Writing Device Drivers

SPARC Multiply and Divide Instructions

The Version 7 SPARC processors do not have multiply or divide instructions. The multiply and divide instructions are emulated in software. Because a driver might run on a Version 7, Version 8, or Version 9 processor, avoid intensive integer multiplication and division. Instead, use bitwise left and right shifts to multiply and divide by powers of two.

The SPARC Architecture Manual, Version 9, contains more specific information on the SPARC CPU. The SPARC Compliance Definition, Version 2.4, contains details of the application binary interface (ABI) for SPARC V9. The manual describes the 32-bit SPARC V8 ABI and the 64-bit SPARC V9 ABI. You can obtain this document from SPARC International at http://www.sparc.com.