Network Interface Guide

Asynchronous Connectionless-Mode Service

Asynchronous connectionless mode networking is conducted by configuring the endpoint for non-blocking service, and either polling for or receiving asynchronous notification when data might be transferred. If asynchronous notification is used, the actual receipt of data typically takes place within a signal handler.

Making the Endpoint Asynchronous

After the endpoint has been established using t_open(3NSL), and its identity established using t_bind(3NSL), the endpoint can be configured for asynchronous service. This is done by using the fcntl(2) function to set the O_NONBLOCK flag on the endpoint. Thereafter, calls to t_sndudata(3NSL) for which no buffer space is immediately available return -1 with t_errno set to TFLOW. Likewise, calls to t_rcvudata(3NSL) for which no data are available return -1 with t_errno set to TNODATA.

Asynchronous Network Transfers

Although an application can use the poll(2) function to check periodically for the arrival of data or to wait for the receipt of data on an endpoint, it might be necessary to receive asynchronous notification when data has arrived. This can be done by using the ioctl(2) function with the I_SETSIG command to request that a SIGPOLL signal be sent to the process upon receipt of data at the endpoint. Applications should check for the possibility of multiple messages causing a single signal.

In the following example, protocol is the name of the application-chosen transport protocol.

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <tiuser.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <stropts.h>

int				fd;
struct t_bind				*bind;
void				sigpoll(int);

	fd = t_open(protocol, O_RDWR, (struct t_info *) NULL);

	bind = (struct t_bind *) t_alloc(fd, T_BIND, T_ADDR);
	...     /* set up binding address */
	t_bind(fd, bind, bin

	/* make endpoint non-blocking */
	fcntl(fd, F_SETFL, fcntl(fd, F_GETFL) | O_NONBLOCK);

	/* establish signal handler for SIGPOLL */
	signal(SIGPOLL, sigpoll);

	/* request SIGPOLL signal when receive data is available */
	ioctl(fd, I_SETSIG, S_INPUT | S_HIPRI);


void sigpoll(int sig)
	int					flags;
	struct t_unitdata					ud;

	for (;;) {
		... /* initialize ud */
		if (t_rcvudata(fd, &ud, &flags) < 0) {
			if (t_errno == TNODATA)
				break;  /* no more messages */
			... /* process other error conditions */
	... /* process message in ud */