The following sections provide information about binding declaration files:
All JAXB binding declarations files must begin with:
JAXB version number
Schema name and node
The version, namespace, and schema declarations in bindings.xjb are as follows:
<jxb:bindings version="1.0" xmlns:jxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb" xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema"> <jxb:bindings schemaLocation="po.xsd" node="/xs:schema"> ... binding-declarations ... </jxb:bindings> <!-- schemaLocation="po.xsd" node="/xs:schema" --> </jxb:bindings>
An XML file with a root element of <jaxb:bindings> is considered an external binding file. The root element must specify the JAXB version attribute with which its binding declarations must comply; specifically the root <jxb:bindings> element must contain either a <jxb:version> declaration or a version attribute. By contrast, when making binding declarations inline, the JAXB version number is made as attribute of the <xsd:schema> declaration:
<xsd:schema xmlns:xsd="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema" xmlns:jxb="http://java.sun.com/xml/ns/jaxb" jxb:version="1.0">
As shown in JAXB Version, Namespace, and Schema Attributes, the namespace declarations in the external binding declarations file include both the JAXB namespace and the XMLSchema namespace. Note that the prefixes used in this example could in fact be anything you want; the important thing is to consistently use whatever prefixes you define here in subsequent declarations in the file.
The fourth line of the code in JAXB Version, Namespace, and Schema Attributes specifies the name of the schema to which this binding declarations file will apply, and the schema node at which the customizations will first take effect. Subsequent binding declarations in this file will reference specific nodes within the schema, but this first declaration should encompass the schema as a whole; for example, in bindings.xjb:
<jxb:bindings schemaLocation="po.xsd" node="/xs:schema">
The global schema binding declarations in bindings.xjb are the same as those in po.xsd for the Datatype Converter example. The only difference is that because the declarations in po.xsd are made inline, you need to embed them in <xs:appinfo> elements, which are in turn embedded in <xs:annotation> elements. Embedding declarations in this way is unnecessary in the external bindings file.
<jxb:globalBindings fixedAttributeAsConstantProperty="true" collectionType="java.util.Vector" typesafeEnumBase="xs:NCName" choiceContentProperty="false" typesafeEnumMemberName="generateError" bindingStyle="elementBinding" enableFailFastCheck="false" generateIsSetMethod="false" underscoreBinding="asCharInWord"/> <jxb:schemaBindings> <jxb:package name="primer.myPo"> <jxb:javadoc> <![CDATA[<body>Package level documentation for generated package primer.myPo.</body>]]> </jxb:javadoc> </jxb:package> <jxb:nameXmlTransform> <jxb:elementName suffix="Element"/> </jxb:nameXmlTransform> </jxb:schemaBindings>
By comparison, the syntax used in po.xsd for the Datatype Converter example is:
<xsd:annotation> <xsd:appinfo> <jxb:globalBindings ... binding-declarations ... <jxb:schemaBindings> ... binding-declarations ... </jxb:schemaBindings> </xsd:appinfo> </xsd:annotation>
The class-level binding declarations in bindings.xjb differ from the analogous declarations in po.xsd for the Datatype Converter example in two ways:
As with all other binding declarations in bindings.xjb, you do not need to embed your customizations in schema <xsd:appinfo> elements.
You must specify the schema node to which the customization will be applied. The general syntax for this type of declaration is:
For example, the following code shows binding declarations for the complexType named USAddress.
<jxb:bindings node="//xs:complexType[@name=’USAddress’]"> <jxb:class> <jxb:javadoc> <![CDATA[First line of documentation for a <b>USAddress</b>.]]> </jxb:javadoc> </jxb:class> <jxb:bindings node=".//xs:element[@name=’name’]"> <jxb:property name="toName"/> </jxb:bindings> <jxb:bindings node=".//xs:element[@name=’zip’]"> <jxb:property name="zipCode"/> </jxb:bindings> </jxb:bindings> <!-- node="//xs:complexType[@name=’USAddress’]" -->
Note in this example that USAddress is the parent of the child elements name and zip, and therefore a </jxb:bindings> tag encloses the bindings declarations for the child elements as well as the class-level javadoc declaration.