System Administration Guide: IP Services

Algorithms and the ESP Module

IPsec ESP implements ESP as a module that is automatically pushed on top of IP. The /dev/ipsecesp entry tunes ESP with ndd(1M). ESP allows encryption algorithms to be pushed on top of it, in addition to the authentication algorithms that are used in AH. Encryption algorithms include United States Data Encryption Standard (DES), Triple-DES (3DES), Blowfish, and AES. Each encryption algorithm has its own key size and key format properties. Because of export laws in the United States and import laws in other countries, not all encryption algorithms are available outside of the United States.