Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Basic Installations

Checklist for Installation

Use the following checklist to gather the information that you need to install the Solaris OS. You do not need to gather all of the information that is requested on the checklist. You only need to collect the information that applies to your system.

Use this checklist if you are performing an initial installation. If you are upgrading your system, see Checklist for Upgrading in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.

Note –

If you have a system that contains non-global zones, Solaris Live Upgrade is the recommended upgrade program or program to add patches. Other upgrade programs might require extensive upgrade time, because the time required to complete the upgrade increases linearly with the number of installed non-global zones.

For information about upgrading with Solaris Live Upgrade, see Part I, Upgrading With Solaris Live Upgrade, in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Solaris Live Upgrade and Upgrade Planning.

Table 1–5 Installation Checklist

Information for Installation 

Description or Example 

Answer — Defaults are noted with an asterisk (*) 

Network connection 

Is the system connected to a network? 


Network security 

Starting with the Solaris 10 11/06 release, you have the option during an initial installation to change the network security settings so that all network services, except Secure Shell, are disabled or restricted to respond to local requests only. This security option is only available during an initial installation, not during an upgrade. An upgrade maintains any previously set services. If necessary, you can restrict network services after an upgrade by using the netservices command.

During the installation, you can select restricted network security. Or, you can enable a larger set of services as in previous Solaris releases. You can safely select the restricted network security option, as any services can be individually enabled after installation. For further information about these options, see Planning Network Security in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.

The network services can be enabled after installation by using the netservices open command or by enabling individual services by using SMF commands. See Revising Security Settings After Installation in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.

Restricted/Open network security 


Can the system use Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) to configure its network interfaces? 

DHCP provides the network parameters that are necessary for installation. 


If you are not using DHCP, note the network address. 

IP Address 

If you are not using DHCP, supply the IP address for the system. 


To find this information on a running system, type the following command. 

# ypmatch host-name hosts


If you are not using DHCP, is the system part of a subnet? 

If yes, what is the netmask of the subnet? 


To find this information on a running system, type the following command. 

# more /etc/netmasks


Do you want to enable IPv6 on this machine? 

IPv6 is a part of the TCP/IP Internet protocol that facilitates IP addressing by adding better security and increasing Internet addresses. 


Host Name 

Host name that you choose for the system. 

To find this information on a running system, type the following command. 

# uname -n


Do you want to configure Kerberos security on this machine? 

If yes, gather this information: 


Default Realm: 


Administration Server: 


First KDC: 


(Optional) Additional KDCs:


The Kerberos service is a client-server architecture that provides secure transactions over networks. 


If the system uses a naming service, provide the following information. 

Naming Service 

Which naming service should this system use? 

To find this information on a running system, type the following command. 

# cat /etc/nsswitch.conf

A naming service stores information in a central place, which enables users, machines, and applications to communicate across the network. Examples of information that is stored are host names and addresses or user names and passwords. 



Domain Name 

Provide the name of the domain in which the system resides. 

During installation, you can choose the default NFSv4 domain name. Or, you can specify a custom NFSv4 domain name. 

For instructions about how to find the domain name on a running system, see Checking for the NFS Version 4 Domain in System Administration Guide: Network Services.

For more information about specifying a domain name, see NFSv4 Domain Name Configurable During Installation in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade. To preconfigure the NFSv4 domain name in the sysidcfg file, see nfs4_domain Keyword in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations.


NIS+ and NIS 

Do you want to specify a name server or let the installation program find one? 

If you want to specify a name server, provide the following information. 

Specify One/Find One* 

Server's host name: 

  • For NIS clients, type the following command to display the server's host name.

    # ypwhich
  • For NIS+ clients, type the following command to display the server's host name.

    # nisping

Server's IP Address: 

  • For NIS clients, type the following command to display the server's IP address.

    # ypmatch nameserver-name hosts
  • For NIS+ clients, type the following command to display the server's IP address.

    # nismatch nameserver-name 

Network Information Service (NIS) makes network administration more manageable by providing centralized control over a variety of network information, such as machine names and addresses. 



Provide IP addresses for the DNS server. You must enter at least one IP address, but you can enter up to three addresses. 


Server's IP Address: 


To display the server's IP address, type the following command. 

# getent hosts dns

You can enter a list of domains to search when a DNS query is made. 


List of domains to be searched: 


The domain name system (DNS) is the naming service that the Internet provides for TCP/IP networks. DNS provides host names to the IP address service. DNS simplifies communication by using machine names instead of numerical IP addresses. DNS also serves as a database for mail administration. 



Provide the following information about your LDAP profile. 


Profile Name: 


Profile Server: 


If you specify a proxy credential level in your LDAP profile, gather this information. 


Proxy-bind distinguished name: 


Proxy-bind password: 


Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP) defines a relatively simple protocol for updating and searching directories that are running over TCP/IP. 


Default Route 

Do you want to specify a default route IP address or let the Solaris installation program find one?

The default route provides a bridge that forwards traffic between two physical networks. An IP address is a unique number that identifies each host on a network. 

You have the following choices:

  • You can specify the IP address. An /etc/defaultrouter file is created with the specified IP address. When the system is rebooted, the specified IP address becomes the default route.

  • You can let the Solaris installation program detect an IP address. However, the system must be on a subnet that has a router that advertises itself by using the ICMP router discovery protocol. If you are using the command-line interface, the software detects an IP address when the system is booted.

  • You can choose None if you do not have a router or do not want the software to detect an IP address at this time. The software automatically tries to detect an IP address on reboot.

Detect one*/Specify one/None 

Time Zone 

How do you want to specify your default time zone? 

Geographic region*  

Offset from GMT 

Time zone file 

Root Password 

Provide the root password for the system. 



If the keyboard is self-identifying, the keyboard language and layout automatically configures during installation. If the keyboard is not self-identifying, you can select from a list of supported keyboard layouts during installation. 

PS/2 keyboards are not self-identifying. You will be asked to select the keyboard layout during the installation. 

SPARC only –

Previously, all of keyboards that were not self-identifying always configured for the U.S. English layout during installation.

For further information, see keyboard Keyword in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations.



For which geographic regions do you want to install support? 


SPARC: Power Management (only available on SPARC systems that support Power Management) 

Do you want to use Power Management? 

Note –

If your system has Energy Star version 3 or later, you are not prompted for this information.


Automatic reboot or CD/DVD ejection 

Reboot automatically after software installation? 

Eject CD/DVD automatically after software installation? 



Default or Custom Install 

Do you want to perform a default installation, or customize the installation?

  • Select Default installation to format the entire hard disk and install a preselected set of software.

  • Select Custom installation to modify the hard disk layout and select the software that you want to install.

Note –

The text installer does not prompt you to select a Default or Custom Installation. To perform a default installation, accept the default values that are provided in the text installer. To perform a custom installation, edit the values in the text installer screens.

Default installation*/Custom installation 

Software Group 

Which Solaris Software Group do you want to install? 

Entire Plus OEM 



End User 


Reduced Networking 

Custom Package Selection 

Do you want to add or remove software packages from the Solaris Software Group that you install? 

Note –

When you select which packages to add or remove, you need to know about software dependencies and how Solaris software is packaged.


Select Disks 

On which disks do you want to install the Solaris software? 

Example: c0t0d0


x86: fdisk partitioning

Do you want to create, delete, or modify a Solaris fdisk partition?

Each disk that is selected for file system layout must have a Solaris fdisk partition.

If your system currently has a service partition, the Solaris installation program preserves the service partition by default. If you do not want to preserve the service partition, you must customize the fdisk partitions. For more information about preserving a service partition, see Default Boot-Disk Partition Layout Preserves the Service Partition in Solaris 10 5/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade.


Select Disks for fdisk Partition Customization?


Customize fdisk partitions?


Preserve Data  

Do you want to preserve any data that exists on the disks where you are installing the Solaris software? 


Auto-layout File Systems 

Do you want the installation program to automatically lay out file systems on your disks? 

If yes, which file systems should be used for auto-layout? 

Example: /, /opt, /var

If no, you must provide file system configuration information. 

Note –

The Solaris installation GUI lays out file systems automatically by default.


Mount Remote File Systems 

Does this system need to access software on another file system? 

If yes, provide the following information about the remote file system. 




IP Address: 


Remote File System: 


Local Mount Point: 


If you are installing through a tip line, follow these instructions.

Ensure that your window display is at least 80 columns wide and 24 rows long. For more information, see tip(1).

To determine the current dimensions of your tip window, use the stty command. For more information, see the man page, stty(1).


Check your Ethernet connection. 

If the system is part of a network, verify that an Ethernet connector or similar network adapter is connected to your system. 


Review the planning chapter and other relevant documentation.