You can set the following access log properties:
Rotation (enabled/disabled). Enable rotation to ensure that the logs don’t run out of disk space.
Rotation Policy:ime-based or size-based. Size-based is the default.
Initial Thread Count
The Thread Count parameter specifies the maximum number of simultaneous requests the server can handle. The default value is 128. When the server has reached the limit or request threads, it defers processing new requests until the number of active requests drops below the maximum amount. Increasing this value will reduce HTTP response latency times.
In practice, clients frequently connect to the server and then do not complete their requests. In these cases, the server waits a length of time specified by the Request Timeout parameter.
Also, some sites do heavyweight transactions that take minutes to complete. Both of these factors add to the maximum simultaneous requests that are required. If your site is processing many requests that take many seconds, you might need to increase the number of maximum simultaneous requests.
Adjust the thread count value based on your load and the length of time for an average request. In general, increase this number if you have idle CPU time and requests that are pending; decrease it if the CPU becomes overloaded. If you have many HTTP 1.0 clients (or HTTP 1.1 clients that disconnect frequently), adjust the timeout value to reduce the time a connection is kept open.
Suitable Request Thread Count values range from 100 to 500, depending on the load. If your system has extra CPU cycles, keep incrementally increasing thread count and monitor performance after each incremental increase. When performance saturates (stops improving), then stop increasing thread count.
The Initial Thread Count property specifies the minimum number of threads the server initiates upon start-up. The default value is 48. Initial Thread Count represents a hard limit for the maximum number of active threads that can run simultaneously, which can become a bottleneck for performance.
The Request Timeout property specifies the number of seconds the server waits between accepting a connection to a client and receiving information from it. The default setting is 30 seconds. Under most circumstances, changing this setting is unnecessary. By setting it to less than the default 30 seconds, it is possible to free up threads sooner. However, disconnecting users with slower connections also helps.
The size (in bytes) of the buffer used by each of the request processing threads for reading the request data from the client.
Adjust the value based on the actual request size and observe the impact on performance. In most cases the default should suffice. If the request size is large, increase this parameter.
Both HTTP 1.0 and HTTP 1.1 support the ability to send multiple requests across a single HTTP session. A server can receive hundreds of new HTTP requests per second. If every request was allowed to keep the connection open indefinitely, the server could become overloaded with connections. On Unix/Linux systems, this could easily lead to a file table overflow.
The Application Server’s Keep Alive system addresses this problem. A waiting keep alive connection has completed processing the previous request, and is waiting for a new request to arrive on the same connection. The server maintains a counter for the maximum number of waiting keep-alive connections. If the server has more than the maximum waiting connections open when a new connection waits for a keep-alive request, the server closes the oldest connection. This algorithm limits the number of open waiting keep-alive connections.
If your system has extra CPU cycles, incrementally increase the keep alive settings and monitor performance after each increase. When performance saturates (stops improving), then stop increasing the settings.
The following HTTP keep alive settings affect performance:
Keep Alive Query Mean Time
Keep Alive Query Max Sleep Time
Thread Count determines the number of threads in the Keep Alive subsystem. Adjust this setting to be a small multiple of the number of processors on the system. For example, a two-CPU system can have two or four keep-alive threads.
The default is one. Do not change the default for a server with a small number of users and Max Connections.
Max Connections controls the maximum number of keep-alive connections the server maintains. The possible range is zero to 32768, and the default is 256.
Adjust this setting based on number of keep alive connections the server is expected to service and the server’s load, because it will add up to resource utilization and might increase latency.
The number of connections specified by Max Connections is divided equally among the keep alive threads. If Max Connections is not equally divisible by Thread Count, the server can allow slightly more than Max Connections simultaneous keep alive connections.
Time Out determines the maximum time (in seconds) that the server holds open an HTTP keep alive connection. A client can keep a connection to the server open so that multiple requests to one server can be serviced by a single network connection. Since the number of open connections that the server can handle is limited, a high number of open connections will prevent new clients from connecting.
The default time out value is 30 seconds. Thus, by default, the server will close the connection if idle for more than 30 seconds. The maximum value for this parameter is 300 seconds (5 minutes).
The proper value for this parameter depends upon how much time is expected to elapse between requests from a given client. For example, if clients are expected to make requests frequently then, set the parameter to a high value; likewise, if clients are expected to make requests rarely, then set it to a low value.
Keep Alive Query Mean Time specifies the interval between polling keep alive connections. If this parameter has a value of n milliseconds, the response time seen by a client that has requested a keep alive connection will have an overhead between 0 and n milliseconds.
The default value of this parameter is one millisecond, which works well for an expected concurrent load of less than 300 keep alive connections. The default value can severely reduce the scalability with higher concurrent loads. For applications with higher connection loads, increase the default value.
Set this parameter with asadmin or in Admin Console HTTP Service page, by choosing Add Property and specifying:
Value: number of milliseconds
Keep Alive Query Max Sleep Time specifies the maximum time (in milliseconds) to wait that after polling keep alive connections for further requests. If your system has extra CPU cycles, keep incrementally increasing this parameter and monitor performance after each incremental increase. When performance saturates (stops improving), then stop increasing the settings.
Set this parameter with asadmin or in the Admin Console HTTP Service page, by choosing Add Property and specifying:
Value: number of milliseconds
Connection queue information shows the number of sessions in the queue, and the average delay before the connection is accepted.
If your system has extra CPU cycles, keep incrementally increasing connection pool settings and monitor performance after each incremental increase. When performance saturates (stops improving), then stop increasing the settings.
Connection pool settings that affect performance are:
Max Pending Count
Max Pending Count specifies the maximum number of pending connections on the listen socket. Adjust Max Pending Count only when there is a heavy load on the system. For low to medium loads, the default will be acceptable.
After observing system behavior, change the value accordingly, otherwise the server will start dropping connections. Connections that time out on a listen socket whose backlog queue is full will fail. If Max Pending Count is close to the limit, increase the maximum connection queue size to avoid dropping connections under heavy load.
Queue Size specifies the number of outstanding (yet to be serviced) connections that the server can have. For heavily loaded systems (with many users) that have limited request processing threads, adjust this setting to a higher value.
Setting the connection queue size too high can degrade server performance. It was designed to prevent the server from becoming overloaded with connections it cannot handle. If the server is overloaded, increasing the connection queue size will increase the latency of request handling, and the connection queue will fill up again.
Specifies the size (in bytes) of the send buffer used by sockets.
Specifies the size (in bytes) of the receive buffer used by sockets.
The Send Buffer Size and Receive Buffer Size are the buffer sizes allocated for output and input buffers, respectively. To tune these parameters, increase them methodically and observe the impact on performance. Stop increasing the values when performance saturates (does not increase significantly).
This setting specifies whether the server performs DNS (domain name service) lookups on clients that access the server. When DNS lookup is not enabled, when a client connects, the server knows the client’s IP address but not its host name (for example, it knows the client as 188.8.131.52, rather than www.xyz.com). When DS lookup is enabled, the server will resolve the client’s IP address into a host name for operations like access control, common gateway interface (CGI) programs, error reporting, and access logging.
If the server responds to many requests per day, reduce the load on the DNS or NIS (Network Information System) server by disabling DNS lookup. Enabling DNS lookup will increase the latency and load on the system—do so with caution.
The Application Server uses a file cache to serve static information faster. The file cache contains information about static files such as HTML, CSS, image, or text files. Enabling the HTTP file cache will improve performance of applications that contain static files.
Set the file cache attributes in the Admin Console under Configurations > config-name > HTTP Service (HTTP File Cache).
Max Files Count determines how many files are in the cache. If the value is too big, the server caches little-needed files, which wastes memory. If the value is too small, the benefit of caching is lost. Try different values of this attribute to find the optimal solution for specific applications—generally, the effects will not be great.
Hash Init Size affects memory use and search time, but rarely will have a measurable effect on performance.
This parameter controls how long cached information is used after a file has been cached. An entry older than the maximum age is replaced by a new entry for the same file.
If your web site’s content changes infrequently, increase this value for improved performance. Set the maximum age by entering or changing the value in the Maximum Age field of the File Cache Configuration page in the web-based Admin Console for the HTTP server node and selecting the File Caching Tab.
Set the maximum age based on whether the content is updated (existing files are modified) on a regular schedule or not. For example, if content is updated four times a day at regular intervals, you could set the maximum age to 21600 seconds (6 hours). Otherwise, consider setting the maximum age to the longest time you are willing to serve the previous version of a content file after the file has been modified.
The cache treats small, medium, and large files differently. The contents of medium files are cached by mapping the file into virtual memory (Unix/Linux platforms). The contents of small files are cached by allocating heap space and reading the file into it. The contents of large files are not cached, although information about large files is cached.
The advantage of distinguishing between small files and medium files is to avoid wasting part of many pages of virtual memory when there are lots of small files. So the Small File Size Limit is typically a slightly lower value than the VM page size.
When File Transmission is enabled, the server caches open file descriptors for files in the file cache, rather than the file contents. Also, the distinction normally made between small, medium, and large files no longer applies since only the open file descriptor is being cached.
By default, File Transmission is enabled on Windows, and disabled on UNIX. On UNIX, only enable File Transmission for platforms that have the requisite native OS support: HP-UX and AIX. Don’t enable it for other UNIX/Linux platforms.