Linker and Libraries Guide

Using an Environment Variable

You can also use the environment variable LD_LIBRARY_PATH to add to the link-editor's library search path. Typically, LD_LIBRARY_PATH takes a colon-separated list of directories. In its most general form, LD_LIBRARY_PATH can also take two directory lists separated by a semicolon. These lists are searched before and after the -Y lists supplied on the command line.

The following example shows the combined effect of setting LD_LIBRARY_PATH and calling the link-editor with several -L occurrences.

$ LD_LIBRARY_PATH=dir1:dir2;dir3
$ cc -o prog main.c -Lpath1 ... -Lpath2 ... -Lpathn -lfoo

The effective search path is dir1:dir2:path1:path2... pathn:dir3:/usr/ccs/lib:/lib:/usr/lib.

If no semicolon is specified as part of the LD_LIBRARY_PATH definition, the specified directory list is interpreted after any -L options. In the following example, the effective search path is path1:path2... pathn:dir1:dir2:/usr/ccs/lib:/lib:/usr/lib.

$ LD_LIBRARY_PATH=dir1:dir2
$ cc -o prog main.c -Lpath1 ... -Lpath2 ... -Lpathn -lfoo

Note –

This environment variable can also be used to augment the search path of the runtime linker. See Directories Searched by the Runtime Linker. To prevent this environment variable from influencing the link-editor, use the -i option.