disabled by default. To enable it, set the broker attribute imq.destination.logDeadMsgs.