#include <sys/ddi.h> #include <sys/sunddi.h>int prefix attach(dev_info_t *dip, ddi_attach_cmd_t cmd);
Solaris DDI specific (Solaris DDI)
A pointer to the device's dev_info structure.
Attach type. Possible values are DDI_ATTACH, DDI_PM_RESUME (obsolete) , and DDI_RESUME. Other values are reserved. The driver must return DDI_FAILURE if reserved values are passed to it.
The attach(9E) function is the device-specific initialization entry point. This entry point is required and must be written.
The DDI_ATTACH command must be provided in the attach(9E) entry point. DDI_ATTACH is used to initialize a given device instance. When attach(9E) is called with cmd set to DDI_ATTACH, all normal kernel services (such as kmem_alloc(9F)) are available for use by the driver. Device interrupts are not blocked when attaching a device to the system.
The attach(9E) function will be called once for each instance of the device on the system with cmd set to DDI_ATTACH. Until attach(9E) succeeds, the only driver entry points which may be called are open(9E) and getinfo(9E). See the Writing Device Drivers for more information. The instance number may be obtained using ddi_get_instance(9F).
The DDI_PM_RESUME command is required only if the device driver uses original Power Management interfaces (driver calls pm_create_components(9F)). This entry point is not needed if the device driver uses new automatic device Power Management interfaces (driver exports pm-components(9) property instead of calling pm_create_components(9F)). The DDI_PM_RESUME command is obsolete and will be removed in a future release.
The attach() function may be called with cmd set to DDI_PM_RESUME after detach(9E) has been successfully called with cmd set to DDI_PM_SUSPEND. When called with cmd set to DDI_PM_RESUME, attach() must restore the hardware state of a device (power may have been removed from the device), allow pending requests to continue, and service new requests.
The driver must not make any assumptions about the state of the hardware, but must restore it to the state it had when the detach(9E) entry point was called with DDI_PM_SUSPEND.
The attach() function may be called with cmd set to DDI_RESUME after detach(9E) has been successfully called with cmd set to DDI_SUSPEND.
When called with cmd set to DDI_RESUME, attach() must restore the hardware state of a device (power may have been removed from the device), allow pending requests to continue, and service new requests. In this case, the driver must not make any assumptions about the state of the hardware, but must restore the state of the device except for the power level of components.
If the device driver uses original Power Management interfaces (driver calls pm-components(9)) and device is still suspended by DDI_PM_SUSPEND, the only effect of DDI_RESUME is to allow the driver to call ddi_dev_is_needed(9F) for any new or pending requests, as a subsequent call to attach() will be made with cmd set to DDI_PM_RESUME to restore the hardware state.
If the device driver uses new automatic device Power Management interfaces (driver exports pm-components(9) property instead of calling pm_create_components(9F)), then while processing a DDI_RESUME command, the Power Management framework sets its notion of the power level of each component of a device to unknown.
The driver can deal with components during DDI_RESUME in one of the following ways:
1. If the driver can determine the power level of the component without having to power it up (e.g. by calling ddi_peek(9F) or some other device-specific method) then it should notify the power level to the framework by calling pm_power_has_changed(9F).
2. The driver must also set its own notion of the power level of the component to unknown. The system will consider the component idle or busy based on the most recent call to pm_idle_component(9F) or pm_busy_component(9F) for that component. If the component is idle for sufficient time, the framework will call into the driver's power(9E) entry point to turn the component off. If the driver needs to access the device, then it must call pm_raise_power(9F) to bring the component up to the level needed for the device access to succeed. The driver must honor any request to set the power level of the component, since it cannot make any assumption about what power level the component has (or it should have called pm_power_has_changed(9F) as outlined above). As a special case of this, the driver may bring the component to a known state because it wants to perform an operation on the device as part of its DDI_RESUME processing (such as loading firmware so that it can detect hot-plug events).
See attributes(5) for descriptions of the following attributes:
|ATTRIBUTE TYPE||ATTRIBUTE VALUE|
|Interface Stability||Evolving (DDI_PM_RESUME is obsolete.)|
cpr(7), pm(7D), pm(9), pm-components(9), detach(9E), getinfo(9E), identify(9E), open(9E), probe(9E), ddi_add_intr(9F), ddi_create_minor_node(9F), ddi_get_instance(9F), ddi_map_regs(9F), kmem_alloc(9F), pm_create_components(9F), pm_raise_power(9F)