Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Basic Installations


This book describes how to use CD or DVD media to install the SolarisTM Operating System (Solaris OS) on a nonnetworked system.

This book does not include instructions about how to set up system hardware or other peripherals. This book provides instructions for installing both UFS file systems and ZFS root pools.

Note –

This Solaris release supports systems that use the SPARC® and x86 families of processor architectures: UltraSPARC®, SPARC64, AMD64, Pentium, and Xeon EM64T. The supported systems appear in the Solaris OS: Hardware Compatibility Lists at This document cites any implementation differences between the platform types.

In this document these x86 related terms mean the following:

For supported systems, see the Solaris 10 Hardware Compatibility List.

Who Should Use This Book

This book is intended for system administrators who are responsible for installing the Solaris OS. This book provides basic Solaris installation information for system administrators who perform infrequent Solaris installations or upgrades.

If you need advanced Solaris installation information, see Related Books to find the book that describes the information.

Related Books

Table P–1 lists documentation for system administrators.

Table P–1 Are You a System Administrator Who is Installing Solaris?



Do you need system requirements or high-level planning information? Or want a high-level overview of Solaris ZFSTM root pool installations, GRUB based booting, Solaris ZonesTM partitioning technology, or creating RAID-1 volumes?

Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Planning for Installation and Upgrade

Do you need to upgrade or patch your system with almost no downtime? Save system downtime when upgrading by using Solaris Live Upgrade. 

Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Solaris Live Upgrade and Upgrade Planning

Do you need to install a secure installation over the network or Internet? Use WAN boot to install a remote client. Or, do you need to install over the network from a network installation image? The Solaris installation program steps you through an installation. 

Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Network-Based Installations

Do you need to install Solaris on multiple machines? Use JumpStartTM to automate your installation.

Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Custom JumpStart and Advanced Installations

Do you need to install or patch multiple systems quickly? Use Solaris FlashTM software to create a Solaris Flash archive and install a copy of the OS on clone systems.

Solaris 10 10/09 Installation Guide: Solaris Flash Archives (Creation and Installation)

Do you need to back up your system? 

Chapter 23, Backing Up and Restoring UFS File Systems (Overview), in System Administration Guide: Devices and File Systems

Do you need troubleshooting information, a list of known problems, or a list of patches for this release? 

Solaris Release Notes

Do you need to verify that your system works on Solaris? 

SPARC: Solaris Sun Hardware Platform Guide

Do you need to check on which packages have been added, removed, or changed in this release? 

Solaris Package List

Do you need to verify that your system and devices work with Solaris SPARC and x86 based systems and other third-party vendors. 

Solaris Hardware Compatibility List for x86 Platforms

Documentation, Support, and Training

The Sun web site provides information about the following additional resources:

Sun Welcomes Your Comments

Sun is interested in improving its documentation and welcomes your comments and suggestions. To share your comments, go to and click Feedback.

Typographic Conventions

The following table describes the typographic conventions that are used in this book.

Table P–2 Typographic Conventions





The names of commands, files, and directories, and onscreen computer output 

Edit your .login file.

Use ls -a to list all files.

machine_name% you have mail.


What you type, contrasted with onscreen computer output 

machine_name% su



Placeholder: replace with a real name or value 

The command to remove a file is rm filename.


Book titles, new terms, and terms to be emphasized 

Read Chapter 6 in the User's Guide.

A cache is a copy that is stored locally.

Do not save the file.

Note: Some emphasized items appear bold online.

Shell Prompts in Command Examples

The following table shows the default UNIX® system prompt and superuser prompt for the C shell, Bourne shell, and Korn shell.

Table P–3 Shell Prompts



C shell 


C shell for superuser 


Bourne shell and Korn shell 


Bourne shell and Korn shell for superuser 


Platform Conventions

The following keyboard and mouse conventions are applicable to SPARC and x86 based systems: