The Java EE 6 Tutorial, Volume I

Traversing Relationships with an Input Parameter

FROM Player p, IN (p.teams) AS t
WHERE = :city

Data retrieved: The players whose teams belong to the specified city.

Description: This query is similar to the previous example, but it adds an input parameter. The AS keyword in the FROM clause is optional. In the WHERE clause, the period preceding the persistent variable city is a delimiter, not a navigation operator. Strictly speaking, expressions can navigate to relationship fields (related entities), but not to persistent fields. To access a persistent field, an expression uses the period as a delimiter.

Expressions cannot navigate beyond (or further qualify) relationship fields that are collections. In the syntax of an expression, a collection-valued field is a terminal symbol. Because the teams field is a collection, the WHERE clause cannot specify (an illegal expression).

See also: Path Expressions