Writing Device Drivers

ddi_dma_attr Structure

The DMA attribute structure has the following members:

typedef struct ddi_dma_attr {
    uint_t      dma_attr_version;       /* version number */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_addr_lo;       /* low DMA address range */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_addr_hi;       /* high DMA address range */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_count_max;     /* DMA counter register */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_align;         /* DMA address alignment */
    uint_t      dma_attr_burstsizes;    /* DMA burstsizes */
    uint32_t    dma_attr_minxfer;       /* min effective DMA size */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_maxxfer;       /* max DMA xfer size */
    uint64_t    dma_attr_seg;           /* segment boundary */
    int         dma_attr_sgllen;        /* s/g length */
    uint32_t    dma_attr_granular;      /* granularity of device */
    uint_t      dma_attr_flags;         /* Bus specific DMA flags */
} ddi_dma_attr_t;



Version number of the attribute structure. dma_attr_version should be set to DMA_ATTR_V0.


Lowest bus address that the DMA engine can access.


Highest bus address that the DMA engine can access.


Specifies the maximum transfer count that the DMA engine can handle in one cookie. The limit is expressed as the maximum count minus one. This count is used as a bit mask, so the count must also be one less than a power of two.


Specifies alignment requirements when allocating memory from ddi_dma_mem_alloc(9F). An example of an alignment requirement is alignment on a page boundary. The dma_attr_align field is used only when allocating memory. This field is ignored during bind operations. For bind operations, the driver must ensure that the buffer is aligned appropriately.


Specifies the burst sizes that the device supports. A burst size is the amount of data the device can transfer before relinquishing the bus. This member is a binary encoding of burst sizes, which are assumed to be powers of two. For example, if the device is capable of doing 1-byte, 2-byte, 4-byte, and 16-byte bursts, this field should be set to 0x17. The system also uses this field to determine alignment restrictions.


Minimum effective transfer size that the device can perform. This size also influences restrictions on alignment and on padding.


Describes the maximum number of bytes that the DMA engine can accommodate in one I/O command. This limitation is only significant if dma_attr_maxxfer is less than (dma_attr_count_max + 1) * dma_attr_sgllen.


Upper bound of the DMA engine's address register. dma_attr_seg is often used where the upper 8 bits of an address register are a latch that contains a segment number. The lower 24 bits are used to address a segment. In this case, dma_attr_seg would be set to 0xFFFFFF, which prevents the system from crossing a 24-bit segment boundary when allocating resources for the object.


Specifies the maximum number of entries in the scatter-gather list. dma_attr_sgllen is the number of cookies that the DMA engine can consume in one I/O request to the device. If the DMA engine has no scatter-gather list, this field should be set to 1.


This field gives the granularity in bytes of the DMA transfer ability of the device. An example of how this value is used is to specify the sector size of a mass storage device. When a bind operation requires a partial mapping, this field is used to ensure that the sum of the sizes of the cookies in a DMA window is a whole multiple of granularity. However, if the device does not have a scatter-gather capability, it is impossible for the DDI to ensure the granularity. For this case, the value of the dma_attr_granular field should be 1.


This field can be set to DDI_DMA_FORCE_PHYSICAL, which indicates that the system should return physical rather than virtual I/O addresses if the system supports both. If the system does not support physical DMA, the return value from ddi_dma_alloc_handle(9F) is DDI_DMA_BADATTR. In this case, the driver has to clear DDI_DMA_FORCE_PHYSICAL and retry the operation.