Sun Java System Web Server 7.0 Update 7 Performance Tuning, Sizing, and Scaling Guide

Tuning for HTTP 1.0-Style Workload

Since HTTP 1.0 results in a large number of new incoming connections, the default acceptor threads of 1 per listen socket would be suboptimal. Increasing this to a higher number should improve performance for HTTP 1.0-style workloads. For instance, for a system with 2 CPUs, you might want to set it to 2. You might also want to reduce the keep-alive connections, for example, to 0.

HTTP 1.0-style workloads can have many connections established and terminated.

If users are experiencing connection timeouts from a browser to Web Server when the server is heavily loaded, you can increase the size of the HTTP listener backlog queue by setting the HTTP listener listen queue size to a larger value, such as 8192.

The HTTP listener listen queue specifies the maximum number of pending connections on a listen socket. Connections that time out on a listen socket whose backlog queue is full fail.