Sun GlassFish Message Queue 4.4 Developer's Guide for Java Clients

Synchronous Consumption in Distributed Applications

Because distributed applications involve greater processing time, such an application might not behave as expected if it were run locally. For example, calling the receiveNoWait method for a synchronous consumer might return null even when there is a message available to be retrieved.

If a client connects to the broker and immediately calls the receiveNoWait method, it is possible that the message queued for the consuming client is in the process of being transmitted from the broker to the client. The client runtime has no knowledge of what is on the broker, so when it sees that there is no message available on the client’s internal queue, it returns with a null, indicating no message.

You can avoid this problem by having your client do either of the following: