With both NFS version 3 and version 4, if a client attempts to access a file system that has been unshared, the server responds with an error code. However, with NFS version 3 the server maintains any locks that the clients had obtained before the file system was unshared. Thus, when the file system is reshared, NFS version 3 clients can access the file system as though that file system had never been unshared.
With NFS version 4, when a file system is unshared, all the state for any open files or file locks in that file system is destroyed. If the client attempts to access these files or locks, the client receives an error. This error is usually reported as an I/O error to the application. Note, however, that resharing a currently shared file system to change options does not destroy any of the state on the server.