Oracle Solaris ZFS Administration Guide

Identifying the Type of Data Corruption

By default, the zpool status command shows only that corruption has occurred, but not where this corruption occurred. For example:

# zpool status monkey
  pool: monkey
 state: ONLINE
status: One or more devices has experienced an error resulting in data
        corruption.  Applications may be affected.
action: Restore the file in question if possible.  Otherwise restore the
        entire pool from backup.
 scrub: scrub completed after 0h0m with 8 errors on Tue Jul 13 13:17:32 2010

        NAME        STATE     READ WRITE CKSUM
        monkey      ONLINE       8     0     0
          c1t1d0    ONLINE       2     0     0
          c2t5d0    ONLINE       6     0     0

errors: 8 data errors, use '-v' for a list

Each error indicates only that an error occurred at a given point in time. Each error is not necessarily still present on the system. Under normal circumstances, this is the case. Certain temporary outages might result in data corruption that is automatically repaired after the outage ends. A complete scrub of the pool is guaranteed to examine every active block in the pool, so the error log is reset whenever a scrub finishes. If you determine that the errors are no longer present, and you don't want to wait for a scrub to complete, reset all errors in the pool by using the zpool online command.

If the data corruption is in pool-wide metadata, the output is slightly different. For example:

# zpool status -v morpheus
  pool: morpheus
    id: 1422736890544688191
 state: FAULTED
status: The pool metadata is corrupted.
action: The pool cannot be imported due to damaged devices or data.

        morpheus    FAULTED   corrupted data
          c1t10d0   ONLINE

In the case of pool-wide corruption, the pool is placed into the FAULTED state because the pool cannot provide the required redundancy level.