Solaris ZFS Administration Guide

Bringing a Device Online

Once a device is taken offline, it can be restored by using the zpool online command:

# zpool online tank c1t0d0
bringing device c1t0d0 online

When a device is brought online, any data that has been written to the pool is resynchronized to the newly available device. Note that you cannot use device onlining to replace a disk. If you offline a device, replace the drive, and try to bring it online, it remains in the faulted state.

If you attempt to online a faulted device, a message similar to the following is displayed:

# zpool online tank c1t0d0
warning: device 'c1t0d0' onlined, but remains in faulted state
use 'zpool replace' to replace devices that are no longer present

You might also see the faulted disk message from fmd.

SUNW-MSG-ID: ZFS-8000-D3, TYPE: Fault, VER: 1, SEVERITY: Major
EVENT-TIME: Fri Aug 28 14:08:39 MDT 2009
PLATFORM: SUNW,Sun-Fire-T200, CSN: -, HOSTNAME: neo2
SOURCE: zfs-diagnosis, REV: 1.0
EVENT-ID: 9da778a7-a828-c88a-d679-c9a7873f4808
DESC: A ZFS device failed.  Refer to for more information.
AUTO-RESPONSE: No automated response will occur.
IMPACT: Fault tolerance of the pool may be compromised.
REC-ACTION: Run 'zpool status -x' and replace the bad device.

For more information on replacing a faulted device, see Resolving a Missing Device.

You can use the zpool online -e command to expand a LUN. By default, a LUN that is added to a pool is not expanded to its full size unless the autoexpand pool property is enabled. You can expand the LUN automatically by using the zpool online -ecommand even if the LUN is already online or if the LUN is currently offline. For example:

# zpool online -e tank c1t13d0