Sun Studio 12: Performance Analyzer

Compiling and Linking Your Program

You can collect and analyze data for a program compiled with almost any option, but some choices affect what you can collect or what you can see in the Performance Analyzer. The issues that you should take into account when you compile and link your program are described in the following subsections.

Source Code Information

To see source code in annotated Source and Disassembly analyses, and source lines in the Lines analyses, you must compile the source files of interest with the -g compiler option (-g0 for C++ to enable front-end inlining) to generate debug symbol information. The format of the debug symbol information can be either DWARF2 or stabs, as specified by -xdebugformat=(dwarf|stabs) . The default debug format is dwarf.

To prepare compilation objects with debug information that allows dataspace profiles, currently only for SPARC® processors, compile by specifying -xhwcprof -xdebugformat=dwarf and any level of optimization. (Currently, this functionality is not available without optimization.) To see program data objects in Data Objects analyses, also add -g (or -g0 for C++) to obtain full symbolic information.

Executables and libraries built with DWARF format debugging symbols automatically include a copy of each constituent object file’s debugging symbols. Executables and libraries built with stabs format debugging symbols also include a copy of each constituent object file’s debugging symbols if they are linked with the -xs option, which leaves stabs symbols in the various object files as well as the executable. The inclusion of this information is particularly useful if you need to move or remove the object files. With all of the debugging symbols in the executables and libraries themselves, it is easier to move the experiment and the program-related files to a new location.

Static Linking

When you compile your program, you must not disable dynamic linking, which is done with the -dn and -Bstatic compiler options. If you try to collect data for a program that is entirely statically linked, the Collector prints an error message and does not collect data. The error occurs because the collector library, among others, is dynamically loaded when you run the Collector.

Do not statically link any of the system libraries. If you do, you might not be able to collect any kind of tracing data. Also, do not link to the Collector library,

Optimization at Compile Time

If you compile your program with optimization turned on at some level, the compiler can rearrange the order of execution so that it does not strictly follow the sequence of lines in your program. The Performance Analyzer can analyze experiments collected on optimized code, but the data it presents at the disassembly level is often difficult to relate to the original source code lines. In addition, the call sequence can appear to be different from what you expect if the compiler performs tail-call optimizations. See Tail-Call Optimization for more information.

Compiling Java Programs

No special action is required for compiling Java programs with the javac command.