ufs_HW is the number of bytes outstanding on a single file barrier value. If the number of bytes outstanding is greater than this value and ufs_WRITES is set, then the write is deferred. The write is deferred by putting the thread issuing the write to sleep on a condition variable.
ufs_LW is the barrier for the number of bytes outstanding on a single file below which the condition variable on which other sleeping processes are toggled. When a write completes and the number of bytes is less than ufs_LW, then the condition variable is toggled, which causes all threads waiting on the variable to awaken and try to issue their writes.
8 x 1024 x 1024 for ufs_LW and 16 x 1024 x 1024 for ufs_HW
0 to MAXINT
ufs_LW and ufs_HW have meaning only if ufs_WRITES is not equal to zero. ufs_HW and ufs_LW should be changed together to avoid needless churning when processes awake and find that they either cannot issue a write (when ufs_LW and ufs_HW are too close) or when they might have waited longer than necessary (when ufs_LW and ufs_HW are too far apart).
Consider changing these values when file systems consist of striped volumes. The aggregate bandwidth available can easily exceed the current value of ufs_HW. Unfortunately, this is not a per-file system setting.
When ufs_throttles is a non-trivial number. ufs_throttles can currently be accessed only with a kernel debugger.