The Java EE 6 Tutorial, Volume I

Parameterized Method Calls

The updated EL version 2.1.2 included in Java EE 6 offers support for parameters to method calls. Method calls can now use parameters (or arguments) without having to use static EL functions.

Both the . and [] operators can be used for invoking method calls with parameters as shown in expression syntax below:

In the first expression syntax, expr-a is evaluated to represent a bean object. The expression expr-b is evaluated and cast to a string which represents a method in the bean represented by expr-a. In the second expression syntax, expr-a is evaluated to represent a bean object and identifier-b is a string that represents a method in the bean object. The parameters in parentheses are the arguments for the method invocation. Parameters can be 0 or more values or expressions, separated by commas.

Parameters are supported for both value expressions and method expressions. In the following example, which is a modified tag from guessNumber application, a random number is provided as an argument rather than from user input to the method call:

<h:inputText value="#{userNumberBean.userNumber('5')}">

The above example uses a value expression.

Consider the following example of a JavaServer Faces component tag which uses a method expression:

<h:commandButton action="#{}" value="buy"/>

where EL expression is calling the trader bean's buy method. You can modify the tag to pass on a parameter. Here is the revised tag where a parameter is passed:

<h:commandButton action="#{'JAVA')}" value="buy"/>

In the above example you are passing the string 'JAVA' (a stock symbol) as a parameter to the buy method.

For more information on the updated EL, see