ToolTalk User's Guide

Chapter 6 Maintaining Files and Objects Referenced in ToolTalk Messages

ToolTalk messages can reference files of interest or ToolTalk objects. The ToolTalk service maintains information about files and objects, and needs to be informed of changes to these files or objects.

The ToolTalk service provides wrapped shell commands to move, copy, and remove files. These commands inform the ToolTalk service of any changes.

ToolTalk-Enhanced Shell Commands

The ToolTalk-enhanced shell commands described in Table 6–1 first invoke the standard shell commands with which they are associated (for example, ttmv invokes mv) and then update the ToolTalk service with the file changes. It is necessary to use the ToolTalk-enhanced shell commands when working with files that contain ToolTalk objects.

Table 6–1 ToolTalk-Enhanced Shell Commands





Copies files that contain objects. 

ttcp source-file destination-file


Renames files that contain objects. 

ttmv old new


Removes files that contain objects. 

ttrm file


Removes empty directories that are associated with ToolTalk objects.  

You also use this command to create an object spec for a directory; for example, if a directory is mentioned in a file-scoped message. When an object spec is created, the path name of a file or directory is supplied.  

ttrmdir directory


Archives and de-archives files that contain ToolTalk objects. 

tttar c|t|x pathname1 pathname2

You can cause the ToolTalk-enhanced shell commands to be executed when the standard shell commands are invoked. To do this, alias the ToolTalk-enhanced shell commands in the shell startup file so that the enhanced commands appear as standard shell commands.

# ToolTalk-aware shell commands in .cshrc
alias mv	ttmv
alias cp	ttcp
alias rm	ttrm
alias rmdir	ttrmdir
alias tar	tttar 

Maintaining and Updating ToolTalk Databases

Information about files and objects in the ToolTalk databases can become outdated if the ToolTalk-enhanced shell commands are not used to copy, move, and remove them. For example, you can remove a file old_file that contains ToolTalk objects from the file system with the standard rm command. However, because the standard shell command does not inform the ToolTalk service that old_file has been removed, the information about the file and the individual objects remains in the ToolTalk database.

To remove the file and object information from the ToolTalk database, use the command:

ttrm -L old_file

Displaying, Checking, and Repairing Databases

Use the ToolTalk database utility ttdbck to display, check, or repair ToolTalk databases. You also use the ttdbck utility for operations such as:

Note –

ToolTalk databases are typically accessible only to root; therefore, the ttdbck utility is normally run as root.