Writing Device Drivers

minphys() Entry Point

The minphys() entry point is a pointer to a function to be called by physio(9F) or aphysio(9F). The purpose of xxminphys is to ensure that the size of the requested transfer does not exceed a driver-imposed limit. If the user requests a larger transfer, strategy(9E) is called repeatedly, requesting no more than the imposed limit at a time. This approach is important because DMA resources are limited. Drivers for slow devices, such as printers, should be careful not to tie up resources for a long time.

Usually, a driver passes the address of the kernel function minphys(9F), but the driver can define its own xxminphys() routine instead. The job of xxminphys() is to keep the b_bcount field of the buf(9S) structure under a driver's limit. The driver should adhere to other system limits as well. For example, the driver's xxminphys() routine should call the system minphys(9F) routine after setting the b_bcount field and before returning.

Example 15–7 minphys(9F) Routine

#define XXMINVAL (512 << 10)    /* 512 KB */
static void
xxminphys(struct buf *bp)
       if (bp->b_bcount > XXMINVAL)
        bp->b_bcount = XXMINVAL