For nfsmapid to work properly, NFS version 4 clients and servers must have the same domain. To ensure matching NFS version 4 domains, nfsmapid follows these strict precedence rules:
The daemon first checks the /etc/default/nfs file for a value that has been assigned to the NFSMAPID_DOMAIN keyword. If a value is found, the assigned value takes precedence over any other settings. The assigned value is appended to the outbound attribute strings and is compared against inbound attribute strings. For more information about keywords in the /etc/default/nfs file, see Keywords for the /etc/default/nfs File. For procedural information, see Setting Up NFS Services.
The use of the NFSMAPID_DOMAIN setting is not scalable and is not recommended for large deployments.
If no value has been assigned to NFSMAPID_DOMAIN, then the daemon checks for a domain name from a DNS TXT RR. nfsmapid relies on directives in the /etc/resolv.conf file that are used by the set of routines in the resolver. The resolver searches through the configured DNS servers for the _nfsv4idmapdomain TXT RR. Note that the use of DNS TXT records is more scalable. For this reason, continued use of TXT records is much preferred over setting the keyword in the /etc/default/nfs file.
If no DNS TXT record provides a domain name, then by default the nfsmapid daemon uses the configured DNS domain.
If the /etc/resolv.conf file does not exist, nfsmapid obtains the NFS version 4 domain name by following the behavior of the domainname command. Specifically, if the /etc/defaultdomain file exists, nfsmapid uses the contents of that file for the NFS version 4 domain. If the /etc/defaultdomain file does not exist, nfsmapid uses the domain name that is provided by the network's configured naming service. For more information, see the domainname(1M) man page.